Oral Thrushenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-infectThrush-enHD-AR1.jpgOral thrush, a very common infection in infants that causes irritation in and around the baby's mouth, often goes away on its own without medical treatment.oral thrush, candida, yeast infection in babies, baby infections, skin infections in babies, skin infections in infants, mouth infections in infants, oral candidiasis, diaper rash, fungi, fungal, yeast, mouth infection, oral infection10/19/200509/30/201909/30/2019Michelle P. Tellado, MD09/12/20191bc611e3-a254-4f88-9e60-5a7a8249e09chttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thrush.html/<h3>What Is Oral Thrush?</h3> <p>Oral thrush is a very common yeast infection in babies. It causes irritation in and around a baby's mouth.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Oral Thrush?</h3> <p>Oral thrush (also called <strong>oral candidiasis</strong>) can affect anyone, but is most common in babies younger than 6 months old and in older adults.</p> <p>A baby with oral thrush might have cracked skin in the corners of the mouth or white patches on the lips, tongue, or inside the cheeks that look a little like cottage cheese but can't be wiped away.</p> <p>Some babies may not feed well or are uncomfortable when sucking because their mouth feels sore, but many babies don't feel any pain or discomfort.</p> <h3>What Causes Oral Thrush?</h3> <p>Oral thrush is caused by the overgrowth of a yeast (a type of fungus) called <em>Candida albicans</em>.</p> <p>Most people (including infants) naturally have <em>Candida</em> in their mouths and digestive tracts, which is considered normal growth. Usually, a healthy&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a>&nbsp;and some "good" bacteria control t<span style="font-size: 1em;">he amount of this fungus in the body</span><span style="font-size: 1em;">.</span></p> <p>But if the immune system is weakened (from an illness or medicines like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/">chemotherapy</a>) or not fully developed (as in babies), <em>Candida</em> in the digestive tract can overgrow and lead to an infection. <em>Candida</em> overgrowth also causes <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diaper-rash.html/">diaper rash</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/yeast-infection.html/">vaginal yeast infections</a>. Babies can have oral thrush and a diaper rash at the same time.</p> <p><em>Candida</em> overgrowth also can happen after a baby has been given antibiotics for a bacterial infection because antibiotics can kill off the "good" bacteria that keep the <em>Candida</em> from growing. Oral thrush also can happen after the use of steroid medicines.</p> <h3>How Is Oral Thrush Treated?</h3> <p>See your doctor if you think your baby may have thrush. Some cases go away without medical treatment within a week or two, but the doctor may prescribe an antifungal solution for your baby's mouth. This medicine is usually applied several times a day by "painting" it on the inside of the mouth and tongue with a sponge applicator.</p> <p>Depending on your baby's age, the doctor also might suggest adding yogurt with lactobacilli to your baby's diet. The lactobacilli are "good" bacteria that can help get rid of the yeast in your child's mouth.</p> <p>If your baby keeps getting oral thrush, especially if he or she is older than 9 months old, talk with your doctor because this might be a sign of another health issue.</p> <h3>Can Oral Thrush Be Prevented?</h3> <p>Oral thrush is a common infection in babies, but you can help prevent it:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>If you formula-feed your baby or use a pacifier, thoroughly clean the nipples and pacifiers in hot water or a dishwasher after each use. That way, if there's yeast on the bottle nipple or pacifier, your baby won't be reinfected. Store milk and prepared bottles in the refrigerator to prevent yeast from growing.</li> <li>If you breastfeed and your nipples are red and sore, you might have a yeast infection on your nipples, which you and your baby can pass back and forth. Talk to your doctor, who might recommend using an antifungal ointment on your nipples while your baby is treated with the antifungal solution.</li> </ul> <p>To prevent <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diaper-rash-sheet.html/">diaper rash</a>, change diapers often.</p>Muguet (candidiasis oral)El muguet es una infección muy habitual en los lactantes que causa irritación en y alrededor de la boca del bebé.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/thrush-esp.html/2ffdf1a7-3b1e-41f6-899c-3bbf144b8fbd
Breastfeeding FAQs: Pain and DiscomfortHere are answers to some common questions about preventing and reducing breastfeeding discomfort, such as nipple and breast pain.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/breastfeed-discomfort.html/579037fc-488a-4e9e-ac81-c0681f45d9c4
Breastfeeding FAQs: Some Common ConcernsHere are answers to some questions about common breastfeeding concerns - from biting to spitting up.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/breastfeed-concerns.html/e59a81bb-1506-4716-9eec-6394e778587b
Diaper RashDiaper rash is a very common infection that can cause a baby's skin to become sore, red, scaly, and tender. In most cases, it clears up with simple changes in diapering.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diaper-rash.html/4e56cce8-b9cd-4679-8625-8504e7ada219
First Aid: Diaper RashDiaper rash is a common skin condition in babies. In most cases, the condition clears up quickly with a few simple changes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diaper-rash-sheet.html/e08bb97b-d0af-4401-a06c-1efe43e35c82
Formula Feeding FAQs: Some Common ConcernsRead about how to manage common formula-feeding concerns, from spitting up and fussiness to gas and milk allergies.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/formulafeed-concerns.html/c24a582e-fa68-4a7b-9d43-7f45f9d18fe6
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are the microscopic bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa that can cause disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/78b1159a-926b-4cce-aeaa-d5220def6a58
Medical Care and Your NewbornBy the time you hold your new baby for the first time, you've probably chosen your little one's doctor. Learn about your newborn's medical care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mednewborn.html/bbcc2be8-a088-404a-bd56-f3fc8f953710
Vaginal Yeast InfectionsWhat are vaginal yeast infections? Can anything be done to prevent them?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/yeast-infections.html/478f4ae9-3eaf-476b-a76b-9ad1e0cafb7a
Fungal Infections (Ringworm, Yeast, etc.)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fungal/9990588d-74c3-4428-b146-2b4d9fba0cd9Learn about rashes and other conditions caused by fungal infections.kh:age-babyZeroToOnekh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsNewborn Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-center/newborn-care/92cfa6ea-2e13-47d8-a2c6-6678383a3c14Fungal Infections (Ringworm, Yeast, etc.)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/fungal/9990588d-74c3-4428-b146-2b4d9fba0cd9Newborn Health Conditionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-center/newborn-health-conditions/85832563-037d-4bcf-b68e-8877d94e4fd5Skin Infections & Rasheshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/skin/5aeb606d-89ae-4a7c-b37c-880aee453419