Cough & Cold Medicine Abuseenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/T-CoughColdMed-enHD-AR1.jpgThe DXM in cough and cold medicines can cause feelings like out-of-body sensations. But even though these medicines are sold over the counter, there are serious health risks of taking too much. Find out more in this article for teens.dxm, candy, ccc, c-c-c, dex, DM, Ddex, red devils, robo, rojo, skittles, tussin, velvet, vitamin d, syrup head, dexing, robotrip, robotripping, robodosing, robitussin, hallucinate, hallucination, trip, dissociative, pure, brain damage, dextromethorphan, cold medicines, cough medicines, Cough & Cold Medicine, drug Abuse, addict, addicted, get high, addiction, antihistamines, hyperthermia10/21/201505/03/201805/03/2018Steven Dowshen, MD05/03/2018f7b02791-5b66-42fc-be51-a2b79fe6f990https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/dxm.html/<h3>What It Is:</h3> <p>Dextromethorphan (DXM) is an ingredient in many over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medicines.</p> <h3>Sometimes Called:</h3> <p>candy, drank, robo, C-C-C, dex, DM, drex, red devils, rojo, skittles, tussin, velvet, and vitamin d</p> <h3>How It's Used:</h3> <p>Medicines that have DXM in them come as syrups, capsules, pills, or throat lozenges. But some people extract DXM from cough syrup and make it into a powder or capsule of "pure" DXM.</p> <p>Dextromethorphan-containing products &mdash; tablets, capsules, gel caps, lozenges, and syrups &mdash; are labeled DM, cough suppressant, or Tuss (or contain "tuss" in the title).</p> <h3>What It Does:</h3> <p>When people take too much DXM, they might have hallucinations and "out-of-body" sensations. DXM also depresses brain function, particularly the parts of the brain that control breathing and heart function.</p> <p>Taking a lot of DXM causes hallucinations and out-of-body sensations similar to the ones caused by drugs like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ketamine.html/">ketamine</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pcp.html/">PCP</a>. These effects can last as long as 6 hours.</p> <p>DXM also can make users have trouble controlling their limbs and cause blurred vision, slurred speech, dizziness, and impaired judgment.</p> <p>Other short-term effects include:</p> <ul> <li>paranoia and confusion</li> <li>excessive sweating</li> <li>nausea and vomiting (large quantities of cough syrup almost always cause people to throw up)</li> <li>belly pain</li> <li>irregular heartbeat and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/hypertension.html/">high blood pressure</a></li> <li>restlessness</li> <li>dry, itchy skin and facial redness</li> </ul> <p>DXM might seem safe since it's sold over the counter. But large quantities can cause dangerous side effects, including loss of consciousness, seizures, brain damage, and death.</p> <p>One particularly dangerous side effect of DXM is <strong>hyperthermia</strong> &mdash; extremely high fever. This is a big problem in hot environments or when DXM users physically exert themselves, like while dancing at a club. High body temperatures can quickly lead to brain damage or a coma.</p> <p>It's possible to overdose on too much DXM, especially if it's in pure powder form. Someone who overdoses may have brain damage or&nbsp;seizures, and might even die.</p> <p>People using cold medicines to get high may not realize they are taking high doses of many drugs, not just DXM. Mixing DXM with other drugs or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/alcohol.html/">alcohol</a> increases the likelihood of life-threatening conditions. For instance, combining it with drugs like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ecstasy.html/">MDMA</a> increases the risk of hyperthermia and can lead to brain damage, seizures, a coma, and death.</p>Abuso de los medicamentos para la tos y el resfriadoEl dextrometorfano o DMX, que se encuantra en los medicametnos para la tos y refriados puede causar una sensación como si estuvieras fuera de tu cuerpo. A pesar de que estos medicamentos están a la venta sin receta médica, consumir estos medicamentos en exceso tiene altos riesgos y complicaciones para tu salud. Recibe más información en este artículo para adolescentes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/dxm-esp.html/67c7c866-7890-4ecc-8c92-f1e4e20f8030
Bath SaltsBath salts are powerful stimulant drugs that increase brain and central nervous system activity. Find out how they can affect you in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bath-salts.html/67922bfe-00fd-4479-a577-20779018a4a9
Dealing With AddictionFind out what you can do if you think you or a friend has a drug or alcohol addiction - from recognizing the warning signs to suggestions to help you stay clean.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/addictions.html/1bb39666-6df9-4f2a-b2ab-62dc486fd6f3
DepressantsTaken medically, depressants help people get through problems like anxiety. But when used as a recreational drug, they can cause problems and affect some of the body's vital functions. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/depressants.html/c7277d74-b842-4501-9c51-897568944a84
Drugs: What to KnowIt's not hard to find drugs, and sometimes it may seem like everyone's doing them or wanting you to do them. But there are downsides (and dangers) to taking drugs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/know-about-drugs.html/ebae1d42-3774-4b73-b613-e930c809dffa
Getting Rid of Old MedicinesMedicines can cause problems if they get into the water supply or the wrong hands. Find out how to dispose of old or unused meds safely in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/old-meds.html/2d73cba8-585e-4c05-84f5-1d8a0f3f02c8
KetamineKetamine is a fast-acting and powerful anesthetic that is often used as a date rape drug. Find out more in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ketamine.html/1e9e4842-3e2d-4cc7-8814-1360208c2a02
MDMA (Ecstasy)Find out how the drug Ecstasy can affect someone who uses it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ecstasy.html/4d507044-0661-4433-90b4-d52d4645fe59
Prescription Drug AbuseThere are many downsides to experimenting with prescription drugs. Find out more in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/prescription-drug-abuse.html/8af1d296-b2d9-4a12-98c9-090df749289f
Understanding Medicines and What They DoMedicines can cure, stop, or prevent disease; ease symptoms; or help in the diagnosis of illnesses. This article describes different types of medications and offers tips on taking them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/meds.html/27ccecec-2cce-43a0-be3f-1e030e7fdef6
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:age-youngAdultEighteenPluskh:clinicalDesignation-adolescentMedicinekh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-adolescentMedicineDrugshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/drug-alcohol/drugs/756d4776-e44b-48ea-ad35-ab9cb45a2a6e