Oncology (ahn-KOL-eh-jee) is the medical specialty focused on the study, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.
An oncologist (ahn-KOL-eh-jist) is a doctor who diagnoses and treats different types of cancer.
Oncologists diagnose and treat cancer. They:
They do such medical tests and procedures as:
An oncologist's training typically includes:
They can also do special training in a subspecialty area; for example, pediatric oncology and hematology-oncology (treatment of cancers and blood disorders).
Surgical oncologists first become general surgeons in a 5-year residency and then complete a fellowship in oncology and the removal of tumors.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice,
diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
Images sourced by The Nemours Foundation and Getty Images.
If you have questions, find the number you need to get help and support.
Find the documents and forms you need, including your enrollee handbook.