Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injuriesenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/T-MclInjury-enHD-AR1.jpgMCL injuries happen when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, causing a torn ligament.medial collateral ligament injuries MCL, torn MCL, knee injuries, knee pain, sports injury, injuries, common sports injury, hurt knee, torn knee ligament, sports medicine, sports rehab, rehab, medial collateral ligament, ligaments, mcl, acl, knee tears, muscles, tendons, tendins, knee pain, knee popped, physical therapy, sports injuries, anterior, medial, collateral, knee hurts, knee surgery, crutches, sports safety, range of motion, muscles, knee muscles, tear grades, grade I, grade II, grade III, grade 1 tears, grade 2 tears, grade 3 tears04/21/201009/16/201909/16/2019Alvin Su, MD06/17/2019644d3430-58bf-4fa4-a27d-a379712896fehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/mcl-injuries.html/<h3>What Is the Medial Collateral Ligament?</h3> <p>The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the ligaments in the knee joint. A ligament is a tough, flexible band of tissue that holds <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones</a> and cartilage together.</p> <p>The MCL is on the part of the knee closest to the other knee (the &quot;medial&quot; side). It connects the bottom of the thighbone (femur) to the top of the shinbone (tibia). The MCL helps keep the knee from moving side to side.</p> <h3>What Is a Medial Collateral Ligament Tear?</h3> <p>The MCL can tear if an injury stretches it too much. The tear might be partial (through a part of the MCL) or complete (all the way through the MCL).</p> <p><img class="center_this" title="Diagram shows bent left knee shown from right side and labels torn MCL, thighbone, and shinbone" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/MCLinjury_a_enIL.jpg" alt="Diagram shows bent left knee shown from right side and labels torn MCL, thighbone, and shinbone" /></p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Medial Collateral Ligament Tear?</h3> <p>Most people who tear their MCL feel pain and a &quot;pop&quot; in their knee when the injury happens. Their knee usually swells soon after the injury, most of the time around the inside part of the knee.</p> <p>After the swelling goes down, a person usually can walk, but feels pain when the inside of the knee is stretched, Also, the knee may feel unstable and can &quot;give way&quot; and make the person stumble or fall.</p> <h3>What Causes Medial Collateral Ligament Tears?</h3> <p>Most medial collateral ligament tears happen during athletic activity, such as when someone:</p> <ul> <li>changes direction or twists the knee while running</li> <li>jumps and lands in a way that twists the knee</li> </ul> <p>The MCL also can tear if the knee is hit forcefully from the side.</p> <h3>Who Gets Medial Collateral Ligament Tears?</h3> <p>MCL tears happen most often during sports involving turning, cutting, and pivoting like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-skiing.html/">skiing</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-soccer.html/">soccer</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-football.html/">football</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-basketball.html/">basketball</a>, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-tennis.html/">tennis</a>.&nbsp;</p> <h3>How Is a Medial Collateral Ligament Tear Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose a torn MCL, health care providers ask about the injury and do an exam. During the exam, the health care provider presses on the knee and legs and moves them in certain ways. This can help show if the MCL is torn.</p> <p>Imaging tests done can include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/video-xray.html/">X-rays</a> to check for injuries to the bones</li> <li>sometimes, an MRI to check if the tear is partial or complete and to see if the knee has other <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/knee-injuries.html/">injuries</a></li> </ul> <h3>How Is a Medial Collateral Ligament Tear Treated?</h3> <p>Right after the injury, the initial treatment may include:</p> <ul> <li>over-the-counter pain medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol&reg; or store brand) or ibuprofen (Advil&reg;, Motrin&reg;, or store brand)</li> <li>RICE: <strong>R</strong>est, <strong>I</strong>ce, <strong>C</strong>ompression (with an elastic bandage), and <strong>E</strong>levation (raising the knee)</li> <li>bracing: your provider will advise you about the best type of brace to protect the MCL and the knee joint during healing.</li> </ul> <p>Other treatments may include:</p> <ul> <li>using crutches during recovery</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/">physical therapy (PT)</a> to help with strength and flexibility</li> <li>surgery</li> </ul> <h3>Can Someone With a Torn MCL Play Sports?</h3> <p>Teens with a torn MCL usually need to take time off from sports, especially the sport in which the injury happened. If there is no pain and the knee does not &quot;give way,&quot; they can usually walk, stretch, and do low-impact activities such as swimming.</p> <p>Teens with a torn MCL should follow their health care provider's instruction on which activities they can do and which they should skip. Most teens with a low-grade MCL tear are back to sports within 6 weeks.</p> <h3>Are There Ways to Help Prevent Another MCL Tear?</h3> <p>Having an MCL tear puts someone at higher risk for another one. To lower the risk of another MCL tear or other injury, work with a physical therapist or trainer to:</p> <ul> <li>improve your strength, balance, and flexibility</li> <li>learn the proper techniques for jumping, landing, and changing direction while playing sports</li> </ul> <h3>How Can I Feel Better?</h3> <p>Recovering from an MCL tear takes time. It's normal to feel angry, frustrated, or down, especially if you can't play a sport you love. To stay involved in sports during recovery, you can be part of the team by keeping score or being a manager.</p> <p>Maybe you can try&nbsp;something other than sports, like playing a musical instrument, painting, or drawing.</p> <p>While the MCL tear heals, follow your health care provider's instructions for:</p> <ul> <li>follow-up visits</li> <li>physical therapy appointments</li> <li>not doing activities that can slow healing</li> <li>doing at-home exercises</li> </ul>Lesiones del ligamento colateral medialEl ligamento colateral medial es uno de los ligamentos de la articulación de la rodilla. El ligamento se puede desgarrar o romper si se estira demasiado. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/mcl-injuries-esp.html/e2d4b9d2-80f3-4989-bedb-163da9991327
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) TearsACL injuries can happen in active and athletic kids when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/acl-injuries.html/8c642a43-5cbd-42c2-b5a2-1387d91a6f3c
Jumper's KneeJumper's knee is an overuse injury that happens when frequent jumping, running, and changing direction damages the patellar tendon.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/jumpers-knee.html/16b92a66-48a6-4473-ba2e-87bbe0566229
Knee InjuriesHealthy knees are needed for many activities and sports and getting hurt can mean some time sitting on the sidelines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/knee-injuries.html/0e348562-5958-4a91-96ad-c8affb5fff4f
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)Patellofemoral pain syndrome (or runner's knee) is the most common overuse injury among runners, but it can also happen to other athletes who do activities that require a lot of knee bending.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/runners-knee.html/4589da1f-0851-45ac-a408-8ce20ef2c72b
Safety Tips: BasketballIt's fun to play and great exercise, but basketball is also a contact sport, and injuries happen. To stay safe on the basketball court, follow these safety tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-basketball.html/2189333a-d064-4af8-93db-5e43e490bed5
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)A good, stable connection at your hip joint is what lets you walk, run, make that jump shot, and shake it on the dance floor. But in some teens – particularly those who are obese – the hip joint is weakened by slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/scfe.html/ad764559-ea97-49a0-95a4-4785a2052c28
Sports and Exercise SafetyPlaying hard doesn't have to mean getting hurt. The best way to ensure a long and injury-free athletic career is to play it safe from the start. Find out how.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sport-safety.html/cbffad82-3814-4cbc-8758-dd3aac78c363
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsSportsMedSportshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/nutrition-fitness-center/sports/06ada184-a5c7-4aea-9e27-e72aa47566f6Sportshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-fitness/sports/28a0af77-de2a-42f5-9cf0-7344ab1991f8Sports Injuries for Teenshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-center/injuries/18720942-0829-4420-9a67-f8b644bb00b4Bones, Muscles & Joints (for Teens)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diseases-conditions/bones/7860c047-e722-4a4c-b1f8-2fd11271b697https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/MCLinjury_a_enIL.jpg