Tetanusenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-infectTetanus-enHD-AR1.jpgTetanus (also called lockjaw) is a preventable disease that affects the muscles and nerves, usually due to a contaminated wound.tetanus, difficulty swallowing, neonatal tetanus, unsanitary conditions, poor hygiene, contaminated, contamination, maternal antibodies, bacterial infections, clostridium tetani, tetanospasmin, cuts, cut, puncture wounds, puncture wound, burns, burn, frostbite, abortions, abortion, drug abuse, skin popping, popping skin, nerves of the brain, spinal cord, immunization, immunizations, tetanus shots, vaccine, vaccines, dtp injections, dtap vaccines, diphtheria tetanus pertussis, whooping cough, stepping on a nail, nail, stepped on a nail, step on a nail, deep cut, deep wound, gangrene, gangreen, muscle spasms, tetanus prophylaxis, skin wound, lockjaw, trismus, muscle spasms in the jaw03/22/200011/19/201809/02/2019Ryan J. Brogan, DO07/20/2018016e45c3-44f1-41a3-97ec-7f97ed93f847https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tetanus.html/<h3>What Is Tetanus?</h3> <p>Tetanus, also known as <strong>lockjaw</strong>, is a serious but preventable disease that affects the body's muscles and nerves.</p> <p>Starting at 2 months of age, all babies in the United States are <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dtap-vaccine.html/">vaccinated</a> against tetanus. The disease is much more common in developing countries than it is in the United States.</p> <h3>What Causes Tetanus?</h3> <p>Tetanus is caused by a type of bacteria called <em>Clostridium tetani</em> that usually live in soil. The bacteria make a toxin (a chemical or poison that harms the body). This toxin attaches to nerves around a wound area and travels inside the nerves to the brain or spinal cord. There it interferes with the normal activity of nerves, especially the motor nerves that send direct messages to muscles.</p> <p>In the United States, most cases of tetanus follow a contaminated cut or deep puncture injury, such as a wound caused by stepping on a nail. Sometimes the injury is so small the person never even sees a doctor.</p> <p>Tetanus is most common in:</p> <ul> <li>injuries that involve dead skin, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/burns.html/">burns</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/frostbite.html/">frostbite</a>, gangrene, or crush injuries</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cuts-sheet.html/">wounds</a> contaminated with soil, saliva (spit), or feces, especially if not cleaned well</li> <li>skin punctures from nonsterile needles, such as with drug use or self-performed tattooing or body piercing</li> </ul> <h3>What Is Neonatal Tetanus?</h3> <p>Another form of tetanus, <strong>neonatal tetanus</strong>, happens in newborns born in unsanitary conditions, especially if the umbilical cord stump becomes contaminated. Routine immunizations and sanitary cord care have made newborn tetanus very rare in developed countries.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Tetanus?</h3> <p>Tetanus often begins with muscle spasms in the jaw (called <strong>trismus</strong>). Someone also can have trouble swallowing and stiffness or pain in the muscles of the neck, shoulders, or back. The spasms can spread to the muscles of the belly, upper arms, and thighs. The symptoms can happen days to months after exposure to the bacteria.</p> <h3>How Is Tetanus Treated?</h3> <p>Someone who has tetanus will be treated in a hospital, usually in the intensive care unit (ICU). There, they usually get antibiotics to kill bacteria and tetanus immune globulin (TIG) to neutralize the toxin already released. They'll also get medicines to control muscle spasms and may need treatment to support vital body functions.</p> <h3>Can Tetanus Be Prevented?</h3> <p>Yes. The two most important ways to prevent tetanus are:</p> <ol> <li>getting vaccinated against tetanus</li> <li>getting a shot (<strong>post-exposure tetanus prophylaxis</strong>) after an injury that could cause tetanus</li> </ol> <p>Tetanus immunization is part of the DTaP (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diphtheria.html/">diphtheria</a>, tetanus, and acellular pertussis) vaccinations. Kids usually get:</p> <ul> <li>a series of four doses of DTaP vaccine before 2 years of age</li> <li>another dose at 4–6 years of age</li> <li>a booster (Tdap) at 11–12 years of age, or later if it was missed</li> </ul> <p>Then, they should get a tetanus and diphtheria (Td) booster every 10 years through adulthood.</p> <p>The Tdap vaccine is also recommended for <strong>all pregnant women</strong> during the second half of each pregnancy, regardless of whether they had the vaccine before, or when it was last given.</p> <p>Neonatal tetanus can be prevented by making sure that all pregnant women have had their tetanus immunizations, by delivering babies in sanitary conditions, and by proper umbilical cord care.</p> <p>Post-exposure tetanus prophylaxis involves getting tetanus shots after an injury. Shots given will depend on:</p> <ul> <li>when the patient last had a booster</li> <li>the total number of tetanus vaccinations the patient has had</li> <li>the nature of the wound</li> </ul> <p>Any skin wound — especially a deep puncture or a wound that may be contaminated with feces, soil, or saliva — should be cleaned and dressed right away.</p> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>If you're not sure whether your kids have gotten their tetanus vaccinations, or if you know they're not fully immunized, call your doctor. If it's been more than 10 years since someone in your family got a tetanus booster, see your doctor to bring immunizations up to date.</p> <p>If a puncture or other deep wound happens, clean the wound and call the doctor to ask about post-exposure tetanus prophylaxis. If your child develops lockjaw or muscle spasms — particularly after a wound — get medical care right away.</p>TétanosEl tétano es una enfermedad grave que se puede prevenir y que afecta a los músculos y los nervios del cuerpo.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/tetanus-esp.html/61cd23a4-e6b3-44de-8c0a-2ab317eb692b
5 Tips for Surviving ShotsIf you're afraid of shots, you're not alone. Next time your doc asks you to roll up your sleeve, try these tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/tips-shots.html/710cd35a-a389-4d1f-8a42-301f4266a1b2
A Kid's Guide to ShotsIf you're old enough to read this, you've probably had most of your shots. But even bigger kids may need a shot once in a while. Find out more about them in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/guide-shots.html/27ec6b41-6c34-46f5-bacc-603b7019ad9f
Bites and ScratchesAnimal bites and scratches, even minor ones, can become infected and spread bacteria to other parts of the body, regardless of whether the animal is a family pet or a wild animal.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bites.html/4e8ac3d1-8055-40c3-8a28-6e240da58db1
Common Questions About ImmunizationsImmunizations have protected millions of children from potentially deadly diseases. Learn about immunizations and find out exactly what they do - and what they don't.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fact-myth-immunizations.html/f6cd5f64-54b9-49ed-a7aa-bdb2a2c06fbc
Cuts, Scratches, and ScrapesMost small cuts, scrapes, or abrasions heal on their own. Here are tips for teens on how to treat cuts at home - and when to get medical help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cuts.html/8a67c334-f7b8-4aeb-ba0b-d40c0329c38a
Dealing With CutsFind out how to handle minor cuts at home - and when to get medical care for a more serious injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bleeding.html/dd98d89c-e30e-4b99-8178-bb65cc8e9c3d
First Aid: CutsMost cuts can be safely treated at home. But deeper cuts - or any wounds that won't stop bleeding - need emergency medical treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cuts-sheet.html/e612779f-fd61-449d-947f-c96066443829
OsteomyelitisSometimes a bad cut that gets infected can lead to even worse things, like a bone infection called osteomyelitis. The easiest way to protect yourself is to practice good hygiene.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osteomyelitis.html/018fa95e-9847-44f8-8128-15ce46ab062b
TetanusTetanus is a bacterial infection that grows in a contaminated wound. Because it can be serious, it's important to get immunized. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/tetanus.html/f5369583-ec3a-4542-a901-8e0ee2ce7f72
Wound Healing and CareHow well a wound heals depends on where it is on the body and what caused it – as well as how well someone cares for the wound at home. Find out what to do in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/wounds.html/8698279b-71fb-496e-a138-9564f07e71f2
Your Child's ImmunizationsImmunizations protect kids from many dangerous diseases. Find out what vaccines your child needs to grow up healthy.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/b06a1e85-c797-4b31-bd74-814841e4cb8b
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61