Trichomoniasisenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/T-stdTrichomoniasis-enHD-AR2.jpgTrichomoniasis is a curable disease that can be passed from one person to another during sex. The good news is that it can be prevented. Read about how to protect yourself.intercourse, sexually transmitted diseases, infections, protection, condoms, rubbers, birth control, chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, hepatitis b, hiv virus, aids, pelvic inflammatory disease, pubic lice, syphilis, trichomoniasis, trich, trick, stds, vaginitis, gynecologists, oral sex, prevention, infertility, signs and symptoms, treatments, bacteria, blood, urine, penises, vaginas, anuses, anal sex, urethra, viruses, sores, warts, vaginitis, cervix, ovaries, uteruses, testicles, scrotum, crabs, contagious, discharge, itching down there, itchy vagina03/22/200008/01/201809/02/2019Amy W. Anzilotti, MD07/30/2018e204cdf1-284a-4de2-a3cd-e7a65a51e6a0https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-trichomoniasis.html/<h3>What Is Trichomoniasis?</h3> <p>Trichomoniasis (often called &quot;trich&quot;) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD).</p> <h3>What Are STDs?</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std.html/">STDs</a> (also called sexually transmitted infections or STIs) are infections that spread through sex (vaginal, oral, or anal). Some STDs can spread through close contact with the genitals or body fluids.</p> <h3>How Do People Get Trichomoniasis?</h3> <p>Trichomoniasis (trik-uh-muh-NEYE-uh-siss) spreads between men and women through vaginal sex. Women can spread trich to other women through sexual contact. Men do not usually get trich from other men.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Trichomoniasis?</h3> <p>Many people with trich have no symptoms. They can spread the infection to others without knowing it.</p> <p>In females, symptoms can include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/vdischarge2.html/">vaginal discharge</a>, which can smell bad</li> <li>itching, redness, and tenderness in or around the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/female-repro.html/">vagina</a></li> <li>pain when peeing</li> <li>pain during sex</li> <li>bleeding after sex</li> </ul> <p>In males, symptoms can include:</p> <ul> <li>discharge from the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/male-repro.html/">penis</a></li> <li>pain or burning when peeing</li> <li>discomfort after ejaculation</li> </ul> <h3>What Causes Trichomoniasis?</h3> <p>Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite&nbsp;called <em>Trichomonas vaginalis</em>.</p> <h3>How Is Trichomoniasis Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To find out if someone has trich, health care providers do tests on:</p> <ul> <li>discharge taken from the vagina or cervix (opening to the womb) in girls</li> <li>discharge taken from the urethra in guys</li> <li>pee</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Trichomoniasis Treated?</h3> <p>Health care providers treat trichomoniasis with&nbsp; antibiotics . All sexual partners from the past 2 months need treatment too, even if they don't have signs of trichomoniasis.</p> <p>Avoid drinking alcohol while taking the antibiotic and for 3 days after finishing it. Drinking alcohol while taking the antibiotic for trich can cause a fast heart rate, nausea, and vomiting.</p> <p>People can get trichomoniasis again if:</p> <ul> <li>their partners aren't treated</li> <li>they get treated but then have sex with someone else who has trichomoniasis</li> </ul> <h3>What Problems Can Happen?</h3> <p>Females who don't get treatment for trichomoniasis have a greater chance of:</p> <ul> <li>fertility problems (trouble getting pregnant)</li> <li>developing cervical cancer</li> <li>getting <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-hiv.html/">HIV</a> if they have sex with someone who has HIV</li> </ul> <p>Males who don't get treatment for trichomoniasis have a greater chance of:</p> <ul> <li>swelling and irritation of the tubes at the back of the testicles</li> <li>swelling and irritation in the prostate</li> <li>fertility problems (trouble getting a woman pregnant)</li> <li>developing prostate cancer</li> </ul> <h3>Can Trichomoniasis Be Prevented?</h3> <p>The only way to prevent trichomoniasis and other STDs is to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/abstinence.html/">not have sex</a> (oral, vaginal, or anal). If you decide to have sex, using a latex condom every time can prevent most STDs.</p> <p>If you're sexually active,&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-testing.html/">get tested for STDs</a> every year, or more often if recommended by your health care provider.</p>
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