Thumb Hypoplasiaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Design_928_Thumb_Hypoplasia_enHD_1.jpgBabies with thumb hypoplasia are born with a thumb that is smaller than normal, or with the thumb missing completely.Thumb Hypoplasia, hypoplasia, hypoplastic, hypoplastic thumb, missing thumb, no thumb, pollicization, index pollicization, small thumb, thumb is too small, syndactyly, webbed, joined fingers, webbed fingers, webbed toes, joined toes, digits, conjoined, polydactyly, Symbrachydactyly, Thumb Duplication, Thumb Hypoplasia, Radial Club Hand, ortho, orthopedist, orthopedic, orthopaedic, ortho surgery, extremities, upper extremities, hand surgery, foot surgery, Ulnar Club Hand, clubfoot, club foot, too many fingers, not enough fingers, conjoined fingers, conjoined toes, hand disorders, orthopedic surgeons, conjoined digits06/06/201810/31/201809/02/2019Jennifer M. Ty, MD06/01/2018c8fbf7e7-948b-4209-b1ed-e038838968e2https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thumb-hypoplasia.html/<h3>What Is Thumb Hypoplasia?</h3> <p>Babies with thumb hypoplasia are born with a thumb that is smaller than normal, or with the thumb missing completely. Sometimes the bones of the wrist or arm are smaller or missing too. Thumb hypoplasia can happen on one or both hands.</p> <h3>What Causes Thumb Hypoplasia?</h3> <p>Thumb hypoplasia (also called <strong>hypoplastic thumb</strong>) happens before a baby is born. When a baby's hands are first forming, they are shaped like mittens. Then the fingers and thumb develop. In babies with thumb hypoplasia, the thumb does not form completely. Thumb hypoplasia is not caused by anything a mother did or did not do while pregnant.</p> <h3>Who Gets Thumb Hypoplasia?</h3> <p>Any baby can be born with thumb hypoplasia . Sometimes, it happens as part of a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetics.html/">genetic</a> syndrome .</p> <h3>How Is Thumb Hypoplasia Diagnosed?</h3> <p>A prenatal <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/prenatal-ultrasound.html/">ultrasound</a> might show thumb hypoplasia. Otherwise, doctors diagnose it when a baby is born.</p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-finger.html/">X-rays</a> of the bones in the thumbs and hands will help the surgeon decide on the best kind of treatment. Other tests might be done to see if the thumb hypoplasia is part of a genetic syndrome.</p> <h3>How Is Thumb Hypoplasia Treated?</h3> <p>The thumb is a very important part of the hand. Surgery is usually recommended to improve a small or weak thumb. If the thumb is missing, the index finger can be made into a new thumb (this is called pollicization ).</p> <p>After surgery, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/">occupational therapy (OT)</a> and home exercises can help a child learn to use the thumb.</p> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>After treatment, most children with thumb hypoplasia learn to do all the usual things that kids do. Offer support as your child learns how to use his or her hands well.</p>Hipoplasia del pulgarLos bebés con hipoplasia del pulgar nacen con un pulgar más pequeño de lo normal o sin él. A veces, los huesos de la muñeca o del brazo también son más pequeños o faltan por completo. La hipoplasia del pulgar puede afectar a una o a ambas manos.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/thumb-hypoplasia-esp.html/8ea59c6c-763c-403d-9a9b-4fee0b97dec2
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
Occupational TherapyOccupational therapy can help improve kids' cognitive, physical, and motor skills and build their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/e6873992-af60-4bab-82d9-3bd1fe9ad5a3
PolydactylyPolydactyly is when a baby is born with an extra finger on the hand or an extra toe on the foot. It can be on one or both hands or feet.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/polydactyly.html/684055dc-071c-4973-8ce6-9281a43185ae
Radial DysplasiaBabies with radial dysplasia (also called radial club hand) are born with a short or missing radial bone. This makes the wrist turn in.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radial-dysplasia.html/6fa65f17-f1df-47fb-8f7b-35cb8efeccb5
SymbrachydactylyBabies with symbrachydactyly are born with short often webbed fingers. Some might be missing fingers.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/symbrachydactyly.html/afe1b0ce-964d-477a-a395-e1f81141358c
SyndactylySyndactyly is when a baby is born with two or more fingers or toes joined or "webbed" together. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/syndactyly.html/5edd8317-51f6-443c-b25c-5ec74bd7218b
Thumb DuplicationBabies with thumb duplication (or thumb polydactyly) are born with an extra thumb on one or both hands. Most will have surgery to fix the problem.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thumb-duplication.html/f0a9cba2-ac76-470e-9d43-4345a6d57493
Ulnar DysplasiaBabies with ulnar dysplasia (also called ulnar club hand) are born with a short or missing ulnar bone. This makes the wrist turn out.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ulnar-dysplasia.html/99df5db6-d7ab-419d-bae9-56fd26c29bcd
X-Ray Exam: FingerDoctors may order a finger X-ray to find the cause of symptoms such as pain, tenderness, or swelling, or to detect broken bones or dislocated joints.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-finger.html/3a43d22f-4cd4-4a9e-b5b8-ca7c9eba5fd6
X-Ray Exam: HandA hand X-ray can help find the cause of pain, tenderness, swelling, and deformity. It also can detect broken bones or dislocated joints.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-hand.html/64b6be7e-e187-4bd6-a004-a72afbdf6296
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:age-toddlerOneToThreekh:clinicalDesignation-generalSurgerykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedBones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97