Talking to Your Kids About STDsenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/DESIGN-1466_Talking_to_Your_Kids_About_STDs_enHD_2.jpgYour kids need to understand how STDs spread and how to protect themselves. Here's how to talk to them about sexually transmitted diseases.sexually transmitted diseases, sexually transmitted infections, STDs, stds, STIs, stis, venereal, venereal diseases, aids, hiv, HIV, chlamydia, herpes, syphilis, gonorrhea, the clap, HPV, genital, warts, condoms, spread by sex, crabs, pubic lice, trich, trichomoniasis, ob gyn, ob-gyn, OB, gynecologist, stds, social diseases, genital warts, warts, gonorrhea, gonorea, gonaria, gonoria, chlamydia, clamidia, klamidia, clamidea, klamidea, pubic lice, trick, trich, the trich, trichomoniasis, pelvic inflammatory disease, pid, genital herpes, herpes simplex virus, herpes, cooties, kooties, hsv, hpv, scabies, crabs, syphilis, siffalis, sifalis, siffilis, siffalis, safe sexual contact, sex, intercourse, having sex, vaginal sex, anal sex, oral sex, child abuse, condoms, contraception, spermicidal foam, nonoxynol-9, genitals, puberty, adolescence, teens, teen, adolescents, teenager, teenagers, pubic area, pubic region, private parts, sexual health, abnormal discharge, hiv, aids, human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, std, STDs, sexually transmitted diseases, vagina, penis, genital rash, bumps on penis, bumps on vagina, CD1Adolescent Medicine07/05/201807/18/201807/18/2018Amy W. Anzilotti, MD07/02/20182edf6a44-47b4-458d-96a1-ffb4f45f00f8https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stds-talk.html/<h3>Talking to Your Kids About STDs</h3> <p>It is important for parents to talk to their kids and teens about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/">STDs</a> (sexually transmitted diseases). Your kids need to understand how STDs spread and how to protect themselves.</p> <h3>What Are STDs?</h3> <p>STDs (also called sexually transmitted infections, or STIs) are infections that spread through sex (vaginal, oral, or anal). Some STDs can spread through close contact with the genitals or body fluids.</p> <h3>Does Talking About Sex and STDs Make Teens More Likely to Have Sex?</h3> <p>Talking to kids and teens <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/questions-sex.html/">about sex</a> and STDs does not make it more likely that they'll have sex. But if they do become sexually active, they will understand the risks and know how to protect themselves.</p> <h3>When Should I Talk to My Kids About STDs?</h3> <p>Talking about STDs and other personal subjects like sex and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-about-puberty.html/">puberty</a> shouldn't be one big talk at a particular age. Instead, start the conversation early, and slowly build on your child's understanding. By about 10–13 years old, most kids understand what sex is and are ready to learn about STDs.</p> <p>But even if your child is older and you haven't started talking about STDs, it's not too late to have the conversation. A late talk is better than no talk at all.</p> <h3>How Do I Bring Up the Subject of STDs?</h3> <p>Sometimes it can be hard to find the right time to talk about STDs. A good time to start the conversation might be:</p> <ul> <li>if your child asks questions about sex</li> <li>during a TV show or movie that shows a romantic relationship. You might ask, &quot;What sorts of things do people in a relationship need to think about?&quot;&nbsp;</li> <li>when your child gets the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hpv-vaccine.html/">human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine</a>. You could say, &quot;This shot protects you from a type of STD. Do you know what an STD is?&quot;</li> </ul> <h3>What Should I Talk About?</h3> <p>Talk about the types of STDs:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chlamydia.html/">Chlamydia</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/herpes.html/">Genital Herpes</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genital-warts.html/">Genital Warts (HPV)</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gonococcal.html/">Gonorrhea</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hiv.html/">HIV and AIDS</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pelvic-inflammatory-disease.html/">Pelvic Inflammatory Disease</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pubic-lice.html/">Pubic Lice</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/syphilis.html/">Syphilis</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/trichomoniasis.html/">Trichomoniasis</a></li> </ul> <p>Cover these key points:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>STDs mainly spread through sex. But some STDs can spread through close contact with someone's genitals or body fluids.</li> <li>The best way to completely prevent an STD is to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/abstinence.html/">not have sex</a> (oral, vaginal, or anal). If someone decides to have sex, using a latex <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/condoms.html/">condom</a> every time can prevent most STDs.</li> <li>Some people with an STD have discharge from the vagina or penis, or sores in the genital area.</li> <li>Some people with an STD have <strong>no signs or symptoms</strong>. Even then, a person can spread the infection to a sexual partner.</li> <li>If someone has an STD and does not get treatment, it can lead to medical problems such as long-term pain and trouble getting pregnant later.</li> <li>Antibiotics can cure some STDs (like chlamydia and gonorrhea). But some STDs (like herpes or HIV) have no cure.</li> <li>You can get an STD the very first time you have sex.</li> </ul> <h3>Where Can We Get More Information About STDs?</h3> <p>You can get reliable information about STDs at:</p> <ul> <li><a href="http://teenshealth.org/en/teens/std.html">Teenshealth.org</a></li> <li>your doctor's office</li> <li>organizations like <a href="https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex">Planned Parenthood</a></li> <li>the school nurse or counselor</li> </ul> <h3>What if I Have Trouble Talking to My Kids About STDs?</h3> <p>If you don't feel comfortable talking with your kids about STDs, make sure they can turn to someone else for accurate information. This could be a doctor or nurse practitioner , counselor, school nurse, teacher, or a trusted family member.</p> <p>Kids and teens need to know about STDs. It's best if they get the facts from someone reliable.</p>Hablar con sus hijos acerca de las enfermedades de transmisión sexualEs importante que los padres hablen con los niños y adolescentes sobre las enfermedades de transmisión sexual. Sus hijos deben comprender cómo se contagian estas enfermedades y cómo protegerse.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/stds-talk-esp.html/371cebe2-84a5-4821-8d3f-1cb1ccfe031b
About AbstinenceAbstinence is the only form of birth control that is 100% effective in preventing pregnancy. Abstinence also protects people against STDs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/abstinence.html/c5b15fe3-33b0-478c-8cb0-0533ec471a80
About Birth ControlBefore you consider having sex, you need to know how to protect yourself. Read this article to get the basics on birth control.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception.html/90f91fa7-99ad-4e73-aab1-4ec8af08e95d
About Birth Control: What Parents Need to KnowTalking to your kids about sex can be a challenge. But discussing issues like birth control can help lower teens' risk of unintended pregnancy or getting an STD.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-bc.html/77d9f9f6-cbb0-4e3f-a1e7-ac74fa35ea06
About CondomsCondoms are thin pouches that keep sperm from getting into the vagina. There are male condoms and female condoms.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/condoms.html/f5e9ee4f-dd30-4e82-b23e-b079212049cb
Bacterial VaginosisBV is the most common vaginal infection. Although it's a mild infection, it can cause serious problems if it's not treated. Find out how to recognize BV and what to do about it in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bv.html/822cd7f0-caaa-409b-87d3-65997b6f5181
ChlamydiaChlamydia is an STD caused by bacteria. It's important to know the symptoms, as treatment can prevent the infection from leading to other health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chlamydia.html/fbe20a20-613c-4c96-853e-53c3db8c1dea
CondomsCondoms may be a good birth control option for couples who are responsible enough to use one each time and people who want protection against STDs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/contraception-condom.html/601fb788-f049-40d9-b234-feb62dfbd78c
Genital HerpesGenital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). There's no cure for genital herpes, but medicines can help control it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-herpes.html/eb4ee093-d2bf-44a3-a670-6a2f65c25449
Genital Warts (HPV)You've probably heard lots about sexually transmitted diseases. The good news is that STDs can be prevented. For information on how to protect yourself and how to treat genital warts, read this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-warts.html/089fbae2-6d1a-4060-be71-1e7ebbcf50b0
GonorrheaGonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Many people with gonorrhea have no symptoms. They can spread the infection to others without knowing it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gonococcal.html/a4c95fdb-1923-449e-991f-42391779f064
Gyn CheckupsGirls should get their first gynecological checkup between ages 13 and 15. Find out what happens during a yearly gyn visit -- and why most girls don't get internal exams.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obgyn.html/55d0d193-7166-402f-b766-14a4d4cfe970
HIV and AIDSParents can help prevent HIV/AIDS by learning the facts and talking with their kids regularly about healthy behaviors, feelings, and sexuality.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hiv.html/31cac64c-2167-4e8f-bbff-830521bb29c6
HPV VaccineThe HPV vaccine can help protect against the virus that causes genital warts and may lead to some kinds of cancer. Find out more in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/hpv-vaccine.html/48a154f6-8e84-4988-9f43-848786ceb6de
How Do Doctors Test for STDs?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-testing.html/1e7fa6b7-874d-47f7-a8c9-cf1124195200
How to Get Tested for HIVOften the only way to know if someone is infected with HIV is through testing. Here are the facts on what's involved in getting tested — and who should get tested for HIV and why.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/hiv-tests.html/1b9ba663-83f5-4cf2-af8e-30f7aa385bcb
Pelvic Inflammatory DiseasePelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious infection of the female reproductive organs that may cause severe symptoms, minor symptoms, or no symptoms at all.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pelvic-inflammatory-disease.html/d2612128-2061-406b-a13d-84cead5979da
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)Pelvic inflammatory disease, sometimes called PID, is an infection of the fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, or ovaries. Learn how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-pid.html/ea7bd3e6-637a-4a8e-be2e-2fd7883be9c8
Pubic Lice (Crabs)Pubic lice, or "crabs," are tiny insects that usually spread through sex.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-lice.html/65352fee-2444-4ee0-809b-8e6a8adbcb23
Questions and Answers About SexAnswering kids' questions about sex is a responsibility many parents dread. But by answering these questions honestly, parents can help foster healthy feelings about sex.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/questions-sex.html/485798a6-94af-4df6-94fb-b2395202a3f8
STDsParents should learn about the most common STDs, how they spread, and how they're diagnosed and treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-child-stds.html/1bf6f5c6-ce88-44a0-8a3d-14a1b6756c1d
STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)You've probably heard lots of discouraging news about sexually transmitted diseases. The good news is that STDs can be prevented. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std.html/587b3e0c-bd0d-4d3c-93fa-6e8b38768ac2
SyphilisSyphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Early treatment can cure it and prevent long-term problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/syphilis.html/8b2b2613-6827-4cec-824a-607d1977ff52
Talking to Your Partner About STDsYou know you should talk about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) before the action starts. But what if the thought of having "the talk" makes you nervous? These tips can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/the-talk.html/8d93fe33-3173-46e5-bd82-e260a681f48d
TrichomoniasisTrichomoniasis is a curable disease that can be passed from one person to another during sex. The good news is that it can be prevented. Read about how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/std-trichomoniasis.html/e204cdf1-284a-4de2-a3cd-e7a65a51e6a0
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