Anemia is when the number of red blood cells in the body gets too low. Red blood cells carry hemoglobin (HEE-muh-glow-bin), a protein that carries oxygen throughout the body. Without enough of them, oxygen doesn't get to the body's organs. Without enough oxygen, the organs can't work normally.
There are many different kinds of anemia, so treatments vary.
What Are the Different Kinds of Anemia?
The types of anemia are based on what causes them. They include:
Anemias from when red blood cells get broken down too fast, called hemolytic anemias. They include:
autoimmune hemolytic anemia: when the body's immune system destroys its own red blood cells
check other cells made in the bone marrow (such as white blood cells)
Sometimes doctors do tests on the bone marrow. The bone marrow is the spongy part inside the bone where blood cells are made. For this test, the doctor puts a needle into the bone to take a small bone marrow sample. The sample is sent to the lab for special tests.
How Is Anemia Treated?
Treatment for anemia depends on the cause. Kids and teens with anemia might need: