Hematology (hee-muh-TOL-uh-jee) is the medical specialty that treats diseases and problems relating to blood, including blood cells and vessels, lymph nodes, and bone marrow.
Oncology (on-KOL-uh-jee) is the medical specialty that studies and treats cancer.
Hematology-oncology (often called hem-onc) is the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of blood diseases and cancer.
A hematologist-oncologist is a doctor who specializes in blood diseases, bleeding disorders, and cancers. They’re trained in hematology and oncology.
Hematologist-oncologists diagnose and treat many different conditions, including:
They provide treatments such as:
Hematologist-oncologists who treat kids and teens have training that typically includes:
They also might have expertise in a specific blood disorder or type of cancer.
Some hematologist-oncologists treat also solid tumors, such as retinoblastoma, melanoma, and Wilms tumor.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice,
diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
Images sourced by The Nemours Foundation and Getty Images.
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