Kids and Smokingenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-kidSmoke-enHD-AR1.jpgThe health risks of smoking are well known, many young people still do it. Here's how to help your kids avoid smoking, vaping, or using chewing tobacco - or quit, if they've already started.smoking, smokes, cigarettes, cigars, chaw, chewing tobacco, baseball, mouth cancer, lung cancer, lighters, matches, pack of cigarettes, two packs a day, coughing, throat irritation, smokeless tobacco, yellow teeth, bad breath, ashtrays, my child smokes, i think my child is smoking, tobacco products, phillip morris, philip morris, tobacco companies, stained teeth, quitting smoking, helping my child quit smoking, cost, money, no smoking, nicotine, spit tobacco, blunt, emphysema, psychiatry, psychology, psychiatric, psychological, developmental medicine, behavioral medicine, adolescence, adolescent medicine, general pediatrics, CD1Adolescent Medicine03/22/200009/19/201909/19/2019Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD09/16/2019c3460ff1-8ca5-45da-8e78-bf0390117066https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/smoking.html/<h3>What Are the Risks of Smoking?</h3> <p>The health risks of smoking, vaping, and using chewing tobacco are serious. Among them:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Tobacco cigarettes are the leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States, and can cause many diseases.</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/e-cigarettes.html/">E-cigarettes</a>, vape pens, and hookahs (water pipes) are filled with tobacco, nicotine, and other harmful chemicals. Health experts report serious lung damage in people who vape, including some deaths.</li> <li>Chewing tobacco (smokeless or spit tobacco) can lead to nicotine addiction, cancer, gum disease, and heart disease.</li> </ul> <p>But kids and teens continue to smoke and use tobacco products. Many young people pick up these habits every year. In fact, 90% of adult smokers started when they were kids. So it's important for parents to learn all they can to help kids steer clear.</p> <h3>What Problems Can Smoking and Tobacco Cause?</h3> <p>One reason that smoking and chewing tobacco are major health hazards is because they contain the chemical <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/drugs-nicotine.html/"><strong>nicotine</strong></a>. Many e-cigarettes also contain nicotine. Someone can get addicted to nicotine within days of first using it. In fact, the nicotine in tobacco can be as addictive as cocaine or heroin. Once a person starts to smoke, it's hard to stop.</p> <p>Smoking and tobacco use can harm every body system and lead to long-term health problems such as:</p> <ul> <li>heart disease</li> <li>lung disease</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strokes.html/">stroke</a></li> <li>many types of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/cancer-center.html/">cancer</a> &mdash; including lung, throat, stomach, and bladder cancer</li> </ul> <p>People who smoke also can get:</p> <ul> <li>more infections (like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pneumonia.html/">pneumonia</a>)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/peptic-ulcers.html/">ulcers</a></li> <li>gum disease</li> <li>eye disease</li> </ul> <p>Smoking is linked to diabetes, joint problems (arthritis), and skin problems (like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/psoriasis.html/">psoriasis</a>). For women, smoking can make it harder to become pregnant and can affect a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/preg-smoking.html/">baby's health</a>. It can also make women's bones weaker and and easier to break.</p> <p>Tobacco and other chemicals also can affect the body quickly. Their effects on the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/">heart</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/">lungs</a> make it harder to do well in sports. They also irritate the throat, cause bad breath, and damage the airways, leading to the well-known "smoker's cough."</p> <p>Finally, many studies show that young smokers are more likely to try <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/drugs-marijuana.html/">marijuana</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/drugs-cocaine.html/">cocaine</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/drugs-heroin.html/">heroin</a>, or other <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/drugs-information.html/">drugs</a>.</p> <h3>Why Do Some Kids Smoke?</h3> <p>Kids might be drawn to smoking, vaping, and chewing tobacco for many reasons &mdash; to look cool, act older, lose weight, seem tough, or feel independent.</p> <p>But parents can fight those draws and keep kids from trying these things &mdash; and getting addicted to them. Talk openly about tobacco use and vaping with your kids early on to make it easier to work through these tricky issues.</p> <h3>How Can Parents Talk to Kids?</h3> <p>To help prevent your kids from smoking, vaping, and using chewing tobacco, keep these tips in mind:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Talk about it in a way that doesn't make kids fear punishment or judgment.</li> <li>Keep talking to kids over the years about the dangers of tobacco use and vaping. Even the youngest child can understand that these habits are bad for the body.</li> <li>Ask what kids find appealing &mdash; or unappealing &mdash; about smoking. Be a patient listener.</li> <li>Encourage kids to get involved in activities that don't allow smoking, such as sports.</li> <li>Show that you value your kids' opinions and ideas.</li> <li>Discuss ways to respond to peer pressure to smoke. Your child may feel confident just saying "no." But offer other responses too, such as "It will make my clothes and breath smell bad" or "I hate the way it makes me look."</li> <li>Focus on what kids do right rather than wrong. Self-confidence is a child's best protection against peer pressure.</li> <li>Encourage kids to walk away from friends who don't respect their reasons for not smoking.</li> <li>Explain how much smoking takes over the daily life of kids who start doing it. How do they afford the cigarettes? How do they have money to pay for other things they want? How does it affect their friendships?</li> <li>Set firm rules that exclude smoking, vaping, and chewing tobacco from your house and explain why: Smokers smell bad, look bad, and feel bad, and it's bad for everyone's health.</li> </ul> <h3>What if My Child Smokes?</h3> <p>Even when kids are well aware of the health risks, some still try smoking. If that happens, try not to get angry. It's better to focus on communicating with your child.</p> <p>These tips can help:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Find out what appeals to your child about smoking and talk about it honestly.</li> <li>Often, kids can't appreciate how their current behaviors can affect their future health. So talk about the problems that happen sooner: less money to spend on things they like, shortness of breath, bad breath, yellow teeth, and smelly clothes.</li> <li>Stick to the smoking rules you've set, and don't let your child smoke at home.</li> <li>If you hear, "I can quit any time I want," ask your child to show you by quitting cold turkey for a week.</li> <li>Resist lecturing and try not to nag. In the end, quitting is the smoker's decision.</li> <li>When your child is ready, help develop a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/quit-smoking.html/">quitting plan</a>. Praise their decision to quit.</li> <li>Focus on the rewards that come with quitting: freedom from addiction, improved fitness, better sports performance, a better appearance.</li> <li>Encourage a meeting with your doctor, who can be supportive and may have treatment plans.</li> </ul> <h3>When Parents Smoke</h3> <p>Kids are quick to spot gaps between what their parents say and what they do. And most kids say that the adult whom they most want to be like when they grow up is a parent.</p> <p>If you're a smoker:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>First, admit that you made a mistake by starting to smoke. Say that if you had it to do over again, you'd never start.</li> <li>Second, quit. It's not simple and it may take a few tries and the extra help of a program or support group. But your kids will be encouraged as they see you overcome your addiction to tobacco. You can find information and support online at:</li> <ul> <li><a href="https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/quit-smoking/index.html">Smoking Quitline</a></li> <li><a href="https://www.cancer.org/healthy/stay-away-from-tobacco/guide-quitting-smoking.html">Quit Tobacco&lrm;</a></li> <li><a href="https://smokefree.gov/quit-smoking/getting-started/steps-to-manage-quit-day">Smokefree.gov</a></li> </ul> </ul>Los niños y el tabacoHablar con los niños sobre los riesgos del tabaco y establecer reglas claras sobre la prohibición de usarlo puede ayudar a protegerlos de hábitos nada saludables. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/smoking-esp.html/d3cf39c8-5bf7-49d0-a409-a9014b550c65
Dealing With Peer PressureDid you ever feel like another kid was trying to get you to do something you didn't want to do? If so, you've felt peer pressure. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/peer-pressure.html/3694d49b-29f9-4a3e-a447-30ffef3b61d1
Helping a Parent Who SmokesYou love your mom and dad, but what if they smoke? Find out how you can help them be healthier.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/folks-smoking.html/a1bef703-565b-4f3b-9627-04a1fac0bb20
How Can I Help My Teen Quit Smoking for Good?Find out what the experts say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/quit-smoking.html/d0908ea1-5c9e-4c09-87b5-5ef44c93c41c
How Can I Quit Smoking?Nearly 1 in 5 deaths in the United States is related to tobacco. Are you ready to kick the habit?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/quit-smoking.html/c4c74eb0-2d18-4e56-a229-ef6786241d6b
Nicotine: What Parents Need to KnowNicotine is a highly addictive stimulant. Those who start smoking before age 21 have the hardest time breaking the habit.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/drugs-nicotine.html/f2db6ebf-01e0-4230-892d-6ab6d098217b
Secondhand SmokeBreathing in someone else's secondhand smoke is hazardous to our health. Find out what you can do about it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/secondhand-smoke.html/d837c45a-388e-4350-bcbb-a15d62b6d177
Smokeless TobaccoChewing or dipping: These terms are familiar to the millions of teens who use smokeless tobacco. If you're ready to quit or you want to learn more about smokeless tobacco, read this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/smokeless.html/8ce53f5d-6fa8-40ff-b7ba-a3d1ed19a6eb
SmokingSmoking is on the decline, but some people are still lighting up. Why? The answer is addiction. Find out more in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/smoking.html/08fb527f-020f-47cc-aaee-19cdbdfa0b0f
Smoking Stinks!Everyone says smoking is bad for you. Why? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/smoking.html/c348938c-d51f-4540-8785-90ac4f781a3b
Smoking and AsthmaSmoking - or even breathing in secondhand smoke - can make asthma worse. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/smoking-asthma.html/9c6f7dd3-7a2f-4b4b-b5a9-93a90f2b724b
Vaping: What You Need to KnowE-cigarettes are marketed as a safe alternative to smoking, but they're not. They still deliver nicotine into the body and damage the lungs. Here are the facts on vaping.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/e-cigarettes.html/571c6280-e911-44b4-b943-97062c55a1b6
What Are the Risks of Smoking During Pregnancy?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/preg-smoking.html/29102a61-ba23-4ebf-9222-d8be83297295
What Kids Say About: TobaccoEveryone knows tobacco is unhealthy, but what do kids think about it? We asked 1,433 kids to give us their opinions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/poll-tobacco.html/7fccc841-0e5a-496b-b5e1-6204f22ffa15
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