When Hodgkin disease is suspected, doctors will order a number of tests.
A biopsy of the lymph node is usually the first test.
The two types of biopsies are:
Core biopsy: The doctor numbs part of the body with local anesthesia and
uses a hollow needle to remove a small amount of tissue from the lymph node.
Incisional biopsy or excisional biopsy: An anesthesiologist gives
so the patient is asleep for the procedure and doesn't feel pain. The doctor opens
the skin to remove the entire enlarged lymph node (excisional) or only part of it
If the biopsy confirms Hodgkin lymphoma, more tests might be done to see if the
cancer has spread. These include:
This treatment uses high-energy X-rays to shrink tumors and prevent them from growing.
Also called X-ray therapy.
Clinical trials: These are ways to test new cancer treatments
or compare them with existing treatments. These are often aimed at decreasing overall
Treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma is successful for most teens. The treatment used
is based on staging. Staging is a way to describe how much cancer
is in the body and where it is at the time of diagnosis. The stage at diagnosis can
help the cancer team choose the best therapy and predict how someone with lymphoma
will do in the long term.
What Are the Side Effects of Treatment of Hodgkin Lymphoma?
Treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma destroys good cells along with bad ones. This can
cause side effects.
Intensive lymphoma treatment affects the bone marrow, causing anemia,
easy bleeding, and increasing the risk for serious infections.
short-term side effects: hair loss, increased risk of
infection, nausea and vomiting
long-term side effects: heart, thyroid, and kidney damage; fertility
problems; the development of another cancer later in life
Most teens with Hodgkin lymphoma are cured, meaning they will have long-term cancer-free
If you have or have had Hodgkin lymphoma, it's important to see your doctor regularly
for many years following treatment. Occasionally, cancer may return, and follow-up
appointments with your cancer specialist can help you catch it early if it does. Your
doctor will also watch for any late side effects of your treatment.
for cancer can feel overwhelming for anyone. But you're not alone. To find support,
talk to your doctor or a hospital social worker. Many resources are available to help
you get through this difficult time.
You also can find information and support online at: