Metabolic Syndromeenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/T-metabolicSyndrome-enHD-AR1.jpgMetabolic syndrome is a signal that someone could be on the road to serious health problems. Find out more in this article for teens.teen, teens, weight, overweight, obese, obesity, fat, blood pressure, high blood pressure, blood presure, cholesterol, diabetes, risk, blood sugar, high blood sugar, glucose, insulin, pancreas, insulin resistance, insulin resistence03/01/201012/09/201912/09/2019Chijioke Ikomi, MD11/25/2019a5d09e18-81fe-412b-9dcf-733f2c67d350https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/metabolic-syndrome.html/<h3>What Is Metabolic Syndrome?</h3> <p>Metabolic syndrome is a group of medical problems that put some teens at risk for heart disease and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/type2.html/">type 2 diabetes</a> as adults. These problems are:</p> <ul> <li>too much belly fat (high waist measurement)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/hypertension.html/">high blood pressure (hypertension)</a></li> <li>high triglycerides</li> <li>low HDL <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cholesterol.html/">cholesterol</a> (&quot;good cholesterol&quot;)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/high-blood-sugar.html/">high blood sugar</a></li> </ul> <p>The chances of developing these problems go up if someone is <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity-overweight.html/">overweight</a>.</p> <h3>What Causes Metabolic Syndrome?</h3> <p>Being overweight is the main reason that people get metabolic syndrome. Being overweight or obese causes <strong>insulin resistance</strong>. Normally, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/insulin.html/">insulin</a> helps <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/glucose.html/">glucose</a> enter the body's cells. Insulin resistance happens when the body doesn't respond properly to insulin, making it harder for glucose to enter the cells. Insulin resistance and inflammation add to the problems linked to metabolic syndrome.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome?</h3> <p>Teens with metabolic syndrome may have:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bmi.html/">high body mass index (BMI)</a> and waist circumference&nbsp;</li> <li>blood test results that show high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, or high fasting <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/track-blood-sugar.html/">blood sugar</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/acanthosis.html/">acanthosis nigricans</a>. This darkening of the skin in folds and creases, like the neck and armpits, is a sign of insulin resistance.</li> </ul> <p>Other medical problems associated with metabolic syndrome and obesity include:</p> <ul> <li>fatty liver</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pcos.html/">polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)</a></li> <li>obstructive sleep apnea</li> </ul> <h3>Who Gets Metabolic Syndrome?</h3> <p>Some normal weight teens can have high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease. But most teens with metabolic syndrome are overweight. As <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity.html/">obesity</a> gets worse, metabolic syndrome becomes more likely.</p> <p>Obesity and the problems associated with metabolic syndrome tend to run in families. Other things that put someone at risk for metabolic syndrome include:</p> <ul> <li>not being physically active</li> <li>a high-<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/carbohydrate.html/">carbohydrate</a> diet</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/smoking.html/">smoking</a></li> </ul> <h3>How Is Metabolic Syndrome Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Finding out that you have metabolic syndrome can help you take steps to prevent diseases down the road.</p> <p>Doctors might suspect metabolic syndrome if an overweight or obese teen has acanthosis nigricans or a family history of diabetes or heart disease. They may do:</p> <ul> <li>a BMI and waist measurement</li> <li>measure blood pressure</li> <li>blood tests</li> </ul> <p>Because metabolic syndrome and obesity tend to go hand-in-hand, doctors might order more tests to look for other weight-related problems, like fatty liver, PCOS, and apnea.</p> <h3>How Is Metabolic Syndrome Treated?</h3> <p>The good news is that you can do many things to help keep yourself from getting the health problems that metabolic syndrome can lead to.</p> <p>Making lifestyle changes is the best way to get yourself on a track to good health. Here are the top ones:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Drop excess pounds.</strong> If you're overweight, even a moderate amount of weight loss can bring about big improvements in your blood pressure, blood lipid levels, and your body's ability to use insulin.</li> <li><strong>Stop sitting and start moving.</strong>&nbsp;Even a 30-minute walk each day can greatly improve how insulin works in your body, and help your blood pressure and blood lipid levels.</li> <li><strong>Eat mindfully.</strong> Think of food as fuel and try to get the right foods into your diet. Choose complex carbs instead of simple carbs (whole-grain bread instead of white bread, brown rice instead of white rice, etc.). Get more <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fiber.html/">fiber</a> by eating more beans, fruits, and vegetables. Choose more foods with &quot;healthy&quot; fats like olive oil and nuts, and avoid the empty calories in soda and sweets.</li> <li><strong>Don't smoke. If you do smoke, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/quit-smoking.html/">quit</a>.</strong> No surprise here — it's about the worst thing you can do for your heart and lungs.</li> </ul> <p>When lifestyle changes aren't enough, teens may need treatment for the medical problems, like hypertension. Doctors might recommend <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bariatric.html/">weight loss surgery</a> for some teens with metabolic syndrome and severe obesity who do not respond to lifestyle changes.</p> <p>It can be hard to make changes now when your thirties and forties seem like a world away. But think about what you want your life to look like then. Maybe you see a family, friends, a home, a career, and good times. But the daily effects of living with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/type2.html/">diabetes</a> or heart disease can put those dreams out of reach. So do what you can now to keep those problems from happening later.</p>El síndrome metabólicoEl síndrome metabólico no es una enfermedad. De hecho, la gente que lo presenta se suele encontrar perfectamente bien. Pero este síndrome es un indicador de que algo podría estar en camino de convertirse en un problema de salud grave.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/metabolic-syndrome-esp.html/bad875da-2b3a-4949-94ed-96ce74aa97a8
5 Ways to Reach a Healthy WeightMost dieters regain the weight they lost by dieting when they go back to their old eating habits. Get our tips on the best ways to drop excess weight.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/weight-tips.html/63a232e0-0a78-424a-b211-edffe20e1177
About Overweight and ObesityWe use the words "oveweight" and "obese" a lot, but they actually have medical meanings. Find out how doctors diagnose these conditions and what they mean for a person's health.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity-overweight.html/3db5b37c-b543-4171-bd34-d7d71e1a51eb
Acanthosis NigricansAcanthosis nigricans is a darkening and thickening of the skin that can be a sign of other medical conditions. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/acanthosis.html/c86a03c0-bec0-4592-899e-e463463118c8
CholesterolCholesterol is a type of fat found in your blood. The body needs some cholesterol, but too much can be a problem. Discover more about cholesterol in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cholesterol.html/a347b86c-c8e5-471b-819a-9eda9408ceb6
How Can I Lose Weight Safely?Lots of people are unhappy with their present weight, but aren't sure how to change it - or even if they need to. Get the facts on weight loss here.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/lose-weight-safely.html/41611423-0e1d-4cac-8d41-1b7d92549603
How Much Food Should I Eat?Lots of us don't realize we're eating too much because we've become so used to large portions. This article for teens helps you take control of your plate.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/portion-size.html/c51aa81e-aef0-4860-b4fe-2d436c8f0f84
Losing Weight: Brandon's Story (Video)Brandon, 17, has lost 70 pounds through better eating and exercise. In this video he talks about what inspired him and how he stayed on track.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/brandon-vd.html/ab7550bc-7cc3-4963-a176-43213006bfd0
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries produce higher than normal amounts of certain hormones, which can interfere with egg development and release. Learn how doctors diagnose and treat PCOS.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pcos.html/79731239-b3c8-4c57-af59-55eb6eea7eaa
Type 2 Diabetes: What Is It?Teens with type 2 diabetes have to pay close attention to what they eat and do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/type2.html/879b38fb-42b6-4ebe-a3a2-e87557ad20f2
Weight Loss SurgeryWeight loss surgery works. But it's serious stuff, both physically and emotionally. Find out about two weight loss surgery options for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bariatric.html/7fc66358-9504-4d6c-ab2a-92560014bdb7
When Being Overweight Is a Health ProblemA couple of pounds of extra body fat are not a health risk for most people. But when people are severely overweight, it can cause health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity.html/86e35f4d-c4b7-42bf-84a0-f23b54b1965a
Who Can Get Weight Loss Surgery?Doctors may do weight loss surgery if someone who is very overweight has tried but failed to lose weight and faces serious medical problems. Find out what makes teens eligible for bariatric surgery.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/weight-loss-surgery.html/902fe658-a024-44cd-a006-d38a1cc36941
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:age-youngAdultEighteenPluskh:clinicalDesignation-endocrinologykh:clinicalDesignation-gastroenterologyAndNutritionWeightManagementkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-gastroenterologyAndNutritionWeightManagementOverweight and Obesity (for Teens)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diseases-conditions/obesity/21d9da98-95ba-481c-a3c2-d0ea46bcae5cHealth Problems of Being Overweighthttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/managing-weight-center/health-problems/1f3842e7-fe61-4118-9005-24f69e51f565Genetic, Chromosomal & Metabolic Conditions (for Teens)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diseases-conditions/genetic/c830b100-8d46-458a-9ad5-f62d48fd6524Body Basics for Teens: Diabeteshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diabetes-center/body-basics/5a39046a-2605-47d8-a2f5-b12a881429dbDiabetes Treatment & Prevention for Teenshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diabetes-center/treatment/732b47e5-de83-4951-97ce-01bb85d7d7fc