Yersiniosisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-infectYersiniosis-enHD-AR1.jpgYersiniosis is an uncommon infection caused by the consumption of undercooked meat products, unpasteurized milk, or water contaminated by the bacteria.bacterial infections, appendicitis, appendix, fevers, digestive tracts, contaminated foods, contaminated water supplies, my child has a yersinia enterocolitica infection, blood transfusions, vaccines, immunizations, drinking water, cooking meats thoroughly, sausages, pork, food safety, kitchen safety, feeding my children, eating, preparing meals, contagious, diarrhea, pets, dogs, cats, reptiles, stool tests, medical tests, laboratory tests, infrequent urination, antibiotics, gastroenterology, gastrointestinal, GI03/22/200012/06/201609/02/2019Yamini Durani, MD05/14/2015f4d55002-6955-42e6-9733-a1432a613915https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/yersinia.html/<p>Yersiniosis is a relatively uncommon infection contracted through the consumption of undercooked meat products (especially pork), unpasteurized milk, or contaminated water.</p> <p>Usually, someone with an infection caused by <em>Yersinia</em> bacteria recovers within a few days without medical treatment (in some cases, doctors prescribe antibiotics).</p> <h3>About Yersiniosis</h3> <p>Of the three main types of yersiniosis that affect people, <em>Yersinia enterocolitica</em> (bacteria that thrive in cooler temperatures) are responsible for most&nbsp;infections in the United States. The infection seems to be more common in cooler climates.</p> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"><!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/kh-slider.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/bodybasics-flash-digestive-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div> <p>The bacteria can infect the digestive tracts of humans, cats, dogs, pigs, cattle, and goats. People can contract it by eating or handling contaminated foods (such as raw or undercooked meat) or by drinking untreated water or unpasteurized milk that contain the bacteria.</p> <p>An infant can be infected if a parent or caretaker handles contaminated food without cleaning up adequately before handling the baby's toys, bottles, or pacifiers.</p> <h3>Signs and Symptoms</h3> <p>Symptoms of yersiniosis appear 4&ndash;7 days after exposure and can last up to 3 weeks. They include <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a>, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and bloody <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a>. Sometimes, older kids also get pain in the lower right side of the abdomen, which can mimic <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/appendicitis.html/">appendicitis</a>. Some people also have a sore throat along with other symptoms.</p> <p>If your child has these symptoms, call your doctor. For infants, it's particularly important to call the doctor as soon as symptoms appear to prevent the infection from leading to other health problems.</p> <p>In rare cases, the infection can cause a skin rash called <strong>erythema nodosum</strong>, or joint pain that appears a month after the initial symptoms. The rash usually appears on the legs and trunk. The joint pain is usually in the larger joints and is thought to be due to an immune system response. These symptoms usually go away with time but can last several months.</p> <p>The diagnosis of <em>Yersinia</em> can be confirmed with a stool culture. If the <em>Yersinia</em> infection leads to an infection of the blood, known as <strong>bacteremia</strong>, it can be confirmed with a blood culture.</p> <h3>Treatment</h3> <p>Diarrhea caused by yersiniosis generally goes away on its own, though in some cases antibiotics are prescribed. In infants, however &mdash; particularly those who are 3 months old or younger &mdash; it can develop into bacteremia. Infants who contract yersiniosis are usually treated in a hospital.</p> <p>Depending on the severity of the diarrhea, your doctor may suggest modifying your child's diet for 1 or 2 days and encouraging your child to drink more fluids (which may include drinks with electrolytes to replace body fluids quickly).</p> <p>If your child has frequent bouts&nbsp;of diarrhea, watch for signs of dehydration, including:</p> <ul> <li>severe thirst</li> <li>dry mouth or tongue</li> <li>sunken eyes</li> <li>dry skin</li> <li>not peeing as often as usual</li> <li>in infants, a dry diaper for several hours</li> <li>no tears when crying</li> <li>looking lethargic</li> </ul> <h3>Prevention</h3> <p>To reduce the risk of yersiniosis, take these precautions:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Don't serve or eat raw or undercooked meat.</li> <li>Drink and serve only pasteurized milk and milk products.</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">Wash hands</a> with soap and water particularly before eating and preparing food; before touching infants or their toys, bottles, or pacifiers; and after contact with animals or handling raw meat.</li> <li>Use separate cutting boards for meat and other foods.</li> <li>Clean all cutting boards, countertops, and utensils with soap and hot water after preparing raw meat.</li> <li>Always cook meat thoroughly before you eat it, especially pork products.</li> <li>Dispose of animal feces and sanitize anything they have touched.</li> <li>Avoid drinking directly from natural water sources such as ponds and mountain streams, particularly if the water is near farmland where cattle, pigs, or goats are raised.</li> <li>As you care for a family member who has diarrhea, remember to wash your hands thoroughly before touching other people and before handling food.</li> <li>If your pet dog or cat has diarrhea, wash your hands frequently as you care for it, and check with your veterinarian about treatment and/or contagiousness.</li> </ul> <h3>When to Call the Doctor</h3> <p>Call your doctor if your child:</p> <ul> <li>has diarrhea streaked with blood</li> <li>is vomiting</li> <li>has abdominal pain</li> <li>has a fever</li> </ul> <p>With some rest, kids with&nbsp;yersiniosis usually make a full recovery quickly.</p>
Being Safe in the KitchenCooking and baking are lots of fun - as long as you stay safe. Read this article for safety tips before you head into the kitchen.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/safe-in-kitchen.html/b6d4b44b-a395-42ab-8fa7-2d403a7fd4bb
Campylobacter InfectionsThese bacterial infections can cause diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Good hand-washing and food safety habits can help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/campylobacter.html/1b376c32-47d6-42a6-9eed-50dbd918e201
DiarrheaNearly everybody gets diarrhea every once in a while, and it's usually caused by gastrointestinal infections. It's nothing to be embarrassed about. Read this article to learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diarrhea.html/a6f9f493-2ca8-437a-b4bb-4909ac75b2fc
E. ColiUndercooked burgers and unwashed produce are among the foods that can harbor E. coli bacteria and lead to infection and severe diarrhea. Here's how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/e-coli.html/e50859c8-aed8-4e36-80cf-946493dc4f12
FeversFevers happen when the body's internal "thermostat" raises the body temperature above normal. This is often the body's way of fighting infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/42ab5a5d-1c03-493e-acf5-0ac569d1b946
Food PoisoningSometimes, germs can get into food and cause food poisoning. Find out what to do if your child gets food poisoning - and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-poisoning.html/3574049c-833d-4fb5-b597-6a9d1c4aae09
Food SafetyLearn why food safety is important and how you can avoid the spread of bacteria when you are buying, preparing, and storing food.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/c6a206a5-5abf-4711-bbc3-86943d8a9e36
Food Safety for Your FamilyWhy is food safety important? And how can you be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/0caf1e5d-2bda-4ba7-8855-560f9e30f791
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantDid you know that the most important thing you can do to keep from getting sick is to wash your hands? If you don't wash your hands frequently, you can pick up germs from other sources and then infect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/handwashing.html/83630582-a0c6-4b77-97f9-6b26970fd4af
Listeria InfectionsListeriosis is a serious infection caused by eating contaminated food. It mostly affects pregnant women, newborns, and adults with weakened immune systems. Here's how to protect your family.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/listeria.html/2f32dca2-6ed4-4bed-b516-cb1060fc8231
Salmonella InfectionsSalmonellosis is a foodborne illness caused by the bacteria salmonella. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, and headache.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/salmonellosis.html/fdb3d696-ad27-427b-84fc-8039b5218074
SalmonellosisPeople often think of salmonellosis as food poisoning, but food is only one way the bacteria Salmonella can be spread.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/salmonellosis.html/4c9aa097-9055-452f-a15a-b78978d2a675
Shigella Infections (Shigellosis)Shigella are bacteria that can infect the digestive tract and cause a wide range of symptoms, from diarrhea, cramping, vomiting, and nausea, to more serious complications and illnesses.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/shigella.html/67699f01-6635-4ef1-b4c4-5f749ba2f73f
Stool Test: Bacteria CultureA stool culture helps doctors determine if there's a bacterial infection in the intestines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-bac-culture.html/219b0003-f766-4465-88ea-71463f490add
Stool TestsYour child's doctor may order a stool collection test to check for blood, bacteria, ova, or parasites. Find out how this test is performed and when you can expect the results.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest8.html/74d5d87f-1ab7-4c11-a9bc-126a3da3e933
What Are Germs?You know they can hurt you, but what are these invisible creatures? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/germs.html/cd877075-9d39-4c9a-b4f8-d67cb341050f
Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands?Washing your hands is the best way to stop germs from spreading. Learn all about the best way to wash your hands in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/wash-hands.html/ae19eff8-ac7c-44be-bd9f-b2efe6953f6d
Word! BacteriaIf you're feeling crummy, it's probably because nasty bacteria or some other germs have gotten into your body and made you sick.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-bacteria.html/7bb83a46-6c12-4936-9800-851a281c47d3
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