Your child has a sore throat, cough,
and high fever. Could it be the flu? Or
just a cold?
The flu usually makes kids feel worse than if they have a cold. But it's not always
easy to tell the difference between the two. Here are tips on what to look for —
and what to do.
Colds or Flu: Symptoms Guide
Answer these questions to see if your child has the flu or a cold:
Flu vs. Colds: A Guide to Symptoms
Did the illness come on suddenly?
Does your child have a high fever?
No (or fever is mild)
Is your child's energy level very low?
Is your child's head achy?
Is your child's appetite less than normal?
Are your child's muscles achy?
Does your child have chills?
If most of your answers are "yes," chances are your child has the flu. If your
answers are mostly "no," it's probably a cold.
When Should I Call the Doctor?
If you have any doubts, it's best to call the doctor. An illness that seems like
a cold can turn out to be the flu. And other illnesses, like strep
throat or pneumonia, can seem
like the flu. Even doctors sometimes need to do a test to know for sure if a child
has the flu or a cold.
It's important to get medical care right away if your child:
Most of the time, you can care for your child at home with plenty of liquids, rest,
Even healthy children can struggle with the flu. But some kids — like
those younger than 5 or kids with asthma
— are more likely to have problems if they get the flu. In some cases, a doctor
might prescribe an antiviral medicine to lessen flu symptoms.
What Can Parents Do?
Prevention is the best medicine. Make sure that everyone in your family gets a
flu vaccine every year.
If your child has asthma or another illness, call your doctor right away if your
child shows signs of the flu. The doctor might need to give your child antiviral medicines,
which only work when children start taking them within 48 hours of when flu symptoms