Repetitive Stress Injuries in Sportsenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_03_2.jpgRepetitive stress injuries (RSIs) happen when movements are repeated over and over, damaging a bone, tendon, or joint. overuse injuries, RSI, repetitive stress injuries, knock-knees, bowlegs, unequal leg lengths, flat feet, high arches, stress fractures, swimmer’s shoulder, pitching elbow, runner’s knee, jumper’s knee, Achilles tendinitis, Sever’s disease, Osgood Schlatter disease, shin splints, 01/03/201905/22/201905/22/2019Alvin Su, MD01/14/2019b3ae50d0-7719-4266-a8c8-6b3c19102540https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/repetitive-stress-sports.html/<h3>What Are Repetitive Stress Injuries?</h3> <p>Repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) happen when movements are repeated over and over, causing damage to a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bone</a>, tendon, or joint.&nbsp;</p> <h3>What Causes Repetitive Stress Injuries in Sports?</h3> <p>Repeated motions in sports cause many RSIs (or <strong>overuse injuries</strong>). RSIs are most likely to happen in the area of <strong>growth plates</strong>. A growth plate is a layer of cartilage near the end of a bone where most of the bone's growth happens. It is weaker and more at risk for injury than the rest of the bone.</p> <h3>Who Gets Repetitive Stress Injuries?</h3> <p>Anyone can get an RSI from sports. But they're more likely to happen if someone:</p> <ul> <li>trains too much or doesn't train properly</li> <li>has weakness from an old injury</li> </ul> <p>Common RSIs that happen in young athletes include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/stress-fractures.html/">stress fractures</a></li> <li>swimmer's shoulder</li> <li>pitching elbow</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/runners-knee.html/">runner's knee</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/jumpers-knee.html/">jumper's knee</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/achilles.html/">Achilles tendonitis</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osgood.html/">Osgood-Schlatter disease</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/shin-splints.html/">shin splints</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/severs-disease.html/">Sever's disease</a></li> </ul> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Repetitive Stress Injuries?</h3> <p>Signs and symptoms of RSIs include:</p> <ul> <li>pain</li> <li>swelling</li> <li>redness</li> <li>stiffness&nbsp;</li> <li>weakness</li> </ul> <h3>How Are Repetitive Stress Injuries Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose RSIs, health care providers ask about symptoms and physical activities and do an exam. If needed, an imaging study such as an X-ray, MRI, or bone scan may be done.</p> <h3>How Are Repetitive Stress Injuries Treated?</h3> <p>Slowing down now can help you get back to sports as soon as possible. Health care providers usually recommend some or all of the following for an RSI:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Rest:</strong> You may need to either cut down or completely stop activities until the RSI heals.</li> <li><strong>Change in training:</strong> If allowed to train, you may need to do less intense training, train for shorter times, or train less often.</li> <li><strong>Cold:</strong> To help with swelling and irritation, apply an ice or a cold pack to the sore area every 1–2 hours, for 15 minutes at a time. (Put a thin towel over the skin to protect it from the cold.)&nbsp;</li> <li><strong>Medicine:</strong> Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, or store brand) can help with pain and swelling. Follow the directions that come with the medicine for how much to take and how often.</li> <li><strong>Physical therapy:</strong> <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/">PT</a> helps keep muscles and joints strong and flexible.</li> <li><strong>Elastic bandage or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/splints.html/">splint</a>:</strong> Wearing one of these can support the sore area and help ease swelling.</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sport-safety.html/">Sports</a> are a great way to learn new skills, work with peers and coaches, challenge yourself, and stay in shape. But it's important to enjoy them safely. To help you avoid repetitive stress injuries:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Limit the number of teams you play on per season.</li> <li>Play different sports throughout the year.</li> <li>Make sure that your <a class="kh_anchor">coaches</a> encourage safe training.</li> </ul>Lesiones por esfuerzo repetitivo en los deportesLas lesiones por esfuerzo repetitivo ocurren cuando los movimientos se repiten una y otra vez, y provocan un daño en un hueso, un tendón o una articulación. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/repetitive-stress-sports-esp.html/09fbd108-17a2-493e-8c37-683f6a9808aa
5 Ways to Prepare for Your Sports SeasonHow can you get ready to play your best season ever? Read these tips for teen athletes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/tips-sports.html/67caef23-a43f-4809-92a0-dbeb5c548d2f
Achilles TendonitisIf the tendon just above your heel becomes swollen or irritated due to overuse, it can lead to a painful condition called Achilles tendonitis. Find out how to treat it - and prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/achilles.html/b76164e9-b222-48bb-8113-4e1df39b9672
BursitisBursitis, an irritation of the small fluid sacs that provide cushioning in some joints, is often caused by sports-related injuries or repeated use of a particular joint.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bursitis.html/35129f6a-a66c-4dce-94c1-890f6ef07812
Dealing With Sports InjuriesYou practiced hard and made sure you wore protective gear, but you still got hurt. Read this article to find out how to take care of sports injuries - and how to avoid getting them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-injuries.html/e49f63c7-6ae0-446e-a953-4b458a82eaeb
Jumper's KneeJumper's knee is an overuse injury that happens when frequent jumping, running, and changing direction damages the patellar tendon.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/jumpers-knee.html/16b92a66-48a6-4473-ba2e-87bbe0566229
Knee InjuriesHealthy knees are needed for many activities and sports and getting hurt can mean some time sitting on the sidelines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/knee-injuries.html/0e348562-5958-4a91-96ad-c8affb5fff4f
Osgood-Schlatter DiseaseOsgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is an overuse injury that can cause knee pain in teens, especially during growth spurts. Learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osgood.html/585217d8-dfd4-4357-94f9-431b2791d355
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)Patellofemoral pain syndrome (or runner's knee) is the most common overuse injury among runners, but it can also happen to other athletes who do activities that require a lot of knee bending.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/runners-knee.html/4589da1f-0851-45ac-a408-8ce20ef2c72b
Proximal Biceps TendonitisIn teens, biceps tendonitis is usually an overuse injury that causes tendons in the upper arm to be swollen or irritated. Most cases heal on their own if you follow a few guidelines from your doctor.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/biceps-tendonitis.html/19b0bab4-8209-41f7-91d3-e6bc0560bf95
Safety Tips: BaseballBaseball is by no means a dangerous sport. But it can present a very real risk of injuries from things like wild pitches, batted balls, and collisions in the field.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-baseball.html/64b5e79c-bf80-4a50-8084-f711cb03bde7
Safety Tips: BasketballIt's fun to play and great exercise, but basketball is also a contact sport, and injuries happen. To stay safe on the basketball court, follow these safety tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-basketball.html/2189333a-d064-4af8-93db-5e43e490bed5
Safety Tips: GolfWhile it may seem silly to think of golf and danger in the same sentence, injuries can and do happen. To learn how to stay safe on the golf course, take a look at these safety tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-golf.html/902be2d2-73fc-4c1c-ae0a-38c0b61b7320
Safety Tips: TennisInjuries in tennis are rare, but it's good to be aware before you play. To minimize your risk of injury while playing tennis, follow these safety tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-tennis.html/267f19de-eb9f-4895-8132-7ac29cc510b5
Safety Tips: VolleyballFollowing these tips can help protect you from injuries while playing volleyball.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-volleyball.html/6f9eecae-5009-461c-9631-059a3cfd01fe
Sever's DiseaseSever's disease, a common heel injury, is due to inflammation (swelling) of the growth plate in the heel. While painful, it's only temporary and has no long-term effects.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/severs-disease.html/bb2dcd46-ec56-4b89-a3f4-dabd6d1935b8
Shin SplintsShin splints are pain on the inner part of the shinbone, often from running or another high-impact activity. They get better with rest.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/shin-splints.html/41a7c730-05e8-4753-a471-e64cc986ad95
Sinding-Larsen-Johansson SyndromeThis growth-related injury is more common in teens who play sports that require a lot of running or jumping. Find out why it happens - and what you can do to avoid and treat it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/slj-syndrome.html/01388158-9af8-4a68-b827-a51a5b561ff6
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsSportsMedSports Safety (for Teens)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety/sports-safety/09431b8a-e885-4944-9571-82266099dbeeSports Injuries for Teenshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-center/injuries/18720942-0829-4420-9a67-f8b644bb00b4Bones, Muscles & Joints (for Teens)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diseases-conditions/bones/7860c047-e722-4a4c-b1f8-2fd11271b697Training & Performance for Teenshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-center/training/973b23f6-3bc7-4d0c-89c4-fe12239446f8