Vocal Cord Dysfunctionenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_05_2.jpgVocal cord dysfunction means that the vocal cords partially close during breathing, so air has more trouble getting through.vocal cord dysfunction, vocal cords, cords, chords, vocal chords, trouble breathing, wheeze, wheezing, raspy, rasping, hoarse, horse, spirometry, pulmonary function, pulmonary, lungs, respiratory, Otolaryngology, ear, nose, and throat, ENT, lung function, challenge test, gerd, reflux, asthma, asma, laryngoscopy, stress, triggers12/13/201801/31/201901/31/2019Patrick C. Barth, MD01/01/20192685da60-f90f-4638-92ff-0f4d5eb08910https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vocal-cord-dysfunction.html/<h3>What Is Vocal Cord Dysfunction?</h3> <p>Vocal cord dysfunction means that the vocal cords partially close during breathing, so air has more trouble getting through. The vocal cords are two pieces of tissue stretched across the voice box. They vibrate to make sound when a person speaks.</p> <p>Vocal cord dysfunction is also called paradoxical vocal laryngeal dysfunction or paradoxical vocal fold movement.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Vocal Cord Dysfunction?</h3> <p>A child with vocal cord dysfunction may:</p> <ul> <li>have trouble breathing, especially when breathing in (inhaling or getting air in). This can be scary and need medical care.</li> <li>cough or clear the throat</li> <li>wheeze or make raspy sounds during breathing</li> <li>be hoarse or have other voice changes</li> <li>have chest pain or throat tightness</li> </ul> <p>The symptoms of vocal cord dysfunction almost never happen while a child is sleeping.</p> <h3>What Causes Vocal Cord Dysfunction?</h3> <p>Children with vocal cord dysfunction have "triggers." These are things or situations that they're very sensitive to. The trigger makes the vocal cords partially close, which causes breathing problems.</p> <p>Common triggers include:</p> <ul> <li>infections, such as a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cold.html/">cold</a> or the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/flu-center.html/">flu</a></li> <li>irritants in the air, such as perfumes, pollution, dust, pepper, etc.</li> <li>exercise and other physical activities, like dancing, playing hard, or jumping around</li> <li>stressful situations, such as worrying about school or family problems</li> </ul> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/allergy.html/">Allergies</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gerd-reflux.html/">acid reflux</a> (chronic indigestion) can make vocal cord dysfunction worse.</p> <h3>Who Gets Vocal Cord Dysfunction?</h3> <p>Most children with vocal cord dysfunction are 6 years of age or older. It happens more often in girls than boys.</p> <h3>How Is Vocal Cord Dysfunction Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose vocal cord dysfunction, doctors will:</p> <ul> <li>do an exam</li> <li>ask about the symptoms</li> </ul> <p>Doctors also use tests such as:</p> <ul> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spirometry.html/">spirometry</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lung-function.html/">pulmonary (lung) function</a> tests:</strong> to measure how fast and how much air flows during breathing</li> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/laryngoscopy.html/">laryngoscopy</a>:</strong> to see the vocal cords using a tiny camera on the end of a thin tube</li> <li><strong>a challenge test:</strong> to make symptoms happen while the doctor looks at the vocal cords. To start symptoms, the child may run on a treadmill, ride a bike, or take a special medicine.&nbsp;</li> </ul> <p>The symptoms of vocal cord dysfunction and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/asthma-center.html/">asthma</a> can be similar. So doctors will check to see if a child has vocal cord dysfunction, asthma, or both.&nbsp;</p> <p>Vocal cord dysfunction is the most likely cause when:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>The breathing trouble happens during exercise. (In <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/exercise-asthma.html/">exercise-related asthma</a>, symptoms tend to happen soon after exercise.)</li> <li>The doctor hears wheezing sounds coming from the child's neck when listening with a stethoscope. (In asthma, the wheezing sounds come from the chest.)</li> <li>Medicines that usually work well for treating asthma do not help the child's breathing.</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Vocal Cord Dysfunction Treated?</h3> <p>Vocal cord dysfunction is treated by an ear, nose, and throat doctor (ENT, also called an otolaryngologist), a pulmonologist, and a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/speech-therapy.html/">speech therapist</a>. They work together to help the child learn to relax the vocal cords while breathing.</p> <p>Treatment for vocal cord dysfunction may also include:</p> <ul> <li>practicing breathing exercises</li> <li>using biofeedback</li> <li>avoiding irritating fumes or dust</li> <li>staying hydrated to help the vocal cords work well</li> </ul> <p>The doctor may recommend medicines to treat allergies or acid reflux if they make the vocal cord dysfunction worse.</p> <p>If <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stress.html/">stress</a> plays a role, the ENT doctor may ask a psychiatrist or psychologist to join the treatment team. They can help the child understand the cause of the stress and learn the best way to handle it.</p> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>With practice, most kids with vocal cord dysfunction can learn to avoid triggers, relax the vocal cords, and manage stress to help ease or stop symptoms. Sometimes symptoms come back and the health care team will start treatment again or use a different treatment.</p>Disfunción de las cuerdas vocalesUna disfunción de las cuerdas vocales es cuando las cuerdas vocales se cierran parcialmente mientras respiramos, lo que hace que el aire tenga más problemas para avanzar.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/vocal-cord-dysfunction-esp.html/f1495fb1-55ce-4c95-be68-feb66d311c44
AsthmaAsthma is a lung condition that makes it hard to breathe. Learn all about asthma here. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asthma.html/fdec47a5-6cd6-4e9d-bd40-d8f4a3e7dc08
Asthma Asthma makes it hard to breathe. But with treatment, the condition can be managed so that kids can still do the things they love. Learn all about asthma. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-basics.html/93904ebb-464e-4afd-9e00-2509c3cef428
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)Babies who are born prematurely or who experience respiratory problems shortly after birth are at risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), sometimes called chronic lung disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bpd.html/8a1b6269-a56f-4d11-8f03-0193baf4ccdf
Exercise-Induced AsthmaMany kids with asthma have symptoms when they exercise. But with careful management, they usually can do anything their peers can do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/exercise-asthma.html/255d6738-c26e-4848-b426-abc18818580c
Getting a Spirometry Test (Video)A spirometry test is as easy as blowing out birthday candles. Watch how the test is done in this video for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/video-spirometer.html/7ad918e9-b568-477b-a5a6-a6ed44645e46
SpirometrySpirometry measures how much and how quickly someone breathes in and out. It can help diagnose and monitor diseases that make it hard to breathe.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spirometry.html/5f382324-d515-4b12-a264-bda46fdd12f5
Spirometry (Video)This video shows what it's like to get a spirometry test.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/video-spirometer.html/93b9a83f-93a3-4f5c-86a3-1846ae4dfb93
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-otolaryngologyEarNoseThroatkh:clinicalDesignation-pulmonologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-otolaryngologyEarNoseThroatLungs & Respiratory Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/lungs/804af3e6-468e-4721-b805-eb88e113b3c3Ears, Nose, Throat/Speech & Hearinghttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/ears/8749295b-10fa-4ce8-91f9-befbe3b41833