First Aid: Strains and Sprainsenparents's what to do if you think your child has pulled or torn a muscle, ligament, or tendon.strain, strains, sprains, sprain, muscle, muscles, torn muscle, torn muscles, tear in muscle, tear of muscle, torn ligament, torn tendon, torn ligaments, torn tendons, tear in ligament, tear in tendon, tear of ligament, tear of tendon, swelling, swollen, reduce swelling, decrease swelling, decreased strength, cold compress, ice, trouble bearing weight, problems bearing weight, bruising, increasing bruising, increased bruising, tenderness, numbness, feeling of pins and needles, pins and needles, infection, warmth, redness, pain, limb pain, stretch, stretching, warm up, warm-up, warmup, sports, sport, sports injury, working out, workout, work out, exercise, exercising, protective equipment, emergency, emergency room, my child has a sprain, my child has a strain01/19/200407/13/201809/02/2019Kate M. Cronan, MD07/02/2018aa0c960e-042f-41d9-bba0-ae658f8dabf1<p><a href=""><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="" alt="First Aid" name="4990-P_FIRSTAID_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p>Strains are injuries to muscle or tendons (which connect muscle to bone) due to overstretching. Sprains involve a stretch or a partial tear of ligaments (which connect two bones). <a class="kh_anchor">Sprains and strains</a> happen more often in teens than in younger children.</p> <h3>Signs and Symptoms</h3> <ul> <li>pain in the joint or muscle</li> <li>swelling and bruising</li> <li>warmth and redness of the injured area</li> <li>trouble moving the injured part</li> </ul> <h3>What to Do</h3> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Make sure your child stops activity right away.</li> <li>Think <strong>R.I.C.E.</strong> for the first 48 hours after the injury: <ul> <li><em><strong>R</strong></em>est: Rest the injured part until it's less painful.</li> <li><em><strong>I</strong></em>ce: Wrap an icepack or cold compress in a towel and place over the injured part immediately. Continue for no more than 20 minutes at a time, four to eight times a day.</li> <li><em><strong>C</strong></em>ompression: Support the injured part with an elastic compression bandage for at least 2 days.</li> <li><em><strong>E</strong></em>levation: Raise the injured part above heart level to decrease swelling.</li> </ul> </li> <li>Give your child <a href="">ibuprofen</a> or <a href="">acetaminophen</a> for pain and swelling.</li> </ul> <h3>Get Emergency Medical Care if Y<strong style="font-size: 1em;">our Child Has:</strong></h3> <ul> <li>severe pain when the injured part is touched or moved</li> <li>continued trouble bearing weight</li> <li>more bruising</li> <li>numbness or a feeling of "pins and needles" in the injured area</li> <li>a limb that looks "bent" or misshapen</li> <li>signs of infection (increased warmth, redness, streaks, swelling, and pain)</li> <li>a strain or sprain that doesn't seem to be improving after 5 to 7 days</li> </ul> <h3>Think Prevention!</h3> <p>Teach kids to warm up properly and to stretch before and after exercising or participating in any sport, and make sure they <strong>always wear appropriate protective equipment</strong>.</p>
A to Z: Sprain, KneeA knee sprain happens when a ligament is stretched or torn because the knee gets twisted, bent, or hit.
A to Z: Sprain, WristA sprain is the stretch or partial tear of ligaments (which connect two bones). A wrist sprain happens when the ligaments that support the wrist bend or twist too far.
Achilles TendonitisIf the tendon just above your heel becomes swollen or irritated due to overuse, it can lead to a painful condition called Achilles tendonitis. Find out how to treat it - and prevent it.
Ankle SprainsA sprained ankle is a very common injury that happens when the ligaments that support the ankle get overly stretched or torn. Find out how to avoid ankle sprains and what to do if you get one.
Dealing With Sports InjuriesYou practiced hard and made sure you wore protective gear, but you still got hurt. Read this article to find out how to take care of sports injuries - and how to avoid getting them.
Going to a Physical TherapistPhysical therapy uses exercises and other special treatments to help people move their bodies. Find out more in this article for kids.
Groin StrainA groin strain is when one or more of the muscles in the inner thigh gets stretched, injured, or torn. Find out what to do for groin strains.
Hamstring StrainA hamstring strain happens when one or more of the muscles in the back of the leg gets stretched too far and starts to tear. Find out how to treat hamstring strains in this article for teens.
Knee InjuriesHealthy knees are needed for many activities and sports and getting hurt can mean some time sitting on the sidelines.
Preventing Children's Sports InjuriesParticipation in sports can teach kids sportsmanship and discipline. But sports also carry the potential for injury. Here's how to protect your kids.
Sports Medicine CenterGet tips on everything from finding the best sport for your kids to preventing and handling injuries.
Sports and Exercise SafetyPlaying hard doesn't have to mean getting hurt. The best way to ensure a long and injury-free athletic career is to play it safe from the start. Find out how.
Strains and SprainsSprains and strains are common injuries, especially for people who play hard or are into sports. Find out what they are and how to recuperate from one.
StretchingYou may have heard mixed things about stretching before working out. Here are the cold, hard facts on warming up, stretching, and cooling down.
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