Broken Bonesenteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/DESIGN-1168_Broken_Bones_esHD_1.jpgBones are tough stuff - but even tough stuff can break. Find out what happens when a bone fractures.broken bones, breaking bones, breaks, casts, fractures, pain, shock, x-rays, pins, bandages, heal, plaster casts, fiberglass casts, slings, splints, mend, grow together, open, simple, complete, greenstick, single, comminuted, bending, hairline, skeletal system, skeletons, ligaments, emergency rooms, bones, breaking a bone, calcium04/13/201006/22/201809/02/2019Richard W. Kruse, DO and Susan M. Dubowy, PA-C05/23/2018476538a9-5cb5-422b-89b1-8a93f30a8fcehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/broken-bones.html/<h3>What Is a Broken Bone?</h3> <p>A broken bone, also called a fracture , is when a break goes through part or all of a bone.</p> <h3>How Do Broken Bones Happen?</h3> <p>Common causes of broken <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones</a> in teens include falls, accidents, and sports mishaps.</p> <h3>What Are the Kinds of Broken Bones?</h3> <p>Types of bone fractures include:</p> <ul> <li><strong>Avulsion fracture:</strong> when a tendon or ligament pulls off of a tiny piece of bone</li> <li><strong>Growth plate fracture:</strong> a break in the area of a growing bone</li> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/stress-fractures.html/">Stress fracture</a>:</strong> a tiny crack in the bone</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fractures-comminuted.html/"><strong>Comminuted&nbsp;</strong></a><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fractures-comminuted.html/">fracture</a>:</strong> a bone breaks into more than two pieces</li> <li><a class="kh_anchor"><strong>Compression fracture</strong></a>: a collapsing of the bone</li> </ul> <p>Kids' bones are more likely to bend than break completely because they're softer. Fracture types that are more common in kids include:</p> <ul> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fractures-greenstick.html/">Greenstick fracture</a>:</strong>&nbsp;a break on one side of the bone only</li> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fractures-buckle.html/">Buckle or torus fracture</a>:</strong>&nbsp;an outward bend on one side of the bone without breaking the other side</li> </ul> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Broken Bone?</h3> <p>The signs of a fracture depend on the type of break an the bone affected. It always hurts to break a bone. There also might be swelling and bruising. The injured area may be hard to move and use.</p> <p>Sometimes there's a deformity — this means that the body part looks crooked or different than it did before the injury.</p> <h3>How Are Broken Bones Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Doctors order <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/video-xray.html/">X-rays</a> if they think a bone is broken. An X-ray usually can show if there is a break, where it is, and the type of break.</p> <h3>How Are Broken Bones Treated?</h3> <p>Doctors treat most broken bones with a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/casts.html/">cast</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/splints.html/">splint</a>, or brace. This keeps the broken bone from moving while it heals. Even broken bones that don't line up (called <strong>displaced</strong>) often will heal straight over time.</p> <p>Sometimes the displaced bones are put back in place before the cast, splint, or brace is put on. This is done through a procedure called a <strong>reduction</strong>.&nbsp;This is also called &quot;setting the bone.&quot;</p> <p>The two types of reductions are:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>A closed reduction.</strong> This is done in the emergency room or operating room, after the person gets medicine to ease the pain. The surgeon moves the bones back into the right position. No incision (cut) is needed.</li> <li><strong>An open reduction.</strong> This surgery is done for a more complicated injury. It happens in the operating room under <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/anesthesia-types.html/">general anesthesia</a>. The surgeon makes a cut and moves the bones into the right position. Surgical plates, screws, or wires might keep the bones in place.</li> </ul> <h3>How Do Bones Heal?</h3> <p>In the first few days after a fracture, the body forms a blood clot (or hematoma ) around the broken bone. This protects the bone and delivers the cells needed for healing.</p> <p>Then, an area of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/broken-bones-heal.html/">healing</a> tissue forms around the broken bone. This is called a <strong> callus </strong>. It joins the broken bones together. It's soft at first, then gets harder and stronger over the following weeks.</p> <p>New bone forms in the weeks to months after a break, but full healing can take longer.</p> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"> <!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/kh-slider.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/howbonesheal-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div> <h3>How Can I Feel Better?</h3> <p>As you recover from a broken bone, make sure to:</p> <ul> <li>eat a healthy diet that includes plenty of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/calcium.html/">calcium</a> and <a class="kh_anchor">vitamin D</a></li> <li>take good care of the cast or splint</li> <li>follow the health care provider's directions for rest and/or doing any exercises</li> <li>go to all follow-up appointments</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Broken bones are a pretty common injury. With the right treatment, a broken bone usually heals well. Follow your health care provider's recommendations, and soon you'll be back to all the activities you did before the injury.</p>Huesos rotosUna quebradura puede ir desde una fractura tan delgada como un cabello, hasta la división del hueso en dos partes como una rama rota de un árbol.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/broken-bones-esp.html/75aa4534-6c9f-4b31-933e-9daf1f496532
Bones, Muscles, and JointsOur bones, muscles, and joints form our musculoskeletal system and enable us to do everyday physical activities.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/d55a922b-e87a-49e0-82ae-0c5a0773cee9
Broken Collarbone (Clavicle Fracture)A broken collarbone is one of the most common types of broken bones. Find out how it can happen - and how to treat and avoid fractures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/clavicle-fracture.html/d87eef43-1e98-4e7a-ac55-4724e26a5f80
Buckle FracturesA buckle or torus fracture is a type of broken bone. One side of the bone bends, raising a little buckle, without breaking the other side of the bone. Teens don't usually get this type of fracture.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fractures-buckle.html/92a651c4-df33-47ae-859e-8b3e0392347e
CalciumYour parents were right to make you drink milk when you were little. It's loaded with calcium, a mineral vital for building strong bones and teeth.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/calcium.html/1b14aeb9-cdea-43db-8e5d-820de04a98a4
CastsThis article for teens has tips on taking care of a cast so it keeps working as it should.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/casts.html/67cfd3da-36ea-4b8a-bc2d-c887e5da6fcc
Comminuted FracturesA comminuted fracture is a type of broken bone. The bone is broken into more than two pieces.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fractures-comminuted.html/3c1f78b0-0b4f-4f49-aee4-ea548d5c2100
First Aid: Broken BonesA broken bone requires emergency medical care. Here's what to do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/broken-bones-first-aid.html/1a32dfbd-33dc-40cf-9811-cb96a19c1cfe
Greenstick FracturesA greenstick fracture is a type of broken bone. The bone cracks on one side only, not all the way through the bone. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fractures-greenstick.html/1a116ee5-5312-4696-ab1f-00dbddf78f90
How Broken Bones HealBroken bones have an amazing ability to heal. New bone forms within a few weeks of the injury, although full healing can take longer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/broken-bones-heal.html/1ddb8927-b800-45d2-aeae-65034297a617
SplintsA splint is a support device that keeps an injured area from moving. Doctors often use splints to hold bones and joints in place so they can heal after a fracture.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/splints.html/89b5b824-76d0-47f8-8f55-0ab28a2538c9
Sports CenterThis site has tips on things like preparing for a new season, handling sports pressure, staying motivated, and dealing with injuries.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/sports-center.html/c6fa6931-7439-4e86-9613-99545f761388
Sports and Exercise SafetyPlaying hard doesn't have to mean getting hurt. The best way to ensure a long and injury-free athletic career is to play it safe from the start. Find out how.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sport-safety.html/cbffad82-3814-4cbc-8758-dd3aac78c363
Stress FracturesIt's not always easy to tell if you have a stress fracture, and stress fractures can get worse quickly. This article explains how to prevent and treat them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/stress-fractures.html/d630ce2d-b4c9-4c02-8adf-34120bb2aaae
What to Expect When Your Cast Comes OffYou probably can't wait to get back to your normal activities, but it takes a while for a limb that's been in a cast to finish healing. Here's what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cast-care.html/9d05acc9-c506-4aab-82b7-f1ce4aca55d1
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:age-youngAdultEighteenPluskh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedSportshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/nutrition-fitness-center/sports/06ada184-a5c7-4aea-9e27-e72aa47566f6Bones, Muscles & Joints (for Teens)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diseases-conditions/bones/7860c047-e722-4a4c-b1f8-2fd11271b697