Cellulitisenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/T-cellulitis-enHD-AR1.gifCellulitis is a skin infection that involves areas of tissue just below the skin's surface. It can affect any part of the body, but it's most common on exposed areas, such as the face, arms, or lower legs.cellulitis, skin infections, staphylococcus aureus, staph infections, animal bites, puncture wounds, immune systems, diabetes, taking care of cuts, bruises, scrapes, general pediatrics, chronic illnesses, septicemia, adolescent medicine, infectious diseases, dermatology07/31/200002/18/201909/02/2019Marcella A. Escoto, DO02/11/201911d03e5b-f1ac-42bc-95b9-8ed4436e5326https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cellulitis.html/<h3>What Is Cellulitis?</h3> <p>Cellulitis (pronounced: sel-yuh-LY-tus) is a skin infection that involves areas of tissue below the surface of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/skin-hair-nails.html/">skin</a>.</p> <p>Cellulitis can affect any area of the body, but is most common on exposed body parts, such as the face, arms, or lower legs.</p> <h3>What Causes Cellulitis?</h3> <p>Many different types of bacteria can cause cellulitis. The most common ones are group A&nbsp;<em>streptococcus</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Staphylococcus aureus</em>.</p> <p>Cellulitis usually begins in an area of broken skin, like a cut, bite, or scratch. People who have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/body-piercing-safe.html/">body piercings</a> may be at risk for cellulitis because the piercing hole is a chance for bacteria to get beneath the skin's surface.</p> <p>But cellulitis can also start in areas where the skin isn't broken, especially in people who have chronic conditions (such as diabetes) or who take medicines that affect the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/immune.html/">immune system</a>.</p> <p>Cellulitis is not contagious. It can't spread from person to person.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Cellulitis?</h3> <p>Cellulitis begins with a small area of skin that's:</p> <ul> <li>tender</li> <li>swollen</li> <li>warm</li> <li>red</li> </ul> <p>As this area begins to spread, a person may begin to feel ill and get a fever and, sometimes, chills and sweats. Swollen lymph nodes (or swollen glands) are sometimes found near the area of infected skin.</p> <p>The time it takes for symptoms to start varies, depending on which bacteria cause the cellulitis. For example, someone with cellulitis caused by <em>Pasteurella multocida</em>, commonly found in animal bites, can have symptoms less than 24 hours after the bite. But cellulitis caused by other types of bacteria may not cause symptoms for several days.</p> <h3>How Is Cellulitis Diagnosed?</h3> <p>A doctor can usually diagnose cellulitis by examining the area of affected skin. Sometimes the doctor may check for bacteria by taking blood samples. Positive blood cultures mean that bacteria from the skin infection have spread into the bloodstream. This can cause septicemia (blood poisoning), a serious infection.</p> <h3>How Is Cellulitis Treated?</h3> <p>If you have a mild case of cellulitis, the doctor will probably prescribe antibiotics. These can usually cure cellulitis in 7 to 10 days. Even if you feel better sooner than that, it's important to take all the antibiotics prescribed for you. Otherwise, the infection can return.</p> <p>People with severe cases of cellulitis might need treatment in a hospital with intravenous (IV) antibiotics.</p> <h3>Can Cellulitis Be Prevented?</h3> <p>To prevent cellulitis, protect skin from cuts, bruises, and scrapes. This isn't easy, especially if someone is active or likes to play sports.</p> <p>To protect yourself:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Use elbow and knee pads while skating.</li> <li>Wear a bike helmet when you're riding.</li> <li>Wear shin guards during <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-soccer.html/">soccer</a>.</li> <li>Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts while hiking in the woods (this can also protect you from <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bug-bites.html/">bug bites and stings</a>).</li> <li>Wear sandals on the beach.</li> </ul> <p>If you do get a scrape, wash the wound well with soap and water. Apply an antibiotic ointment and cover the wound with an adhesive bandage or gauze. Check <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/wounds.html/">wounds</a> often for the first few days to see if any signs of cellulitis begin. Pay attention to new piercings too. If they get red, swollen, and painful to the touch, have them checked out by a doctor.</p> <h3>When Should I Call My Doctor?</h3> <p>Call your doctor whenever any area of your skin becomes red, warm, and painful — with or without fever and chills. This is especially important if the area of skin is on the hands, feet, or face (particularly ear, nose, or <a class="kh_anchor">eyebrow piercings</a>) or if you have an illness or condition that suppresses the immune system.</p> <p>Check with your doctor if you get a large cut or a deep puncture wound. Cellulitis can happen quickly after an animal bite. So call your doctor if an animal bites you, especially if the puncture wound is deep. Not too many people get bitten by other people, of course, but human bites can cause skin infections too.</p> <h3>What Can I Do to Feel Better?</h3> <p>Take the antibiotics prescribed by the doctor exactly as directed and for the full course. Follow your doctor's suggestions for treating the area of cellulitis, such as elevating the affected part of your body or applying heat or warm soaks to it. You can also take over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to ease pain and keep a fever down.</p> <p>After you've taken antibiotics for 1 or 2 days, your doctor may schedule an office visit to check that the area of cellulitis has improved. This means that the antibiotics are working against the infection.</p>La celulitis La celulitis es una infección cutánea que afecta a áreas de tejido que están bajo la superficie de la piel. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/cellulitis-esp.html/b94c7c67-1e5f-4b02-988d-731fda5528ae
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
ImpetigoImpetigo is a skin infection caused by fairly common bacteria. Read this article to learn how to recognize it and what to do about it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/impetigo.html/441158a7-f32f-4a91-80bb-f7273effb343
OsteomyelitisSometimes a bad cut that gets infected can lead to even worse things, like a bone infection called osteomyelitis. The easiest way to protect yourself is to practice good hygiene.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osteomyelitis.html/018fa95e-9847-44f8-8128-15ce46ab062b
RingwormRingworm isn't a worm at all - it's the name for a type of fungal skin infection. The good news is that ringworm is easy to treat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ringworm.html/3b8e50e5-000d-43f4-bffa-88f82d52b707
Skin, Hair, and NailsOur skin protects the network of tissues, muscles, bones, nerves, blood vessels, and everything else inside our bodies. Hair and nails are actually modified types of skin.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/skin-hair-nails.html/50f3231c-11b4-4eb7-9501-d92f6a6b960d
Wound Healing and CareHow well a wound heals depends on where it is on the body and what caused it – as well as how well someone cares for the wound at home. Find out what to do in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/wounds.html/8698279b-71fb-496e-a138-9564f07e71f2
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:age-youngAdultEighteenPluskh:clinicalDesignation-dermatologykh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsBacteria & Viruseshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/infections/bacterial-viral/b7dc4878-3709-426e-b9f5-a4e65c39af05Skin Infections & Rasheshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/infections/skin-rashes/9daf2e38-6abb-4f94-8507-0e675f5fc224