E. Colienteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/T-eColi-enHD-AR1.jpgUndercooked burgers and unwashed produce are among the foods that can harbor E. coli bacteria and lead to infection and severe diarrhea. Here's how to protect yourself.E. coli infections, e coli, e. coli, Escherichia coli, bacteria, germs, stomach flu, stomach bug, food poisoning, contamination, diarrhea, vomiting, puking, bloody diarrhea, the runs, runny poop, stomach pains, cramps, stomach cramps, contaminated food, infected food, food poison, bacterium, bacterias, bacterial, infections, food safety, E. Coli O157:H7, O157:H7, E. Coli O104:H4, O104:H4, produce, vegetables, food safety, cutting boards, unpasteurized, nonpasteurized, meat, cooking meat, uncooked, raw, contaminated water, dirty water, organisms, toxin, toxins, toxic, hemolytic uremic syndrome, hus, HUS, kidney failure, dialysis, stool tests, stool samples, blood tests07/26/201111/29/201709/02/2019Steven Dowshen, MD04/01/2017e50859c8-aed8-4e36-80cf-946493dc4f12https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/e-coli.html/<h3>What Are <em>E. Coli</em> Infections?</h3> <p><em>E. coli</em> is a type of bacteria that normally lives inside our intestines, where it helps the body break down and digest the food we eat. But certain types (or strains) of <em>E. coli</em> are infectious and spread through contaminated food or water, or from other infected people or animals.</p> <p>Infections due to <em>Escherichia coli</em> bacteria can cause severe, bloody <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a>. Some cases can lead to serious health problems. Fortunately, most healthy people who get the infection don't develop serious problems and recover on their own without needing treatment.</p> <h3>How Do <em>E. Coli</em> Infections Happen?</h3> <p>Most often, <em>E. coli</em> infections happen when someone eats food containing the bacteria. At-risk foods include:</p> <ul> <li>undercooked ground beef (such as in hamburgers that are pink inside)</li> <li>produce grown in manure from cows, sheep, goats, or deer</li> <li>produce washed in contaminated water</li> <li>unpasteurized dairy or juice products</li> </ul> <p>The bacteria also can spread from person to person on unwashed hands and surfaces, by swimming in contaminated water, and from touching animals at farms or petting zoos.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs of an <em>E. Coli</em> Infection?</h3> <p>Some types of <em>E. coli</em> bacteria make a toxin (a poisonous substance) that can damage the lining of the small intestine. This can lead to bad stomach cramps, vomiting, and diarrhea (often with blood in it). When that happens, people can get <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/dehydration.html/">dehydrated</a>.</p> <p>Symptoms usually start 3–4 days after a person has come into contact with the bacteria and end within about a week. An infection is <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contagious.html/">contagious</a> for at least as long as the person has diarrhea, and sometimes longer.</p> <h3>What Problems Can Happen?</h3> <p>Most people recover completely from an <em>E. coli</em> infection. But some can develop a serious kidney and blood problem called <strong>hemolytic uremic syndrome</strong> <strong>(HUS)</strong>. Signs of HUS include:</p> <ul> <li>peeing less</li> <li>a pale or swollen appearance</li> <li>unexplained bruises</li> <li>bleeding from the nose or gums</li> <li>being very tired</li> <li>seizures</li> </ul> <p>HUS can be-life threatening and needs to be treated in a hospital.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Call your doctor if you have any symptoms of an <em>E. coli</em> infection, especially stomach pain or lasting, severe, or bloody diarrhea.</p> <p>Call immediately if you see signs of dehydration, such as peeing less than usual, or of hemolytic uremic syndrome, especially if you've had a recent gastrointestinal illness.</p> <h3>How Are <em>E. Coli</em> Infections Treated?</h3> <p>If you think you have an infection, your doctor might take a stool sample to look for <em>E. coli</em> bacteria. Your doctor's office may order a blood test to check for possible complications.</p> <p>Some things to know about treating <em>E. coli</em> infections:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Antibiotics aren't helpful and can even&nbsp;be harmful.</li> <li>Anti-diarrheal medicines can increase the risk of complications. If you think you have an <em>E. coli</em> infection, don't use them.</li> <li>If you have an <em>E. coli</em> infection, rest as much as possible and drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.</li> </ul> <p>Someone who becomes dehydrated might need to be hospitalized to get IV fluids, and those with HUS may require <a class="kh_anchor">dialysis</a> for kidney failure and/or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/transfusions.html/">blood transfusions</a>.</p> <p>While recovering from an infection, you can go back to your normal activities after two stool cultures are free of the bacteria. Don't use swimming pools or water slides until 2 weeks after your symptoms have gone away.</p> <h3>Can <em>E. Coli</em> Infections Be Prevented?</h3> <p><em>E. coli</em> outbreaks have been traced to a wide variety of foods, including fresh spinach, hamburgers, ground beef, bologna, hazelnuts, packaged cheeses, shredded lettuce, and prepackaged cookie dough.</p> <p>Safe <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/">food preparation</a> is a key step in protecting yourself from an <em>E. coli</em> infection:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Cook meat well until it reaches a temperature of at least 160&deg;F/70&deg;C at its thickest point.</li> <li>Thoroughly clean anything that comes into contact with raw meat.</li> <li>Choose pasteurized juices and dairy products.</li> <li>Clean raw produce well before eating.</li> </ul> <p>Don't forget the importance of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/handwashing.html/">hand washing</a>. Wash your hands often and well, especially after going to the bathroom, touching animals, or coming in from outside, and before eating or preparing food. Avoid swallowing water while swimming.</p>E. coliLas infecciones debido a la bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) pueden provocar diarrea grave con sangre.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/e-coli-esp.html/e8e4dc29-48b0-4467-bff3-ea8b918dfd24
DiarrheaNearly everybody gets diarrhea every once in a while, and it's usually caused by gastrointestinal infections. It's nothing to be embarrassed about. Read this article to learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diarrhea.html/a6f9f493-2ca8-437a-b4bb-4909ac75b2fc
Food PoisoningThe germs that get into food and cause food poisoning are tiny, but can have a powerful effect on the body. Find out what to do if you get food poisoning - and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-poisoning.html/ec41bcb2-5d7d-441c-babe-7ca56fab3889
Food SafetyLearn why food safety is important and how you can avoid the spread of bacteria when you are buying, preparing, and storing food.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/c6a206a5-5abf-4711-bbc3-86943d8a9e36
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantDid you know that the most important thing you can do to keep from getting sick is to wash your hands? If you don't wash your hands frequently, you can pick up germs from other sources and then infect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/handwashing.html/83630582-a0c6-4b77-97f9-6b26970fd4af
SalmonellosisPeople often think of salmonellosis as food poisoning, but food is only one way the bacteria Salmonella can be spread.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/salmonellosis.html/4c9aa097-9055-452f-a15a-b78978d2a675
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:age-youngAdultEighteenPluskh:clinicalDesignation-gastroenterologykh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseStomach & Intestinal Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/infections/intestinal/674d16c2-4c28-430d-9a5b-d4fb23295552Bacteria & Viruseshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/infections/bacterial-viral/b7dc4878-3709-426e-b9f5-a4e65c39af05