What Happens in ACL Surgery?enteenshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/ACL_Surgery_enHD_1.jpgIf you tore your ACL, you might need this surgery to fix it. Find out what's involved.acl, ACL, knee, knees, injury, injuries, knee injury, knee injuries, torn, torn knee muscle, surgery, ortho, anterior cruciate ligament, sports safety, sports injury, ACL Reconstruction, acl surgery, acl repair, graft, grafts, physical therapy, crutches, CPM machine, brace, knee brace, patellar tendon, hamstring, allograft05/31/201707/12/201709/02/2019Alfred Atanda Jr., MD06/03/20174d565aa6-8153-47a5-a1ae-ab6f6099ddc5https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/acl-surgery.html/<p><span style="font-size: 1em;">A torn </span><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/acl-injuries.html/" style="font-size: 1em;">anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)</a><span style="font-size: 1em;"> is a serious </span><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/knee-injuries.html/" style="font-size: 1em;">knee injury</a><span style="font-size: 1em;">, especially for athletes. Many teens with a torn ACL will need surgery to repair it.</span></p> <h3><span style="font-size: 1em;">What Is ACL Reconstruction?</span></h3> <p>A torn ACL usually is treated with a procedure called an <strong>ACL reconstruction</strong>. Surgeons replace the damaged ligament with new ACL graft tissue &mdash; either taken from the patient's own body (tissue from the main patellar tendon or the hamstring) or donated from someone else (called an allograft).</p> <h3>How Is ACL Reconstruction Done?</h3> <p>Most ACL reconstructions are done under general <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/anesthesia-types.html/">anesthesia</a>. So you'll be asleep during the surgery and not feel anything. The surgery usually takes 2 to 2&frac12; hours, and you won't need to stay in the hospital overnight.</p> <p>To do the reconstruction, the surgeon will drill bone tunnels into the tibia and the femur, remove the torn ligament, then place the ACL graft in about the same position.</p> <h3>What Happens After ACL Surgery?</h3> <p>After the surgery, you'll go home with a large bandage covering the knee, a knee brace, crutches, and, possibly, a cold therapy device (a type of continuous cold pack that wraps around the knee). You'll use the crutches to get around so you don't put too much weight on your leg for the first week.</p> <h3>What Is Recovery Like?</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/">Physical therapy</a> is an important part of your recovery. You'll start PT about a week after surgery and continue for the next few months. The physical therapist will help you put more and more weight on your leg until you don't need the crutches anymore.</p> <p>You also might use a <strong>CPM (continuous passive motion) machine</strong> that slowly bends your knee back and forth. This helps you get back in the habit of moving your knee.</p> <p>When your thigh muscles regain their strength (usually about 2 to 3 weeks after surgery), you'll be able to stop wearing the knee brace.</p> <h3>When Can I Get Back to Normal Activities?</h3> <p>Most ACL reconstructions are successful at stabilizing the knee and restoring the ligament's functionality. Patients usually can return to sports and other activities about 9 months after surgery.</p> <p>If you return to soccer or other sports,&nbsp;the surgeon will fit you with a functional ACL brace to wear during games and practices.</p>¿Qué ocurre en una operación del ligamento cruzado anterior?Un desgarro o rotura del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) es una lesión de rodilla grave, sobre todo en los atletas. Muchos adolescentes con rotura del LCA necesitan someterse a una operación.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/teens/acl-surgery-esp.html/1e2ac247-f67a-4da5-9d2f-b666b9896697
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) TearsACL injuries can happen in active and athletic kids when excessive pressure is put on the knee joint, resulting in a torn ligament.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/acl-injuries.html/8c642a43-5cbd-42c2-b5a2-1387d91a6f3c
Bones, Muscles, and JointsOur bones, muscles, and joints form our musculoskeletal system and enable us to do everyday physical activities.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/d55a922b-e87a-49e0-82ae-0c5a0773cee9
Dealing With Sports InjuriesYou practiced hard and made sure you wore protective gear, but you still got hurt. Read this article to find out how to take care of sports injuries - and how to avoid getting them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-injuries.html/e49f63c7-6ae0-446e-a953-4b458a82eaeb
Jumper's KneeJumper's knee is an overuse injury that happens when frequent jumping, running, and changing direction damages the patellar tendon.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/jumpers-knee.html/16b92a66-48a6-4473-ba2e-87bbe0566229
Knee InjuriesHealthy knees are needed for many activities and sports and getting hurt can mean some time sitting on the sidelines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/knee-injuries.html/0e348562-5958-4a91-96ad-c8affb5fff4f
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runner's Knee)Patellofemoral pain syndrome (or runner's knee) is the most common overuse injury among runners, but it can also happen to other athletes who do activities that require a lot of knee bending.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/runners-knee.html/4589da1f-0851-45ac-a408-8ce20ef2c72b
Physical TherapyPhysical therapy helps people get back to full strength and movement - and manage pain - in key parts of the body after an illness or injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/d292496f-1bf8-4949-9563-f0436e185c33
Sports and Exercise SafetyPlaying hard doesn't have to mean getting hurt. The best way to ensure a long and injury-free athletic career is to play it safe from the start. Find out how.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sport-safety.html/cbffad82-3814-4cbc-8758-dd3aac78c363
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:age-youngAdultEighteenPluskh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsSportsMedFitness, Exercise & Sports Q&A for Teenshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/expert/fitness/95f9f634-62e6-4b9c-b8a5-2f1f881bb68cBones, Muscles & Joints (for Teens)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diseases-conditions/bones/7860c047-e722-4a4c-b1f8-2fd11271b697