Lupus is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that damages different organs, including the skin, joints, kidneys, heart, and brain. The damage happens because the germ-fighting immune system attacks the body's own cells. This is called autoimmunity.
Medicine can help with symptoms and lower the risk of flares (or flare-ups), which are times when symptoms get worse.
What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Lupus?
Signs and symptoms of lupus (LOOP-iss) can vary from person to person, but may include:
proteins such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), which are present in many people with lupus
Diagnosing lupus can be hard because it can affect almost any organ in the body, and symptoms vary widely from patient to patient.
How Is Lupus Treated?
Treatment for lupus depends on the organs involved. There is no cure for it, but treatment can help control symptoms. Often, a patient with lupus has a health care team with specialists such as:
a rheumatologist (for problems with the joints and connective tissues)
a nephrologist (for kidney problems)
an infectious disease specialist (to help treat infections)
a dermatologist (for skin problems)
a social worker (to help with coordinating care)
a psychologist (to help kids and their families cope with lupus)
Medicines can help lower the risk of flares and improve symptoms. Someone with lupus may take:
corticosteroids to control inflammation
immunosuppressive drugs to lower the body's immune response
antimalarial drugs to help treat skin rashes and joint pain
acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen, for joint and muscle pain
Doctors may also recommend that people with lupus:
Avoid the sun as much as possible and wear sunscreen and protective clothing when outside to help reduce the number of flares.
Get regular exercise to help with tiredness and joint stiffness.
How Can Parents Help?
Lupus is a chronic disease, but treatments can help with symptoms and lower the risk of flares. New and better tools to diagnose and treat lupus have improved the lives of those living with the disease.
To help your child manage:
Go to all doctor visits and follow the care team's instructions.
Learn what symptoms mean a flare may be coming. Calling the doctor right away and starting medicines may stop the flare or make it less severe.
Talk to school staff to help them understand what your child needs.
It also helps to learn all you can about lupus with your child. The care team is a great resource. You also can find information and support online at: