Kyphosis is a rounding
of the back that makes it look hunched over. Congenital kyphosis means the child was
born with the condition.
What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Congenital Kyphosis?
The rounded back may be seen at birth as a lump in the back, or it may take time
to become obvious. Sometimes it is noticed when the child starts walking.
What Causes Congenital Kyphosis?
Small bones (called vertebrae) make up the spine. They look like stacked bricks
and are connected by a type of elastic tissue called
. In congenital kyphosis, the front edge of one or more of the bones in
the upper back doesn’t develop properly. So when the vertebrae stack up, the spine
curves and makes the back round out.
Who Gets Congenital Kyphosis?
Doctors don’t know why some kids have this condition.
Observation. If it appears the rounding of the back isn't going
to cause any problems, kyphosis may not need any treatment. Kids will have routine
checkups to see how the rounding changes while the child is growing. Most cases will
stop progressing when kids are done growing.
Surgery. Doctors might recommend a surgery called a spinal
fusion for a severe case that causes pain, breathing trouble, or neurologic symptoms
like tingling or weakness.
What Else Should I Know?
Kids with congenital kyphosis also can have kidney, heart, or intestine problems.
So when a child is diagnosed with this problem, the doctor will order other tests
to make sure the rest of the body is healthy.
If you notice lump or a hunched shape in your child’s neck or back, call your doctor
for an evaluation.