Depressionenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P_UnderstandDepress_enHD_AR1.jpgDepression is the most common mental health disorder in the U.S. If you think your child is depressed, you'll want to learn more about what depression is, what causes it, and what you can do to help.depression, depressed, in a bad mood, too sad, major depression, depressive, sadness, ptsd, sad, disorder, dysthymias, my child is withdrawn, my child is depressed, melancholy, bad moods, negative feelings, major depression, bipolar, bipolar disorder, mood disrders, hopelessness, mania, tempers, deaths, divorces, moving, moves, chronic illnesses, seriously ill, medicines, stresses, sleeping patterns, appetites, guilty, worthlessness, down in the dumps, alcohol, drugs, suicides, suicidal, psychiatry, psychology, psychiatric, psychological, developmental medicines, behavioral medicines, general pediatrics, CD1Psychology/Psychiatry, CD1Psychology/Psychiatry, CD1Behavioral Health, CD1Autism04/26/200009/27/201809/02/2019D'Arcy Lyness, PhD08/14/20163b9aee44-7f8c-4ec3-9f08-3c1ad8e26f37https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-depression.html/<h3>About Depression</h3> <p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">It's normal for kids to feel sad, down, or irritated, or to be in bad moods from time to time. But when negative feelings and thoughts linger for a long time and limit a child's ability to function normally, it might be depression.</span></p> <p>Depression is a type of mood disorder. The main sign is when kids are sad, discouraged, or irritable for weeks, months, or even longer. Another sign a kid might have depression is negative thinking. This includes focusing on problems and faults, being mostly critical and self-critical, and complaining a lot.</p> <p>Depression can interfere with energy, concentration, sleep, and appetite. Kids with depression may lose interest in activities and schoolwork, seem tired, give up easily, or withdraw from friends or family.</p> <p>When kids have depression, it's hard for them to make an effort, even when doing things they used to enjoy. Depression can make kids feel worthless, rejected, or unlovable. It can make everyday problems seem more difficult than they actually are. When depression is severe, it can lead kids to think about self-harm or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/suicide.html/">suicide</a>.&nbsp;</p> <p><img class="left" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/depressionSupportChild_a_enIL.png" alt="Offer support and show your feelings of love and concern for your child like giving them a hug." /></p> <h3>Recognizing Depression</h3> <p>It can be hard&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">for parents and other adults to know when a child is depressed. An irritable or angry mood might seem like a bad attitude or disrespect. Low energy and lack of interest might look like not trying. Parents (and kids and teens themselves) may not realize that these can be signs of depression.</span></p> <p>Because depression can show up in different ways and might be hard to see, it helps to let a doctor know if feelings of sadness or bad moods seem to go on for a few weeks..</p> <h3><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Diagnosing Depression and Other Mood Disorders</span></h3> <p>When diagnosing depression and similar mood disorders, doctors and mental health professionals use different categories. They all have depressed mood as a main symptom, but they develop in different ways. For example:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Major depression</strong><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">&nbsp;is an intense episode of depression that has developed<span style="line-height: 16.8px;">&nbsp;recently&nbsp;</span>and has&nbsp;lasted for at least 2 weeks.</span></li> <li><strong style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Chronic depression</strong><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;"> (also called dysthymia) is a milder depression that has developed more gradually, and has lasted for 2 years or longer.</span></li> <li><strong style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Adjustment disorder with depressed mood</strong><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">&nbsp;is depression that has developed after an upsetting event &mdash;&nbsp;anything from a natural disaster to a death in the family.</span></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sad.html/" style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;"><strong>Seasonal affective disorder</strong></a><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">&nbsp;is a kind of depression that is related to light exposure. It develops when hours of daylight are shorter; for example, during winter months.</span></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-bipolar.html/"><strong style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Bipolar disorder</strong></a><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;"> (also called manic depression or bipolar depression) is a condition that includes episodes of major depression and, at other times, episodes of mania (emotional highs).</span></li> <li><strong style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder</strong><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;"> is a pattern of intense, frequent temper tantrums; outbursts of aggression and anger; and a usual mood of irritability that has lasted for at least a year in a child older than 6.</span></li> </ul> <h3>Getting Help</h3> <p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Depression and other mood disorders can get better with the right attention and care. But problems also can continue or get worse if they're not treated. </span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">If you think your child might be depressed or has a problem with moods:</span></p> <p><strong>Talk with your child about depression and moods.&nbsp;</strong><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Kids might ignore, hide, or deny how they feel. Or they might not realize that they're depressed. Older kids and teens might act like they don't want help, but talk with them anyway. Listen, offer your support, and show love.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Schedule a visit to your child's pediatrician.</strong> The doctor will probably do a complete physical exam. A full exam lets the doctor check your child for other health conditions that could cause depression-like symptoms. If the doctor thinks your child has depression, or a similar mood disorder, he or she may refer you to a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finding-therapist.html/">specialist</a> for evaluation and treatment.</p> <p><strong>Contact a mental health specialist.</strong>&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Depression can get better. But without help, it can last or get worse. A child or adolescent psychiatrist or psychologist can evaluate your child and recommend treatment. </span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Therapists treat depression and other mood disorders with talk therapy, sometimes medicine, or both. Parent counseling is often part of the treatment, too. It focuses on ways parents can best support and respond to a kid or teen going through depression.</span></p> <h3>More Ways to Help</h3> <p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Treatment with a therapist is important. But you play an important role, too. At home, these simple but powerful things can&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">help your child deal with depression.</span></p> <p><strong>Be sure your child eats nutritious foods, gets enough sleep, and gets daily physical activity.</strong> These have positive effects on mood.</p> <p><strong>Enjoy time together.</strong> Spend time with your child doing things you both can enjoy. Go for a walk, play a game, cook, make a craft, watch a funny movie. Gently encouraging positive emotions and moods (such as enjoyment, relaxation, amusement, and pleasure) can slowly help to overcome the depressed moods that are part of depression.</p> <p><strong>Be patient and kind.</strong> When depression causes kids and teens to act grumpy and irritable, it's easy for parents to become frustrated or angry. Remind yourself that these moods are part of depression, not intentional disrespect. Avoid arguing back or using harsh words. Try to stay patient and understanding. A positive relationship with a parent helps strengthen a child's resilience against depression. &nbsp;</p>DepresiónEs normal que los niños se pongan tristes, se sientan desanimados, estén irritables o decaídos de vez en cuando. Pero, cuando los sentimientos y los pensamientos negativos se prolongan durante mucho tiempo y limitan la capacidad del niño para funcionar con normalidad, se puede tratar de una depresión.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/understanding-depression-esp.html/badc096a-05f1-4fe2-8a2b-223b7b573556
5 Ways to Help Yourself Through DepressionIt's important to take action against depression - it doesn't just go away on its own. In addition to getting professional help, here are 5 ways to feel better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/depression-tips.html/55fdf5eb-0627-463c-94e2-a43d7822d692
A to Z: Bipolar DisorderLearn about depressive disorders, mental illnesses, and conditions that affect moods and the brain.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-bipolar.html/46a32e47-b9c0-4e68-8fbb-a15bd885fd9d
About Teen SuicideWhen a teen commits suicide, everyone is affected. The reasons behind a suicide or attempted suicide can be complex, but often there are warning signs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/suicide.html/e5d8251a-59a1-4497-88b5-6cb66cd2631e
Anxiety DisordersAnxiety is a normal part of growing up, and all kids experience it. But when it becomes extreme, it can interfere with a child's overall happiness.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anxiety-disorders.html/5869cf33-aa1f-4c87-93db-318b8ad91aee
Bipolar DisorderBipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive disorders that affect the way a person's brain functions. Find out more about bipolar disorder.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bipolar.html/4a2e14e8-c372-47a8-bb43-25d7dd9ff2a1
Childhood StressBeing a kid doesn't always mean being carefree - even the youngest tots worry. Find out what stresses kids out and how to help them cope.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stress.html/59de098b-e356-4b1b-b504-c8afae76e1de
CuttingIt can be hard to understand, but people who cut themselves sometimes do it because it actually makes them feel better. They are overflowing with emotions - like sadness, depression, or anger - that they have trouble expressing.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cutting.html/33dde8f5-8c32-469a-a30f-fa40ca15efc6
Death and GriefIf someone close to you has died, you probably feel overwhelmed with grief. Read about some things that might help you cope.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/someone-died.html/01d87622-8128-4340-9f92-6fe325b3ab7e
DepressionDepression is very common. For more information about depression and feeling better, check out this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/depression.html/313901c9-c72a-4f03-831b-94ab61da2856
Finding Low-Cost Mental Health CareIf you need mental health care but don't think you can afford it, you're not alone. Get tips on finding low-cost or free mental health care in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/mhealth-care.html/1d8bc05d-7696-4dda-910b-0d06f3855508
Going to a TherapistWhat's it like to go to a psychologist, psychiatrist, or therapist? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/going-to-therapist.html/98f4f29c-08f9-42ae-84d2-a492759ee506
Helping Teens Who CutCutting isn't new, but this form of self-injury has been in the spotlight more in recent years. Learn more how to help a teen who cuts.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/help-cutting.html/f5c8fb47-5ee2-4954-bb28-26f15902e5f0
My Friend Is Talking About Suicide. What Should I Do?Have you heard that people who talk about suicide won't go through with it? That's not true. Read this article to learn some of the other warning signs that a person is considering suicide.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/talking-about-suicide.html/f8fcae3e-357d-4bb8-871e-f3c197bbae11
Posttraumatic Stress DisorderSometimes after experiencing a traumatic event, a person has a strong and lingering reaction known as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Getting treatment and support can make all the difference.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ptsd.html/713e332a-8629-4b08-a45b-0a5bc0501ec1
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Kids and teens who live through a traumatic event can develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Healing is possible with the help of professional counseling and support from loved ones.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ptsd.html/92c63abe-dcb4-4c38-9ed3-a7aaabdaea05
Sadness and DepressionEveryone is sad once in a while. But depression is a sadness that goes on too long and hurts too much. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/depression.html/f5bae932-e007-4fc5-b712-271e8bdff1ab
Seasonal Affective DisorderA person with SAD typically experiences symptoms of depression as winter approaches and daylight hours become shorter.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sad.html/608ae23c-e862-452f-885f-4fa23f9539ed
Stress & Coping CenterVisit our stress and coping center for advice on how to handle stress, including different stressful situations.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/stress-center.html/31890be1-2161-48bf-9246-74d3be74d3b3
SuicideWe all feel overwhelmed by difficult emotions or situations sometimes. Here are the warning signs of suicide and ways to get help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/suicide.html/0a05aa15-ecc1-4f57-a687-e486849ab43c
Taking Your Child to a TherapistMany children and teens have problems that affect how they feel, act, or learn. Going to therapy helps them cope better, feel better, and do better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finding-therapist.html/36c31f3c-0467-4e71-8c7e-c6274c9f2c8f
Talking to Parents About DepressionIf you feel depressed, you need to reach out for help and support. Read our tips for teens on talking to parents about depression.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/talk-depression.html/e9b2e976-c37c-4c41-82c4-90e6bffaf1ad
When Depression Is SevereSevere depression can cloud a person's thinking and lead some people to think that life isn't worth living. But severe depression can be treated. Find out what to do and how to get help in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/severe-depression.html/f8a6f7b0-feaf-499d-b2a1-ebdb48a21c3d
Why Am I So Sad?Feeling down? Got the blues? Everyone feels sad sometimes. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/sadness.html/c6213bde-43e4-470c-956a-ba3256bcadf0
Why Do People Get Depressed?There's no one reason why people get depressed - many different things can play a role. Find out more about the things that can trigger depression.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/why-depressed.html/d1e33cf3-a49d-4f8e-863b-f9423ee608d5
Word! DepressionIt's normal to feel sad sometimes, but if you feel that way for a long time, and you never feel happy, it's called depression.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-depression.html/ce7dbc50-c60b-4ef6-a18f-f15a0a5406ad
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-behavioralHealthkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-behavioralHealthDealing With Feelings When Your Child Has Cancerhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/feelings/3c5539b0-3777-480a-b65e-6423016dd7e3Caring for Your Childhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hearthealth/livingheartcond/a5caa6fd-b063-42fe-933e-6802d2bf0897Emotionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emotions/feelings/b0520316-31b1-481c-9869-510ceb0094d1https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/depressionSupportChild_a_enIL.png