An enthesopathy (en-thuh-SOP-uh-thee) is any disease that affects the places where
tendons, ligaments, or muscles
attach to bones.
More to Know
The place where a ligament, tendon, or muscle attaches to a bone is called an enthesis
(plural: entheses). Any disorder that causes pain, swelling, irritation, or damage
in entheses can be considered an enthesopathy.
Common enthesopathies include arthritis (inflammation of the joints), Achilles
tendonitis (inflammation of the Achilles tendon), plantar fasciitis (inflammation
of connective tissue on the bottom of the foot), and ankylosing
spondylitis (inflammation of joints in the spine).
Enthesopathies such as arthritis can be short-term — lasting just a few weeks
or months, then going away forever — or they can be chronic and last for months
or years. In rare cases, they can last a lifetime.
Enthesopathies can cause swelling, loss of motion, severe pain, and tenderness
at the site of the affected entheses. Treatment for an enthesopathy depends on the
condition, but it usually involves medications to treat pain and reduce swelling,
and physical therapy
to restore use and function of the joints.
Keep in Mind
Many kinds of enthesopathy, such as tendonitis and fasciitis, may eventually go
away, but others can be lifelong conditions. Treatment and physical therapy for enthesopathies
can help reduce pain, increase flexibility and range of motion, and lessen the effects
of the condition.
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