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A baby born with an omphalocele has an opening where the umbilical cord goes into
the belly. Some openings close on their own, but many need treatment, including surgery.
An intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is bleeding in and around the brain’s ventricles.
Most babies with a mild IVH do well.
Babies who are born prematurely or who experience respiratory problems shortly after
birth are at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), sometimes called chronic lung
Gastroschisis is when a baby is born with the intestines, and sometimes other organs,
sticking out through a hole in the belly wall near the umbilical cord.
Sometimes when babies are born premature, they have trouble breathing. This can be
caused by respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Learn what RDS is, and how babies can
Meconium aspiration can happen before, during, or after labor and delivery when a
newborn inhales a mixture of meconium and amniotic fluid. Although it can be serious,
most cases are not.
For some newborns, the first few breaths of life may be faster and more labored than
normal because of a lung condition called transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN).
Babies can develop a flat spot on the back of their heads, usually from sleeping in
the same position too long. Alternating your baby's sleep position and providing lots
of "tummy time" can help.
Intrauterine growth restriction is when a baby in the womb doesn't grow at the expected
rate during the pregnancy. Women with IUGR should eat a healthy diet; get enough sleep;
and avoid alcohol, drugs, and tobacco.
Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is a condition in which premature infants stop breathing
for 15 to 20 seconds during sleep. AOP usually goes away on its own as a baby matures.