Carbohydrates and Diabetesenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/T-diabetesCarb-enHD-AR1.gifIf you have diabetes, your doctor may have recommended keeping track of how many carbohydrates (carbs) you eat. But what exactly are carbs and how do they affect your blood sugar?carbohydrates, diabetes, insulin, glucose, pancreas, insulin levels, blood sugar levels, carbs, fiber, sugar, candy, soda, empty calories, balance, balance carb intake, exercise, physical activity, meal plans, doctor, dietitian, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes04/01/200510/17/201610/17/2016Steven Dowshen, MD10/01/2016bc86697f-835a-4745-99eb-cd7f807b9b7bhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/carbs-diabetes.html/<h3>Carbs and Blood Sugar</h3> <p>Keeping your blood sugar levels on track means watching what you eat, plus taking medicines like insulin if you need to. Your doctor may also have mentioned that you should keep track of how many carbohydrates (carbs) you eat. But what exactly are carbohydrates and how do they affect your blood sugar?</p> <p>The foods we eat contain nutrients that provide energy and other things the body needs, and one of these is <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/carbohydrate.html/" id="link0" name="link0">carbohydrates</a>. The two main forms of carbohydrates are:</p> <ol> <li><strong>sugars</strong> such as fructose, glucose, and lactose</li> <li><strong>starches</strong>, which are found in foods such as starchy vegetables (like potatoes or corn), grains, rice, breads, and cereals</li> </ol> <p>The body breaks down or converts most carbohydrates into the sugar <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/glucose.html/" id="link1" name="link1">glucose</a>. Glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream, and with the help of a hormone called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/insulin.html/" id="link2" name="link2">insulin</a> it travels into the cells of the body where it can be used for energy.</p> <p>People with diabetes have problems with insulin that can cause blood sugar levels to rise. For people with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas loses the ability to make insulin. For people with type 2 diabetes, the body can't respond normally to the insulin that is made.</p> <h3>Carbs Can Be Part of a Healthy Diet</h3> <p>Because the body turns carbohydrates into glucose, eating carbohydrates makes blood sugar levels rise. But that doesn't mean you should avoid carbohydrates if you have diabetes. Carbohydrates are a healthy and important part of a nutritious diet.</p> <p>Some carbohydrates have more health benefits than others, though. For example, whole-grain foods and fruits are healthier choices than candy and soda because they provide fiber, vitamins, and other nutrients.</p> <p>Fiber is important because it helps you feel full and keeps your digestive system working properly. In fact, eating lots of fiber can even help to slow the body's absorption of sugar when eaten together with sugar in the same food. Everyone needs fiber, and most people don't get enough. Some experts think that people with diabetes should eat more fiber than people without diabetes to help control blood sugar.</p> <p>Sugary foods, like soda and candy, don't usually have fiber and typically contain "empty calories." That means they have calories but little nutritional value, and eating too many of them might leave little room for healthy foods. Eating too many empty-calorie foods can also make a person more likely to be overweight or obese. These foods can also cause tooth decay.</p> <h3>Balancing Your Carbs</h3> <p>After you eat food that has carbohydrates in it, your blood sugar goes up. As far as controlling your diabetes is concerned, your goal is to balance the insulin in your body and the exercise you do with the carbs you eat. Balancing insulin, physical activity, and carb intake keeps your blood sugar levels in a healthy range.</p> <p>Following a meal plan helps you keep track of your carb intake. You and your diabetes health care team will come up with a meal plan that includes general guidelines for your carbohydrate intake. Your meal plan will take into account your age, size, weight goal, exercise level, medications, and other medical issues. The meal plan will also include the foods you like to eat &mdash; so let your health care team know what these are.</p> <p>If you're not sure how many carbohydrates a food contains, check the label or ask your doctor or nutritionist. Also, check the labels of diet foods before you chow down because these products may be low in fat, but could contain extra sugar. By performing a balancing act with carbohydrates, exercise, and insulin, you can keep your blood sugar in line and still enjoy good eats.</p> Los carbohidratos y la diabetesMantener bajo control los niveles de azúcar en la sangre significa cuidar lo que comes y tomar medicamentos, como la insulina, si es que los necesitas. Es probable que el médico también te haya mencionado que debes controlar cuántos carbohidratos comes. Pero, ¿qué son exactamente los carbohidratos y cómo afectan el nivel de azúcar en la sangre?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/carbs-diabetes-es.html/167cfea4-a5fe-4df9-842f-a34fd8afd28b
Diabetes CenterOur Diabetes Center provides information and advice for teens about treating and living with diabetes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/diabetes-center.html/2de408fd-c6ef-4ca3-a5cf-9a1456fe0f29
Diabetes Control: Why It's ImportantPeople who have diabetes may hear or read a lot about controlling, or managing, the condition. But what is diabetes control and why is it so important?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diabetes-control.html/f02a787a-3326-4ffb-bee2-d2c965896f13
Eating Out When You Have DiabetesDining out is probably a part of your social scene. If you have diabetes, you can pretty much eat the same foods as your friends and family. You just have to keep track of what you eat and enjoy certain foods in moderation.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/eating-out-diabetes.html/195deafc-e495-475d-9657-a68642351e05
Food LabelsLook at any packaged food and you'll see the food label. This nutrition facts label gives the lowdown on everything from calories to cholesterol. Read more about food labels.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-labels.html/9fd21fc8-7da9-499f-a517-dcacb9624e24
Meal Plans and DiabetesPeople with diabetes don't need to be on strict diets, but do need to pay attention to what they eat and when. Crack open the cookbooks and surf to your favorite recipe website because it's time to plan meals that you love!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/meal-plans-diabetes.html/7fdf67ec-ec8c-491d-8003-1b349fafb4f7
Smart Supermarket ShoppingYou don't need to be a dietitian to figure out how to make healthy food choices. Before grabbing a shopping cart and heading for the aisles, read this article to make grocery shopping a snap.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/grocery-shopping.html/5414ea2a-c37a-42da-9254-35a48f72817f
Type 1 Diabetes: What Is It?Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, a sugar that is the body's main source of fuel. In type 1 diabetes, glucose can't get into the body's cells where it's needed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/type1.html/af259e3d-ac7d-4b73-958c-795acbc7e5c3
Type 2 Diabetes: What Is It?Teens with type 2 diabetes have to pay close attention to what they eat and do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/type2.html/879b38fb-42b6-4ebe-a3a2-e87557ad20f2
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:age-youngAdultEighteenPluskh:clinicalDesignation-endocrinologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-endocrinologyDiabetes & Nutrition for Teenshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diabetes-center/nutrition/f90b8cc0-f083-4910-8cfa-051b79fb3b9a