Tummy Timeenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_01_2.jpgTummy time helps babies strengthen their neck and shoulder muscles and prepare them for crawling. Here's how to do it.tummy time, sit babies up, baby exercises, flat spots, flat spot, soft spot, positional plagiocephaly, flat heads, misshapen head, flat head, flattened heads, head shapes, sleep positions, babies and sleep, torticollis, synostosis, craniosynostosis, skull, sutures, fontanel, crib, strollers, playpens, sids, sudden infant death syndrome, helmets, wedge pillows, pediatrics, nicu, birth, newborns, back to sleep, sleeping on the back09/23/201910/28/201910/28/2019Mary L. Gavin, MD10/21/20197be90b4b-2b7f-4ba4-a14a-e32b924e7c28https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tummy-time.html/<h3>What Is Tummy Time?</h3> <p>Tummy time is laying babies on their stomachs for brief periods while they're awake. It's an important way to help babies strengthen their neck and shoulder muscles, and improve motor skills.</p> <p>Be sure to stay with your baby and watch closely during tummy time.</p> <h3>What Can Tummy Time Help With?</h3> <p>Tummy time is good for:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/movenewborn.html/">Newborns</a> and infants <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/move13m.html/">1&ndash;3 months old</a> who are just developing neck control. Tummy time helps develop the muscles they'll need to roll over, sit up, crawl, and walk. Always stay with your baby during tummy time.</li> <li>Older babies, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/move47m.html/">4&ndash;7 months old</a>. They should still spend some supervised time on their bellies, even if they can roll over and sit with some help. Tummy time helps them practice lifting their head and chest further by straightening their arms. This strengthens arm, chest, and back muscles.</li> <li>Newborns who have a neck condition called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/torticollis.html/">torticollis</a> (tor-ti-KOLL-iss). Tight neck muscles keep the baby from turning their head. Tummy time encourages babies to look around, and along with exercises your doctor will show you, can help your baby's neck muscles relax.</li> <li>Babies with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/positional-plagiocephaly.html/">flat head syndrome (positional plagiocephaly)</a>. This happens when babies spend too much time on their backs in the first few months of life. This can cause a flat spot, either on one side or the back of the head.</li> </ul> <h3>How Do I Do Tummy Time?</h3> <h4>Newborns</h4> <p>Start newborns on tummy time by placing them belly-down on your chest or across your lap for a few minutes at a time, two or three times a day. While lying on their belly, they can practice lifting their head and strengthening the neck and shoulder muscles. As your baby gets used to it, you can go for a little longer.</p> <h4>Older Babies</h4> <p>Place a blanket down in a clear area on the floor. Place your baby on their stomach on the blanket for 3&ndash;5 minutes to start, several times each day. Your baby may get fussy and frustrated in this position. Keep the first sessions of tummy time brief and gradually lengthen them. It's also a good idea to do tummy time when your baby is fed, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diapering.html/">changed</a>, and happy.</p> <p>As your baby gets used to it, place your little one belly-down more often or for longer periods of time. Experts recommend that babies work up to about 1 hour of tummy time a day by the time they're 3 months old.</p> <p>Make some noises or shake a rattle to get your child to look up and push up. Place a favorite toy in front of your baby to encourage reaching and forward movement.</p> <p><img class="center_this" title="Three ways babies can do tummy time to strengthen their neck, arm, and shoulder muscles." src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/tummyTime_a_enIL.jpg" alt="Three ways babies can do tummy time to strengthen their neck, arm, and shoulder muscles." /></p> <h4>Babies With Torticollis or a Flat Spot</h4> <p>This exercise is good for babies with torticollis and/or a flat spot, and can help treat both problems:</p> <ul> <li>Lay your baby on your lap for tummy time. Position your baby with their head turned away from you. Then, talk or sing to your baby. Encourage your little one to turn and face you. Do this exercise for 10&ndash;15 minutes.</li> </ul> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Always stay with your baby during tummy time.</li> <li>Always place babies on their backs (never on their bellies) to sleep to help prevent <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sids.html/">SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)</a>.</li> <li>Do tummy time on a low, safe surface. Don't put your baby on a sofa or bed, where they could roll off or suffocate on pillows or a soft surface.</li> </ul> <p>If your baby doesn't seem to enjoy tummy time, add some variety. Sing songs, keep colorful toys nearby, get down on the floor and eye-to-eye with your baby, and have others join you. Don't give up! Tummy time is important, and some babies just need a little extra time to get used to it.</p>Posición boca abajoLa posición boca abajo consiste en dejar a los niños boca abajo durante breves períodos de tiempo mientras están despiertos. Es una forma importante de ayudar a los bebés a fortalecer los músculos del cuello y los hombros, y a mejorar sus habilidades motrices.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/tummy-time-esp.html/f50a47b7-4224-40d6-9365-edefbf9334c1
Choosing Safe Baby Products: CribsWhen you choose a crib, check it carefully to make sure that your baby's sleep space is safe. Here's how.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/products-cribs.html/d980fe2c-c5ad-48e8-9eeb-4b115c3dc80d
Flat Head Syndrome (Positional Plagiocephaly)Babies can develop a flat spot on the back of their heads, usually from sleeping in the same position too long. Alternating your baby's sleep position and providing lots of "tummy time" can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/positional-plagiocephaly.html/1865b41e-75ec-4177-b337-911e03786255
Household Safety: Preventing Injuries in the CribYour baby will spend a lot of time in the crib, and it's your job to make sure it's always a safe environment. Here's how to ensure the safety of your littlest sleeper.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safety-crib.html/0ff1a48e-b3c7-4b8c-9c7c-8c5d216a3e82
Infant TorticollisBabies with this condition have trouble turning their heads, due to muscle tightness. Simple stretching exercises and physical therapy can help babies get better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/torticollis.html/671c6e02-a963-4224-bf13-afb1fb35bcbe
Looking at Your Newborn: What's NormalWhen you first meet your newborn, you may be surprised by what you see. Here's what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/newborn-variations.html/b4629b06-91b5-41c6-8dfd-f8d494164574
Movement, Coordination, and Your 1- to 3-Month-OldThe reflexes they had just after birth start to disappear as babies this age gain more control over movements and interact more with their environment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/move13m.html/9bdfa795-4977-40bd-9fe1-ac63a82a9c46
Movement, Coordination, and Your 4- to 7-Month-OldAt this age, kids are learning to roll over, reach out to get what they want, and sit up. Provide a safe place to practice moving and lots of interesting objects to reach for.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/move47m.html/9759da63-550a-472d-98c1-eaafbe326bcc
Movement, Coordination, and Your NewbornIt may seem like all babies do is sleep, eat, and cry, but their little bodies are making many movements, some of which are reflexes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/movenewborn.html/bc155a68-b011-44aa-8599-a1f5e773df0a
Sleep and Your 1- to 3-Month-OldAt this age, babies generally have their days and nights straightened out. Many infants even "sleep through the night," which means 5 or 6 hours at a time.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep13m.html/2b29e784-62a4-46fd-b270-ea8055ef7c46
Sleep and Your 4- to 7-Month-OldBy this age, your baby should be on the way to having a regular sleep pattern, sleeping longer at night, and taking 2 or 3 naps during the day.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep47m.html/09851fbb-44e6-4d18-907c-e36db668b800
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)SIDS is the leading cause of death among infants 1 month to 1 year old. Though SIDS remains unpredictable, you can help reduce your infant's risk.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sids.html/58ae28d3-c0fd-4dd9-af5f-c37c0474ff17
TorticollisTorticollis is a common condition that causes a stiff neck or neck pain that makes it difficult for kids to turn their heads.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/torticollis-kids.html/4b686120-945a-4fda-9642-000ffefbfeca
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:age-babyZeroToOnekh:clinicalDesignation-neonatologykh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsMovement, Coordination & Your Babyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-newborn/movement/227d4eba-8c93-4888-a98e-5fc0c1e679a5Movementhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth/movement/a3e78ad6-dde7-4042-9089-ab801d04a89ehttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/tummyTime_a_enIL.jpg