Salmonellosisenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/T-salmonellosis-enHD-AR1.jpgPeople often think of salmonellosis as food poisoning, but food is only one way the bacteria Salmonella can be spread.salmonella bacteria, salmonellosis, reptiles, food safety, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, gastrointestinal infections, animal feces, infected food handlers, good hygiene habits, foodborne illnesses, avoiding raw or undercooked meats, poultry, or eggs, typhoid fever, infectious diseases, general pediatrics, adolescent medicine, gastroenterology07/31/200012/06/201709/02/2019Rebecca L. Gill, MD11/04/20174c9aa097-9055-452f-a15a-b78978d2a675https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/salmonellosis.html/<h3>What Is <em>Salmonella</em>?</h3> <p><em>Salmonella</em> is a kind of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/">bacteria</a>, with many different types. The type responsible for most infections in humans is carried by chickens, cows, pigs, and reptiles (such as turtles, lizards, and iguanas).</p> <h3>What Is <em>Salmonella</em> Infection?</h3> <p><em>Salmonella</em> infection, or <strong> salmonellosis </strong> , is a foodborne illness caused by infection with <em>Salmonella</em> bacteria. Most infections spread to people through contaminated food (usually meat, poultry, eggs, or milk).</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of <em>Salmonella</em> Infection?</h3> <p>A <em>Salmonella</em> infection typically causes:</p> <ul> <li>nausea and vomiting</li> <li>abdominal cramps</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a> (sometimes bloody)</li> <li>fever</li> <li>headache</li> </ul> <p><em>Salmonella</em> infections usually clear up without medical treatment.</p> <h3>How Do People Get <em>Salmonella</em> Infections?</h3> <p><em>Salmonella</em> bacteria are often found in the feces (poop) of some animals, particularly reptiles. People who have these animals as pets can get salmonellosis if they handle the reptiles and get the bacteria on their hands.</p> <p>Salmonella can spread to people in foods contaminated by infected animal feces. This can happen when foods such as poultry, eggs, and beef are not cooked enough. Fruit and vegetables can also be contaminated from feces in the soil or water where they're grown.</p> <h3>Are <em>Salmonella</em>&nbsp;Infections Contagious?</h3> <p>Yes. People with salmonellosis can spread the infection from several days to several weeks after they've been infected — even if their symptoms have disappeared or they've been treated with antibiotics.</p> <h3>Who Is at Risk for <em>Salmonella</em> Infections?</h3> <p>Not everyone who ingests <em>Salmonella</em> bacteria will become ill. Children, especially infants, are most likely to get sick from it.&nbsp;</p> <p>People at risk for more serious complications from a <em>Salmonella</em> infection include those who:</p> <ul class="kh_lognline_list"> <li>are very young, especially babies</li> <li>have problems with their <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/immune.html/">immune systems</a> (such as people with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-hiv.html/">HIV</a>)</li> <li>take cancer-fighting drugs or drugs that affect their immune system</li> <li>have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sickle-cell-anemia.html/">sickle cell disease</a></li> <li>have an absent or nonfunctioning spleen</li> <li>take chronic stomach acid suppression medicine</li> </ul> <p>In these higher-risk groups, most doctors will treat an infection with <strong>antibiotics</strong> to prevent it from spreading to other parts of the body. Antibiotics do not appear to help a healthy person whose infection is not severe — and may actually lengthen the amount of time the person will carry the bacteria.</p> <h3>How Are <em>Salmonella</em> Infections Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Because many different illnesses can cause similar symptoms (such as nausea, fever, cramping, and diarrhea), doctors may send a stool (poop) sample to the lab for testing.</p> <p>A severe <em>Salmonella</em> infection will require more testing to see which specific germ is causing the illness and which antibiotics can be used to treat it.</p> <h3>How Are <em>Salmonella</em> Infections Treated?</h3> <p>If you have salmonellosis and a healthy immune system, your doctor may let the infection pass without giving any medicines.</p> <p>If you have a fever, you may want to take acetaminophen to lower the temperature and relieve cramping. As with any infection that causes diarrhea, it's important to drink plenty of liquids to avoid <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/dehydration.html/">dehydration</a>.</p> <h3>How Long Does a <em>Salmonella</em> Infection Last?</h3> <p>Salmonellosis symptoms can take from 6 to 72 hours to start after someone ingests the bacteria. In most people, the illness lasts for 4 to 7 days after symptoms begin.</p> <h3>Can <em>Salmonella</em> Infections Be Prevented?</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/handwashing.html/">Hand washing</a> is a powerful way to guard against <em>Salmonella</em> infections. So wash your hands well and often, particularly after trips to the bathroom and before handling food.</p> <p>Here are some other ways to protect yourself from <em>Salmonella</em> infections:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/">Cook food</a> thoroughly.</strong> <em>Salmonella</em> bacteria are most commonly found in animal products and can be killed by the heat of cooking. Don't serve raw or undercooked eggs, poultry, or meat. Microwaving is not a reliable way to kill the bacteria.</li> <li><strong>Handle eggs carefully.</strong> Because <em>Salmonella</em> bacteria can contaminate even intact and disinfected grade A eggs, cook them well and avoid serving poached or sunny-side up eggs (with runny yolks).</li> <li><strong>Avoid foods that might contain raw ingredients.</strong> Caesar salad dressing, the Italian dessert tiramisu, homemade ice cream, chocolate mousse, eggnog, cookie dough, and frostings can contain raw eggs. Unpasteurized milk and juices also can be contaminated with <em>Salmonella</em>.</li> <li><strong>Clean cooking surfaces regularly.</strong> Keep uncooked meats away from cooked and ready-to-eat foods. Thoroughly wash your hands, cutting boards, counters, and knives after handling uncooked foods.</li> <li><strong>Take care with pets.</strong> Avoid contact with the feces of family pets — especially reptiles. Wash your hands well after handling an animal.</li> <li><strong>Don't cook food for others if you are sick</strong>, especially if you have vomiting or diarrhea.</li> <li><strong>Keep food chilled.</strong> Don't leave cooked food out for more than 2 hours after serving (1 hour on a hot day) and store it promptly.</li> </ul>La salmonelosisLa salmonelosis es una enfermedad trasmitida por los alimentos y causada por bacterias de Salmonella.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/salmonellosis-esp.html/482d5cd3-e072-4d7b-8bff-b507404ad9c5
DiarrheaNearly everybody gets diarrhea every once in a while, and it's usually caused by gastrointestinal infections. It's nothing to be embarrassed about. Read this article to learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diarrhea.html/a6f9f493-2ca8-437a-b4bb-4909ac75b2fc
E. ColiUndercooked burgers and unwashed produce are among the foods that can harbor E. coli bacteria and lead to infection and severe diarrhea. Here's how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/e-coli.html/e50859c8-aed8-4e36-80cf-946493dc4f12
Food PoisoningThe germs that get into food and cause food poisoning are tiny, but can have a powerful effect on the body. Find out what to do if you get food poisoning - and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-poisoning.html/ec41bcb2-5d7d-441c-babe-7ca56fab3889
Food SafetyLearn why food safety is important and how you can avoid the spread of bacteria when you are buying, preparing, and storing food.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/c6a206a5-5abf-4711-bbc3-86943d8a9e36
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantDid you know that the most important thing you can do to keep from getting sick is to wash your hands? If you don't wash your hands frequently, you can pick up germs from other sources and then infect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/handwashing.html/83630582-a0c6-4b77-97f9-6b26970fd4af
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:age-youngAdultEighteenPluskh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseStomach & Intestinal Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/infections/intestinal/674d16c2-4c28-430d-9a5b-d4fb23295552Bacteria & Viruseshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/infections/bacterial-viral/b7dc4878-3709-426e-b9f5-a4e65c39af05