Tapewormenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-tapeworm-enHD-AR1.jpgTapeworms are usually more upsetting to think about than to deal with. Tapeworm infections are rare in the United States, and they're usually easy to treat.worm, worms, tapeworms, digestive, tract, digestion, intestine, intestines, infect, infection, infected, egg, eggs, poop, anus, feces, stool, food, safety, protect, protection, risk, segment, grow, contagious, pass on, catch, parasite, parasites, nausea, kids and tapeworms, kids with tapeworms, tapeworm infection in kids, tapeworm infections in children, abdominal pain, weight loss, lose weight, appetite, taeniasis, cysticercosis, cyst, cysts, lump, lumps, masses, pork, fish, beef, food safety, undercooked, travel safety, intestinal parasites, teens and tapeworm, teens with tapeworms, anti parasite, systicercosis11/22/201111/01/201911/01/2019Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD10/14/2019d8194e96-8736-4b58-9b6c-3e2db7b99b7ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tapeworm.html/<h3>What Is a Tapeworm Infection?</h3> <p>Tapeworms are flat worms that can live in a person's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/">digestive tract</a>. Tapeworm infections are rare in the United States. When they do happen, they're easy to treat. Often, people may not know they have a tapeworm infection because they have no symptoms or their symptoms are mild.</p> <h3>What Causes a Tapeworm Infection?</h3> <p>Tapeworms get into the body when someone eats or drinks something that's infected with a worm or its eggs. Once inside the body, the tapeworm head attaches to the inner wall of the intestines and feeds off the food being digested. Pieces of the tapeworm break off and come out of the body in feces (poop), along with the eggs they contain. If this infected poop gets into soil or water, it can infect other people or animals.</p> <p>Most people with a tapeworm infection got it by:</p> <ul> <li>eating raw or undercooked beef, pork, or fish infected with tapeworm<br />or</li> <li>contact with poop that contains tapeworm eggs. People can pass tapeworm eggs to others when they don't wash their hands after using the bathroom. Tapeworm eggs in feces can then spread into food or onto surfaces like doorknobs.</li> </ul> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Tapeworm Infection?</h3> <p>Most kids who have a tapeworm infection don't notice anything. It can take months or years for signs to start. Then, a child might complain of:</p> <ul> <li>mild nausea</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a></li> <li>belly pain</li> <li>weight loss</li> </ul> <p>Kids with a tapeworm infection may feel a piece of the worm coming out through the anus (where the poop comes out). You may even see a piece of worm in the poop.</p> <p>A tapeworm that's in the intestines for a long time can get big and block the appendix or other organs, leading to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/appendicitis.html/">appendicitis</a> and other problems.</p> <p>There are different types of tapeworm. One (fish tapeworm) can cause <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/">anemia</a> because it uses up the vitamin B12 that a person needs to make red blood cells.</p> <p>The eggs of another type of tapeworm (pork tapeworm) cause a disease called cysticercosis (sis-tuh-ser-KOE-sis). This happens when pork tapeworm eggs from poop get into someone's mouth. (It doesn't happen from eating contaminated pork.) They hatch into larvae, then go through the intestinal wall and enter the bloodstream. From there they can travel to different organs in the body, such as muscles, eyes, or brain, where they form cysts. This can lead to:</p> <ul> <li>lumps under the skin</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/">seizures</a></li> <li>vision problems</li> <li>an abnormal heartbeat</li> <li>weakness or trouble walking</li> </ul> <p>Cysticercosis is rare in the United States, but common in many developing countries.</p> <h3>How Is a Tapeworm Infection Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose a tapeworm infection, doctors will collect and examine a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-oandp.html/">stool sample</a> on 3 different days to check for tapeworm eggs or pieces of worm. They may also do a blood test.</p> <p>If a child could have cysticercosis, the doctor might recommend a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ct-head.html/">CT (CAT) scan</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri-brain.html/">MRI</a> of the brain or other organs to look for cysts.</p> <h3>How Is a Tapeworm Infection Treated?</h3> <p>Doctors treat tapeworm infections with prescription anti-parasite drugs. Often, one dose is enough.</p> <p>For cysticercosis that causes <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hydrocephalus.html/">hydrocephalus</a> (excess fluid in the brain), doctors may put in a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vp-shunts.html/">shunt</a> to drain excess fluid. Surgeons will remove cysts if they cause problems with the eyes, liver, lungs, heart, or other organs.</p> <h3>Can Tapeworm Infections Be Prevented?</h3> <p>To help protect your family from tapeworm infections:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Wash your hands well and often with soap and warm water, especially after using the bathroom and before touching food. Teach your kids to do the same.</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/">Cook meat</a> until juices run clear and the centers are no longer pink.</li> <li>Cook fish until it is solid in color (no longer clear) and flakes when separated with a fork.</li> <li>Freeze meat for 24 hours before cooking to kill any tapeworm eggs.</li> </ul> <p>If you live in or travel to areas where tapeworm infections are common:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Wash and cook all fruits and vegetables with safe water.</li> <li>Avoid raw or undercooked meat and fish, raw fruits and vegetables that you didn't peel yourself, and any food from street vendors.</li> <li>Drink only water that's been boiled for at least a minute, bottled water, or other beverages in bottles and cans.</li> <li>At restaurants, ask if their water and ice are filtered.</li> </ul> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Call a doctor if:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>You see worms in your child's poop.</li> <li>Your child shows signs of infection after travel to an area that doesn't have good sanitation.</li> <li>Your child has masses or lumps under the skin and develops a fever, headache, or any of the other symptoms of cysticercosis.</li> </ul> <p>If your child has seizures or trouble moving, walking, or talking, go to the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/emergency-room.html/">emergency room</a> right away.</p>Lombriz solitariaLa lombriz solitaria es un gusano parásito que vive en el aparato digestivo. Las infecciones de lombriz solitaria no son comunes en los Estados Unidos, y cuando ocurren, son fáciles de tratar.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/tapeworm-esp.html/b3aafe2a-d3cc-4206-b318-ea3bafbae162
AmebiasisAmebiasis is an intestinal illness transmitted when someone eats or drinks something that's contaminated with a microscopic parasite.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/amebiasis.html/b310b6cc-8a54-4b7d-8101-b84231338943
AscariasisAscariasis is an intestinal infection that occurs when the eggs of a parasitic roundworm are ingested. Read about signs and symptoms, treatment, and tips for prevention.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ascariasis.html/089698e9-533a-4f18-839e-0bf3d1b9f74e
ConstipationConstipation is a very common problem that usually happens because a person's diet doesn't include enough fluids and fiber. In most cases, making simple changes can help you feel better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/constipation.html/081f841e-c4c9-493e-a8df-160a60905046
Digestive SystemMost people think digestion begins when you first put food in your mouth. But the digestive process actually starts even before the food hits your taste buds.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/digestive-system.html/c0f765e4-a9d9-43fc-983b-b0b49ed76cfd
Pinworm InfectionsPinworm is an intestinal infection caused by tiny parasitic worms. But pinworms don't cause any harm (just itching), and it won't take long to get rid of them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pinworm.html/405bcbf0-f0e0-4942-a9ae-0f9e1dfa9c6f
StomachachesLots of different problems can cause similar kinds of stomach pain - not all of them related to the digestive system. Here are some clues about what could be going on.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/stomachaches.html/f9b9598e-0232-4add-9fea-e6a8591cb740
Stool TestsYour child's doctor may order a stool collection test to check for blood, bacteria, ova, or parasites. Find out how this test is performed and when you can expect the results.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest8.html/74d5d87f-1ab7-4c11-a9bc-126a3da3e933
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseDigestive Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/digestive/226681c6-87ab-4259-ac66-0886c67d75a6Gastrointestinal Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/stomach/00f6a5fa-9cac-45b3-b8c6-34813730a1eb