3. Give a screening (test) that checks for depression.
4. Ask questions, address concerns, and offer advice about:
Eating. Young adults should eat three meals a day that include
lean protein, at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and at least
three servings of dairy products or a fortified milk alternative. Limit food and drinks
that are high in fat and sugar.
Sleeping. Young adults need about
7 to 9 hours of sleep per night.
Poor sleep makes them less alert and cause problems at work or school. Follow
a relaxing bedtime routine and turn off devices, including phones and computers, before
Physical activity. Each week, young adults should aim for 150
minutes of moderate physical activity (like fast walking) or 75 minutes of vigorous
activity (like running).
Growth and development. By 21, it's common for young adults to:
develop a sense of self
value individual relationships over peer groups
become more independent from parents
think abstractly to solve problems
have long-term plans for the future
5. Do aphysical
exam. The doctor will look at the skin and listen to the heart and lungs.
Young women will undergo a pelvic exam or be referred to a gynecologist. In guys,
the doctor will check the testicles for masses and varicocele (swollen veins).
6. Update immunizations.Immunizations
can protect people from serious illnesses, so it's important to get them on time.
Immunization schedules vary from office to office, so talk to the doctor about what
Continue to pursue areas of interest, including art, music, exercise, and community
Take responsibility for school and work. Lean on family members,
a health care professional, or other trusted adult for support in areas where you
Learn strategies for coping
with stress, such as exercise, meditation, or talking to friends and
Be aware of signs of depression, which can include irritability, depressed
mood, loss of interest in activities, poor academic performance, and talk of suicide.
Get professional help if you're depressed.
Don't drink and drive. Never get in a car with someone who has
been drinking or using drugs. Instead, make plans with a designated driver or call
for a ride.
injuries by not keeping a gun in the home. If you do have a gun,
keep it unloaded and locked away. Ammunition should be locked up separately.
Talk to your doctor if you're concerned about your living situation.Do
you have enough food, a safe place to live, and health
insurance? You doctor can point you toward community resources or refer you to
a social worker who can help.
These checkup sheets are consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics
(AAP)/Bright Futures guidelines.