Blood Test: Prothrombin Time (PT)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-testPT-enHD-AR1.gifDoctors may order a PT test as part of an evaluation for a bleeding disorder or to monitor the effects of blood-thinning medicine.prothrombin time tests, PT tests, diagnostic tests, blood tests, blood clots, clotting, platelets, thrombocytes, clotting factors, factor II, bleeding disorders, hemophilia, von Willebrand disease, vitamin K deficiency, vitamin K deficiencies, warfarin, blood-thinning medications03/02/200903/20/201909/02/2019344e908a-10c5-4cfd-a32b-1db33c322e34https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-pt.html/<h3>What Is a Blood Test?</h3> <p>A blood test is when a sample of blood is taken from the body to be tested in a lab. Doctors order blood tests to check things such as the levels of glucose, hemoglobin, or white blood cells. This can help them detect problems like a disease or medical condition. Sometimes, blood tests can help them see how well an organ (such as the liver or kidneys) is working.</p> <h3>What Is a Prothrombin Time Test?</h3> <p>A prothrombin time (PT) test measures how long it takes for a clot to form in a blood sample. Clotting is important to help prevent too much bleeding. Certain proteins (called clotting factors) are essential for blood to clot properly. If there aren't enough of these clotting factors, or any of them don't work as they should, it can take longer than normal for blood to clot.</p> <h3>Why Are PT Tests Done?</h3> <p>PT tests are done to check for bleeding problems. A child might have the test he or she has had a lot of bleeding or bruising, has a medical condition that can lead to problems with clotting, or is having surgery or a procedure that might cause bleeding. PT tests are also done to follow clotting levels in children who are on blood-thinning medicines.</p> <h3>How Should We Prepare for a PT Test?</h3> <p>Your child should be able to eat and drink normally unless also getting other tests that require fasting beforehand. Tell your doctor about any medicines your child takes because some drugs might affect the test results.</p> <p>Wearing a T-shirt or short-sleeved shirt for the test can make things easier for your child, and you also can bring along a toy or book as a distraction.</p> <h3>How Is a PT Test Done?</h3> <p>Most blood tests take a small amount of blood from a vein. To do that, a health professional will:</p> <ul> <li>clean the skin</li> <li>put an elastic band (tourniquet) above the area to get the veins to swell with blood</li> <li>insert a needle into a vein (usually in the arm inside of the elbow or on the back of the hand)</li> <li>pull the blood sample into a vial or syringe</li> <li>take off the elastic band and remove the needle from the vein</li> </ul> <p>In babies, blood draws are sometimes done as a "heel stick collection." After cleaning the area, the health professional will prick your baby's heel with a tiny needle (or lancet) to collect a small sample of blood.</p> <p>Collecting a sample of blood is only temporarily uncomfortable and can feel like a quick pinprick.</p> <p><img class="left" title="drawing_blood" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/bloodTest-400x760-rd1-enIL.gif" alt="drawing_blood" name="974-031609_BLOODTEST_RD7.GIF" /></p> <h3>Can I Stay With My Child During a PT Test?</h3> <p>Parents usually can stay with their child during a blood test. Encourage your child to relax and stay still because tensing muscles can make it harder to draw blood. Your child might want to look away when the needle is inserted and the blood is collected. Help your child to relax by taking slow deep breaths or singing a favorite song.</p> <h3>How Long Does a PT Test Take?</h3> <p>Most blood tests take just a few minutes. Occasionally, it can be hard to find a vein so the health professional may need to try more than once.</p> <h3>What Happens After a PT Test?</h3> <p>The health professional will remove the elastic band and the needle and cover the area with cotton or a bandage to stop the bleeding. Afterward, there may be some mild bruising, which should go away in a few days.</p> <h3>When Are PT Test Results Ready?</h3> <p>Blood samples are processed by a machine, and it may take a few hours to a day for the results to be available. If the test results show signs of a problem, the doctor might order other tests to figure out what the problem is and how to treat it.</p> <h3>Are There Any Risks From PT Tests?</h3> <p>A PT test is a safe procedure with minimal risks. Some kids might feel faint or lightheaded from the test. A few kids and teens have a strong fear of needles. If your child is anxious, talk with the doctor before the test about ways to make the procedure easier.</p> <p>A small bruise or mild soreness around the blood test site is common and can last for a few days. Get medical care for your child if the discomfort gets worse or lasts longer.</p> <p>If you have questions about the PT test, speak with your doctor or the health professional doing the blood draw.</p>Análisis de sangre: tiempo de protrombina (TP)Es posible que los médicos indiquen llevar a cabo un análisis PT como parte de una evaluación para identificar la existencia de un trastorno hemorrágico. Aunque no haya síntomas, los médicos suelen utilizar este análisis PT para asegurarse de que la capacidad de coagulación sea normal antes de que el paciente se someta a cirugía.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/test-pt-esp.html/b1534f7a-546c-44ce-934c-205fa91335ae
Blood Test (Video)These videos show what's involved in getting a blood test and what it's like to be the person taking the blood sample.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/video-bldtest.html/267eef2d-8579-44db-adcb-641db49d0ec0
Blood Test: Factor VIII ActivityA factor VIII activity blood test enables doctors to evaluate the functioning of a protein that helps blood to clot.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-factor8.html/826ed6c2-4388-4d69-8bdb-ad875c2fb65b
Blood Test: Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT)A partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test is used to evaluate blood's ability to clot. It may be done as part of an evaluation for a bleeding disorder or to monitor the effects of blood-thinning medicine.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-ptt.html/b47fe61b-9541-4746-9d93-0a626c56920b
Blood Test: von Willebrand Factor (vWF) AntigenDoctors order the vWF antigen test to help diagnose or monitor the treatment of von Willebrand disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-vwf-antigen.html/cad9ecdb-185f-4c4f-af3e-2555a20cf316
Getting a Blood Test (Video)A blood test might sound scary, but it usually takes less than a minute. Watch what happens in this video for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/video-bldtest.html/13ac3212-6f5c-4741-8827-24b1c5a9549e
HemophiliaHemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder that prevents the blood from clotting properly. With modern treatment, most kids who have it can lead full, healthy lives.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hemophilia.html/9e46706c-9005-4518-b61e-a3dc7210ed55
Von Willebrand DiseaseEasy bruising and excessive bleeding can be signs of Von Willebrand disease, a genetic disorder that affects blood's ability to clot.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vwd.html/de8a5ff7-01d2-4fbe-8123-234c81492d72
von Willebrand DiseaseWhen people have Von Willebrand disease, their blood doesn't clot properly. Many teens with VWD have such mild symptoms that they never know they have it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/vwd.html/ca3af116-9148-4590-9f0a-30ff8eee840b
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-pathologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-pathologyCaring for Your Childhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hearthealth/livingheartcond/a5caa6fd-b063-42fe-933e-6802d2bf0897Medical Tests & Examshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/medical/b5327501-2bda-444b-8df1-a1af15af79cbhttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/bloodTest-400x760-rd1-enIL.gif