Vitamin Denparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Vitamin_D_enHD_1a.jpgVitamin D is needed for strong bones, but is hard to come by because it's found in few foods. Here's how to make sure kids get enough vitamin D.vitamin D and your child, vitamin D, supplements, vitamin-D fortified, egg yolk, milk, juice, sun, sunscreen, fish, tuna, getting enough calcium, vitamins, minerals, supplements, vitamin supplements, breast fed, breast feed, breastfeed, breast feeding, breastfed, breastfeeding, weaning, supplementation, osteoporosis, thinning bones, healthy bones, bone, oily fish, sun exposure, calcium, bone health, bone building07/02/201509/27/201809/27/2018Richard W. Kruse, DO and Susan M. Dubowy, PA-C08/14/2017cb52769b-c11c-4976-8c31-ff3f43db6043https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vitamin-d.html/<h3>What Is Vitamin D?</h3> <p>Vitamin D is a nutrient that helps the body take in calcium from the foods that we eat. Together, calcium and vitamin D build bones and keep them strong. Vitamin D also plays a part in heart health and fighting infection.</p> <h3>Why Do Kids Need Vitamin D?</h3> <p>Kids need vitamin D to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strong-bones.html/">build strong bones</a>. Vitamin D also <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/b-bone.html/">helps bones heal</a> after an injury or surgery.</p> <h3>Where Does Vitamin D Come From?</h3> <h4>The Sun</h4> <p>Our bodies make vitamin D when our skin is exposed to the sun. It's hard to get enough vitamin D from the sun, though. Most kids and adults spend lots of time indoors at school and work. When outdoors, it's important to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sunscreen.html/">protect skin</a> to prevent <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/melanoma.html/">melanoma</a> and skin damage from too much sun exposure.</p> <h4>Food</h4> <p>Very few foods have vitamin D naturally. The foods with the most are fatty fish and fish oils. Kids don't eat these foods a lot. That's why food companies add vitamin D to milk, yogurt, baby formula, juice, cereal, and other foods.</p> <p>Adding vitamin D to foods is called "fortifying." It's helpful, but it still may not be enough.</p> <h4>Supplements</h4> <p>To get enough vitamin D, children often need to take a multivitamin with vitamin D or a vitamin D supplement. Vitamin D is sometimes labeled as vitamin D3.</p> <p><img class="left" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/vitDsupplements_a_enIL.jpg" alt="Most kids need a vitamin D supplement to get enough each day." /></p> <p>You can buy vitamin D pills, gummies, chewables, liquids, and sprays in stores without a prescription. Ask your child's health care provider for advice on choosing the right one.</p> <h3>How Much Vitamin D Does My Child Need?</h3> <p>Vitamin D is measured in international units (IU).</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Babies younger than 1 year old need 400 IU of vitamin D a day.</strong> Baby formula has 400 IU per liter, so babies who drink at least 32 ounces of formula each day get enough. If your baby takes only breast milk or gets less than 32 ounces of formula each day, ask your health care provider about giving your baby a vitamin D supplement.</li> <li><strong>Kids older than 1 year need 600 IU or more of vitamin D a day.</strong> Health care providers often want healthy kids to take 600 to 1,000 IU daily.</li> </ul> <p>Some kids might need more vitamin D, such as those who:</p> <ul> <li>have certain medical problems (for instance,&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/overweight-obesity.html/">obesity</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/celiac-disease.html/">celiac disease</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cf.html/">cystic fibrosis</a>, multiple fractures, or bone pain)</li> <li>are healing from bone surgery (such as after <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spinal-fusion.html/">fusion surgery for scoliosis</a>)</li> <li>are taking medicines (like anti-seizure medicines) that block the way the body uses vitamin D</li> </ul> <p>Your health care provider can talk to you about whether your child needs a vitamin D supplement.</p> <h3>How Can I Help My Child Get Enough Vitamin D?</h3> <p>Because vitamin D is so important, you'll want to be sure your child gets enough. Giving your child a daily supplement or a multivitamin with vitamin D is the easiest way to do this.</p> <p>Health care providers might order a blood test if they think a health problem is keeping a child from getting enough vitamin D. If doctors don't think your child has a health problem, there's no need for a blood test.</p> <h3>What About Calcium?</h3> <p>Vitamin D helps the body absorb <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/calcium.html/">calcium</a>, a building block for strong bones. Unlike with vitamin D, kids usually can get enough calcium from food. High-calcium foods include milk, cheese, and yogurt. Food makers often fortify foods like cereal, bread, or juice with calcium.</p>Vitamina DLa vitamina D es un nutriente importante que actúa junto con el calcio para ayudar a generar huesos y mantenerlos fuertes. La vitamina D también desempeña un papel en la prevención de problemas de salud, como las enfermedades cardíacas, la diabetes, la osteoporosis y la disminución de la masa de los huesos.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/vitamin-d-esp.html/e09d3f23-d582-4489-b51c-ffbdea343901
3 Ways to Build Strong BonesWe build almost all our bone density when we're kids and teens. Kids with strong bones have a better chance of avoiding bone weakness later in life. Here's how parents can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strong-bones.html/20c29bc1-aff5-4265-a1e7-160442604f56
Bones, Muscles, and JointsOur bones, muscles, and joints form our musculoskeletal system and enable us to do everyday physical activities.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/d55a922b-e87a-49e0-82ae-0c5a0773cee9
CalciumMilk and other calcium-rich foods help build strong, healthy bones. But most kids and teens don't get enough calcium. Here's how to make sure that yours do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/calcium.html/04158c7a-d9df-4d75-b405-4b41c400391d
Does Nonfat Milk Provide the Same Nutrients as Whole Milk?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/skinny-skim-milk.html/efe93a3a-a2f5-4989-80c6-67721270427e
Eating During PregnancyTo eat well during pregnancy, your extra calories should come from nutritious foods that contribute to your baby's growth and development.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eating-pregnancy.html/d1bea4f3-86e5-4b49-80c3-45c58c1d0fd4
Figuring Out Food LabelsFind out how to make healthy food choices for your family by reading food labels.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-labels.html/9401fbd6-52f0-4a25-ab3e-56c1794d3350
MineralsJust like vitamins, minerals help your body grow, develop, and stay healthy. Find out more about minerals in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/minerals.html/bc051eed-fcf1-4b88-9b3f-d2c6aa044702
Nutrition Guide for ToddlersWhile growth slows somewhat during the toddler years, it's a new era where kids will eat and drink more independently.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/toddler-food.html/774434a1-8fe8-4977-87c9-84f158ec4fff
Pregnant or Breastfeeding? Nutrients You NeedLearn which nutrients you need while pregnant or breastfeeding, and easy ways to add them to your diet.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/moms-nutrients.html/5186a8b0-6ccd-4a91-b897-4a71a77c503d
Sun SafetyBy teaching kids how to enjoy fun in the sun safely, parents can reduce their risk for developing skin cancer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sun-safety.html/bc26aff9-60cc-47da-a3b8-154ec64ac649
Vitamins and MineralsVitamins and minerals are nutrients that the body needs to work properly. They boost the immune system, promote normal growth and development, and help cells and organs do their jobs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/vitamins-minerals.html/7db5e5be-3935-4119-b49b-bb2e8a5ba349
Your BonesWhere would you be without your bones? Learn more about the skeletal system in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/bones.html/ba77b482-c6eb-47da-90a4-3cb148f38f4d
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-gastroenterologyAndNutritionWeightManagementkh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-gastroenterologyAndNutritionWeightManagementManaging Health Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cerebralpalsy-center/cp-healthcare/c3441eff-b2e9-402b-a9e4-caa7dd66cae4Healthy Eating & Your Familyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nutrition-center/healthy-eating/820bad5b-c255-4034-b617-dc1d9e09ab97https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/vitDsupplements_a_enIL.jpg