Thrombocytopeniaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_01_2.jpgThrombocytopenia is when someone has too few platelets in their bloodstream. Many things can cause it and most can be treated.thrombocytopenia, low platelet count, platelets, bruising, bruises, petechiae, purpura, hematuria, large dark spots, bleeding in the brain, bleeding, brain bleed, chemotherapy, chemo, lupus, chemo side effects, aplastic anemia, bone marrow failure, bone marrow, bone marrow biopsy, red spots on the skin, leukemia, blood cancer, hematologist, hematology, hem onc, ibuprofen, aspirin, immune thrombocytopenic purpura, red blood cells, blood cells, disseminated intravascular coagulation, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, hemolytic uremic syndrome, spleen, anticonvulsants, antibiotics, red blood cell transfusion, Evans syndrome, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, autoimmune neutropenia, bleeding gums, bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, oncologist, oncology, 11/26/201811/19/201911/19/2019Robin E. Miller, MD01/01/2019d9183719-05d5-48b3-9b17-d38283e3bec1https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thrombocytopenia.html/<h3>What Is Thrombocytopenia?</h3> <p>Thrombocytopenia (throm-buh-sye-tuh-PEE-nee-uh) is when there aren't as many normal platelets in the blood as there should be. Platelets are tiny colorless cells in the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood.html/">blood</a> that help the blood clot. Like all blood cells, platelets are made in the bone marrow (the spongy inner part of bones).</p> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"> <!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-metadata.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-controller.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/single-how-blood-works-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Thrombocytopenia?</h3> <p>A child with a platelet count that is only a little low may not have any symptoms. But if the count drops low enough, a child might have one or more of these problems:</p> <ul> <li>easy bruising</li> <li>bleeding gums</li> <li>bleeding from minor wounds or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nose-bleed.html/">nosebleeds</a> that's hard to stop</li> <li>small red or purple spots on the skin called petechiae (peh-TEE-kee-eye)</li> <li>purple spots that look like bruises called purpura (PURR-pyur-ah)</li> <li>blood in vomit, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hematuria.html/">urine (pee)</a>, or stool (poop)</li> </ul> <p>The most serious type of bleeding that can happen is bleeding in the brain. Bleeding in or around the brain can't be seen, but it can cause <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/headache.html/">headaches</a> or changes in thinking or behavior.</p> <h3>What Causes Thrombocytopenia?</h3> <p>Many things can cause thrombocytopenia. Some are very serious and need medical treatment. Others are not serious and may clear up on their own with time.</p> <p>Causes of thrombocytopenia include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/">chemotherapy</a>, which can kill or injure the cells that make platelets</li> <li>other medicines, which may suppress production of platelets</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune-thrombocytopenia.html/">immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)</a>, where the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a> destroys platelets</li> <li>viral infections, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mono.html/">mononucleosis (mono)</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-leukemia.html/">leukemia</a>, a kind of blood cancer</li> <li>bone marrow failure (sometimes called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aplastic-anemia.html/"><strong>aplastic anemia</strong></a>)</li> <li>autoimmune diseases like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lupus.html/">lupus</a></li> <li>some inherited (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genetic</a>) problems</li> <li>other health conditions that destroy platelets or use them up too quickly</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Thrombocytopenia Diagnosed?</h3> <p>A doctor may suspect thrombocytopenia if a child has:</p> <ul> <li>easy bleeding</li> <li>bruising</li> <li>red spots on the skin</li> </ul> <p>The doctor will examine the child, ask questions, and order a blood test called a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest4.html/">complete blood count (CBC)</a>.</p> <p>If thrombocytopenia is diagnosed, more tests are done to figure out what's causing it. The tests needed depend on the child's medical history , the exam results, and what the blood test shows.</p> <p>Sometimes, doctors order a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aspiration.html/">biopsy</a> to get a sample of bone marrow for testing and to check under a microscope.</p> <h3>How Is Thrombocytopenia Treated?</h3> <p>The treatment for thrombocytopenia depends on:</p> <ul> <li>what's causing it</li> <li>how low the platelet count is</li> <li>whether or not there is bleeding</li> </ul> <p>Sometimes no treatment is needed and the thrombocytopenia clears up on its own. But some types need medical treatment to raise the platelet count to a safer level and to treat the underlying cause.</p> <p>Thrombocytopenia is usually treated by a hematologist , a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating blood disorders.</p> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <p>Most of the time, thrombocytopenia either goes away on its own or can be treated successfully. But children with a low platelet count should take care to avoid injuries, especially to the head, because of the risk of bleeding.</p> <p>If your child has thrombocytopenia, the doctor will tell you which activities are safe and which to avoid. Your child also shouldn't take medicines that contain ibuprofen (such as Motrin or Advil) or aspirin because these can increase the risk of bleeding.</p>TrombocitopeniaLa trombocitopenia es cuando hay una cantidad menor de la normal de plaquetas en el torrente sanguĂ­neo. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/thrombocytopenia-esp.html/fe95e851-55be-433a-b6be-7cf3a4c3e093
AnemiaAnemia happens when there aren't enough healthy red blood cells in the body. It can be caused by many things, including dietary problems, medical treatments, and inherited conditions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/cadf550b-1db2-4772-9883-15e286b4dd16
Aplastic AnemiaAplastic anemia happens when the body can't make enough blood cells. A person can develop anemia, infections, and bleeding. Treatments can help with most kinds of aplastic anemia.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aplastic-anemia.html/12092cc9-c730-4501-9387-eb1b07fc6cef
Aspiration and Biopsy: Bone MarrowA bone marrow aspiration and biopsy are performed to examine bone marrow, the spongy liquid part of the bone where blood cells are made.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aspiration.html/5925b589-4487-4975-85f6-850dc8c31e07
Blood Find out about the mysterious, life-sustaining fluid called blood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/blood.html/4cbf9380-e4e4-445c-92a9-93f01a97516b
Blood Test: Complete Blood CountThe complete blood count (CBC) is the most common blood test. It analyzes red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest4.html/d215a09d-302c-4d09-84b9-239b78916755
ChemotherapyChemotherapy (chemo) is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of cancer cells.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/54f93018-4955-4463-b067-5621e285210f
Hemolytic AnemiaHemolytic anemia is a type of anemia that happens when red blood cells break down faster than the body can make them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia-hemolytic.html/96ee66f4-9630-48f3-b91e-211b818e0d91
Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP)Most kids who develop this inflammation of the blood vessels (marked by a raised red and purple rash) make a full recovery and have no long-term problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hsp.html/83567254-61a6-4f41-8c27-d8247f0e5a67
Immune SystemThe immune system, composed of special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs that protect against germs and microorganisms, is the body's defense against disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/d5495b69-ecfe-4b16-a87f-a9f5664e71d6
Immune ThrombocytopeniaImmune thrombocytopenia happens when the immune system attacks platelets. Viral infections often trigger this in children, but it usually goes away within 6 months. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune-thrombocytopenia.html/e3394139-7552-44ca-a443-e5de47938723
LeukemiaLeukemia refers to cancers of the white blood cells. With the proper treatment, the outlook for kids with leukemia is quite good.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-leukemia.html/d78fde51-319d-4c82-9476-e1e16f31c187
Side Effects of Chemotherapy and RadiationSide effects of cancer treatment can include flu-like symptoms, hair loss, and blood clotting problems. After treatment ends, most side effects go away.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/side-effects-chemo-radiation.html/df2c8342-81c8-46a6-a0ce-43094e8143ff
Stem Cell TransplantsStem cells help rebuild a weakened immune system. Stem cell transplants are effective treatments for a wide range of diseases, including cancer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stem-cells.html/d98ca062-7d31-45ea-ae16-8fc40d54aea7
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-oncologykh:genre-articlekh:genre-videokh:primaryClinicalDesignation-hematologyCancer & Tumorshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/cancer/088d4c52-cd61-4cca-af46-82de410d892aAllergies & the Immune Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/allergies/22d1d841-c54a-4649-872e-9cd10af36de5Cancer Basicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/cancer-basics/9ea0efb4-12d0-4d11-8b46-923deeb7b806Heart & Blood Vesselshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/heart/e9ef0549-4392-4778-974d-753019ce4b8b