Compression Fracture of the Spineenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/DESIGN-1168_Compression_Fracture_Spine_esHD_1.jpgA compression fracture of the spine is when the vertebrae (bones that form the spine) collapses. People with weakened bones can get them from a minor fall or with no trauma at all.compression fracture of the spine, spine, compression, fractures, breaks, osteogenesisi imperfecta, brittle bones, brittle bone disease, osteoporosis, back brace, spine x-ray, spine MRI, spine CT scan, back x-ray, back fractures, compressed bones03/20/201807/08/201909/02/2019Jeanne M. Franzone, MD11/22/201801ef053b-9115-420e-974a-d14b1e4a8cb2https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spine-fractures.html/<h3>What Is a Compression Fracture of the Spine?</h3> <p>The vertebrae (or &quot;vertebral bodies&quot;) are the bones that form the spinal column. A compression fracture of the spine describes a collapse of one or more of these bones.</p> <h3>How Do Compression Fractures of the Spine Happen?</h3> <p>Anyone can get a compression fracture of the spine from a serious fall or car accident. People with weakened bones can get them from a minor fall or without any trauma at all. Medical problems that cause weakened bones include osteoporosis and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/osteogenesis-imperfecta.html/">osteogenesis imperfecta</a>.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Compression Fracture of the Spine?</h3> <p>Someone with a compression fracture of the spine may have pain that happens right after an injury. Or they might notice back pain that seems to start without a known cause, but doesn't go away. Sometimes people with a compression fracture of the spine do not have any pain at all.</p> <p><img class="center_this" title="" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/compressionFx_a_enIL.png" alt=" Diagram of the spine showing a compression fracture in one vertebra, as described in the article. " /></p> <p>Over time, a compression fracture can lead to loss of height and curving of the spine.</p> <h3>How Are Compression Fractures of the Spine Diagnosed?</h3> <p>To diagnose a compression fracture, health care providers talk to patients about their symptoms, do a physical exam, and get X-rays. Sometimes other imaging tests, like a CT scan or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri-lumbar.html/">MRI</a>, are done to get more information about the fracture and the areas around it. A bone density test may be done to learn more about the strength of the bones.</p> <h3>How Are Compression Fractures of the Spine Treated?</h3> <p>Treatment for a compression fracture of the spine depends on how severe it is and if there are other medical problems. Treatments may include:</p> <ul> <li>rest</li> <li>a back brace</li> <li>pain medicine</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/phys-therapy.html/">physical therapy</a> to strengthen the muscles that support the spine</li> <li>medicines, if there is a health problem causing weak bones</li> <li>surgery</li> </ul> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Call your health care provider right away if your child has:</p> <ul> <li>severe back pain that does not go away after taking pain medicines</li> <li>loss of feeling or &quot;pins and needles&quot; in the legs or feet</li> <li>trouble controlling his or her bladder or bowels</li> </ul> <h3><span style="font-size: 1em;">Looking Ahead</span></h3> <p>How a child heals from a compression fracture depends on how severe it is and what caused it. Help your child get the best result by going to all follow-up doctor visits, giving medicines as directed, and following instructions about which activities are OK and which to avoid.</p>Fractura vertebral por compresiónUna persona con una fractura vertebral por compresión puede tener dolor inmediatamente después de sufrir una lesión. O bien notar dolor en la espalda que parece empezar sin causa conocida, pero que no desparece.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/spine-fractures-esp.html/662191ad-10be-46f6-98dc-f766c806fb28
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
Broken BonesMany kids will have a broken bone at some point. Here's what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/b-bone.html/98c370ab-7c7b-4b1f-a6c5-d1106a57a8dd
Cervical KyphosisCervical kyphosis is a curve at the top of the spine (backbone). Usually, the condition isn't serious, but a pinch in the spinal cord can cause nerve damage.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cervical-kyphosis.html/87bf27c4-d943-4a69-a448-1db668c0ddfd
Osteogenesis Imperfecta (Brittle Bone Disease)Osteogenesis imperfecta (or brittle bone disease) prevents the body from building strong bones. People with OI have bones that might break easily.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/osteogenesis-imperfecta.html/73030c14-5fa1-41d3-8f1d-7fc7136dcc8e
Physical TherapyPhysical therapy helps people get back to full strength and movement - and manage pain - in key parts of the body after an illness or injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/d292496f-1bf8-4949-9563-f0436e185c33
Scoliosis: BracingSome teens with scoliosis wear a brace to help stop their curve from getting worse as they grow. Find out more about how scoliosis braces work and how long people wear them in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/scoliosis-brace.html/ba716943-ca06-48a9-bc51-8eeb5dee8cbd
SpondylolisthesisSpondylolisthesis happens when a bone in the back slips forward and out of place. In kids and teens, it’s a common cause of lower back pain.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spondylolisthesis.html/aa9b8349-239b-4c5a-9591-ea613679675b
SpondylolysisSpondylolysis is a very common cause of lower back pain in kids, teens, and young adults. It usually heals quickly with rest and other nonsurgical treatments.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spondylolysis.html/f452ce49-e6a5-4fdd-b753-770323bc5374
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedBones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/compressionFx_a_enIL.png