Osgood-Schlatter Diseaseenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/T-osgoodSchlatter-enHD-AR1.jpgOsgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is an overuse injury that can cause knee pain in teens, especially during growth spurts. Learn more.osgood-schlatter disease, growth spurt, knee pain, sore knee, inflammation, pain during exercise, growth rate, overuse injuries, sports safety, physical therapist, knee inflammation, stress fracture, knee injuries, stretching exercises, swelling, when can i play sports again07/31/200004/01/201909/02/2019Alvin Su, MD01/14/2019585217d8-dfd4-4357-94f9-431b2791d355https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osgood.html/<h3>What Is Osgood-Schlatter Disease?</h3> <p>Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is swelling and irritation of the growth plate at the top of the shinbone. A growth plate is a layer of cartilage near the end of a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bone</a> where most of the bone's growth happens. It is weaker and more at risk for injury than the rest of the bone.</p> <p>OSD goes away when a person stops growing and usually doesn't cause lasting problems.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter Disease?</h3> <p>OSD typically causes pain and swelling below the kneecap. The pain usually gets worse with running, jumping, going up stairs, and walking up hills. Severe pain may lead to limping. OSD can happen in one or both knees.</p> <h3>What Causes Osgood-Schlatter Disease?</h3> <p>Osgood-Schlatter disease happens during the growth spurt of puberty, when the bones, muscles, and tendons grow at different rates. In OSD, the tendon that connects the shinbone to the kneecap pulls on the growth plate at the top of the shinbone. Activities and sports cause this to happen over and over, which causes injury to the growth plate. This injury leads to the pain of OSD.</p> <p><img class="center_this" title="Diagram shows the knee, kneecap, tendon, thighbone, shinbone, and shinbone growth plate. Osgood-Schlatter disease happens when the tendon pulls on the growth plate of the shinbone over and over again" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/osgoodSchlatter-415x233-rd6-enIL.png" alt="Diagram shows the knee, kneecap, tendon, thighbone, shinbone, and shinbone growth plate. Osgood-Schlatter disease happens when the tendon pulls on the growth plate of the shinbone over and over again" /></p> <h3>Who Gets Osgood-Schlatter Disease?</h3> <p>OSD usually happens in kids and teens who are:</p> <ul> <li>in their growth spurt (usually around 9&ndash;14 years old)</li> <li>active in sports or activities that involve a lot of running or jumping</li> </ul> <p>OSD is an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/repetitive-stress-sports.html/">overuse injury</a>. This means it happens when someone does the same movements over and over again.</p> <h3>How Is Osgood-Schlatter Disease Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose Osgood-Schlatter disease, health care providers:</p> <ul> <li>ask about physical activities</li> <li>do an exam</li> </ul> <p>Usually no testing is needed. Sometimes the health care provider orders an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/video-xray.html/">X-ray</a> to check for other knee problems.</p> <h3>How Is Osgood-Schlatter Disease Treated?</h3> <p>Someone with Osgood-Schlatter disease needs to limit activities that cause pain that makes it hard to do that activity. For example, if you feel a little pain when <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-running.html/">running</a> it's OK to keep running. But if running causes a limp, stop and rest. When the pain is better (usually after a day or two), you can try the activity again.</p> <p>Sometimes health care providers recommend <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/">physical therapy (PT)</a> to keep leg muscles strong and flexible while you get better. It doesn't happen often, but some teens might need a total break from all sports and physical activities.</p> <p>To feel more comfortable while healing from OSD:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Put ice or a cold pack on the knee every 1&ndash;2 hours for 15 minutes at a time. Put a thin towel between the ice and your skin to protect it from the cold.</li> <li>If your health care provider says it's OK, you can take ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, or store brand) or acetaminophen (Tylenol or store brand). Follow the directions that come with the medicine for how much to take and how often.</li> </ul> <h3>How Long Does Osgood-Schlatter Disease Last?</h3> <p>Osgood-Schlatter disease usually goes away when the bones stop growing. Typically, this is when a teen is between 14 and 18 years old.</p> <h3>Can Teens With Osgood-Schlatter Disease Still Do Sports?</h3> <p>Yes, teens with OSD can usually do their normal activities, including sports, as long as:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>The pain is not bad enough to interfere with the activity.</li> <li>The pain gets better within 1 day with rest.</li> </ul> <p>If you play sports, it can help to:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Wear shock-absorbing insoles in your sneakers and cleats.</li> <li>Put a heating pad or warm washcloth on the knee for 15 minutes before sports.</li> <li>Put ice on the knee for 15 minutes after the activity (with a towel between the ice and the skin).</li> <li>Wear protective kneepads, especially for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-wrestling.html/">wrestling</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-basketball.html/">basketball</a>, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-volleyball.html/">volleyball</a>.</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/stretching.html/">Stretch</a> before and after sports.</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Long-term effects of OSD usually aren't serious. Some teens may have a painless bump below the knee that doesn't go away. Very rarely, doctors will do surgery to remove a painful bump below the knee.</p> <p>Some adults who had OSD as kids or teens have some pain with kneeling. If you still have knee pain after your bones stop growing, see your health care provider. The provider can check for other causes of knee pain.</p>Enfermedad de Osgood-SchlatterLa enfermedad de Osgood-Schlatter desaparece cuando una persona deja de crecer y, en general, no causa problemas a largo plazo.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/osgood-esp.html/e3c26830-7111-416b-9af8-ce4e0ce3ede4
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) TearsACL injuries can happen in active and athletic kids when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/acl-injuries.html/8c642a43-5cbd-42c2-b5a2-1387d91a6f3c
Bones, Muscles, and JointsOur bones, muscles, and joints form our musculoskeletal system and enable us to do everyday physical activities.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/d55a922b-e87a-49e0-82ae-0c5a0773cee9
Dealing With Sports InjuriesYou practiced hard and made sure you wore protective gear, but you still got hurt. Read this article to find out how to take care of sports injuries - and how to avoid getting them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-injuries.html/e49f63c7-6ae0-446e-a953-4b458a82eaeb
Dealing With Stress In SportsWinning is all that matters when you play sports, right? Not when that means you can't even enjoy the game. Read about how to handle sports pressure and competition.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-pressure.html/727cd770-30cc-43b1-90cd-fc2e4673eba0
Jumper's KneeJumper's knee is an overuse injury that happens when frequent jumping, running, and changing direction damages the patellar tendon.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/jumpers-knee.html/16b92a66-48a6-4473-ba2e-87bbe0566229
Knee InjuriesHealthy knees are needed for many activities and sports and getting hurt can mean some time sitting on the sidelines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/knee-injuries.html/0e348562-5958-4a91-96ad-c8affb5fff4f
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) InjuriesMCL injuries happen when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, causing a torn ligament.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/mcl-injuries.html/644d3430-58bf-4fa4-a27d-a379712896fe
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)Patellofemoral pain syndrome (or runner's knee) is the most common overuse injury among runners, but it can also happen to other athletes who do activities that require a lot of knee bending.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/runners-knee.html/4589da1f-0851-45ac-a408-8ce20ef2c72b
Physical TherapyPhysical therapy helps people get back to full strength and movement - and manage pain - in key parts of the body after an illness or injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/d292496f-1bf8-4949-9563-f0436e185c33
Repetitive Stress Injuries in SportsRepetitive stress injuries (RSIs) happen when movements are repeated over and over, damaging a bone, tendon, or joint. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/repetitive-stress-sports.html/b3ae50d0-7719-4266-a8c8-6b3c19102540
Sports PhysicalsJust as professional sports stars need medical care to keep them playing their best, so do student athletes. That's why it's important to get a sports physical.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-physicals.html/ee98a07c-236a-4a5d-a10f-47ece0074f7a
Sports and Exercise SafetyPlaying hard doesn't have to mean getting hurt. The best way to ensure a long and injury-free athletic career is to play it safe from the start. Find out how.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sport-safety.html/cbffad82-3814-4cbc-8758-dd3aac78c363
StretchingYou may have heard mixed things about stretching before working out. Here are the cold, hard facts on warming up, stretching, and cooling down.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/stretching.html/a43b4d2c-2505-4d43-a9a7-feb8cc13cb14
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:age-youngAdultEighteenPluskh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsSportsMedSportshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/nutrition-fitness-center/sports/06ada184-a5c7-4aea-9e27-e72aa47566f6Sportshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-fitness/sports/28a0af77-de2a-42f5-9cf0-7344ab1991f8Sports Injuries for Teenshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-center/injuries/18720942-0829-4420-9a67-f8b644bb00b4Bones, Muscles & Joints (for Teens)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diseases-conditions/bones/7860c047-e722-4a4c-b1f8-2fd11271b697https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/osgoodSchlatter-415x233-rd6-enIL.png