Shigella Infections (Shigellosis)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-infectShigella-enHD-AR1.jpgShigella are bacteria that can infect the digestive tract and cause a wide range of symptoms, from diarrhea, cramping, vomiting, and nausea, to more serious complications and illnesses.gastrointestinal illnesses, gastrointestinal diseases, diarrhea with mucus, bloody diarrhea, runny poop, my child has shigellosis, convulsions, stiff necks, headaches, lethargy, lethargic, hallucinations, hallucinating, joint stiffness, large intestines, bowels, ulcer on the intestinal wall, shigella bacteria, bacterial infections, contaminated foods, contaminated water supply, hand washing, unsanitary conditions, poor hygiene, contagiousness, blood tests, toilets, stools, gastrointestinal, gastroenterology, gi03/22/200002/12/201909/02/2019Larissa Hirsch, MD02/11/201967699f01-6635-4ef1-b4c4-5f749ba2f73fhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/shigella.html/<h3>What Is a <em>Shigella</em> Infection?</h3> <p>An infection with <em>Shigella</em> (shih-GEL-uh) bacteria is called shigellosis (shih-guh-LOW-sus). It can cause watery <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a> or diarrhea with blood and/or mucus in it.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Shigellosis?</h3> <p>Besides diarrhea, shigellosis can cause:</p> <ul> <li>belly cramps</li> <li>high <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a></li> <li>loss of appetite</li> <li>nausea and vomiting</li> <li>painful bowel movements (pooping)</li> </ul> <p>Shigellosis can lead to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dehydration.html/">dehydration</a>. In rare cases, other complications like arthritis, seizures, and kidney problems can happen.</p> <h3>What Causes a Shigellosis?</h3> <p>Shigellosis is very contagious. People can get infected through contact with something contaminated by stool (poop) from an infected person, such as:</p> <ul> <li>toys</li> <li>restroom surfaces</li> <li>food prepared by an infected person</li> </ul> <p><em>Shigella</em> also can spread via:</p> <ul> <li>flies that touch contaminated stool</li> <li>water supplies in areas with poor sanitation</li> </ul> <p>It doesn't take many <em>Shigella</em> bacteria to cause an infection, so the illness spreads easily in families and childcare centers. For instance, kids who touch a contaminated surface such as a toilet or toy and then put their fingers in their mouths can get shigellosis.</p> <p><em>Shigella</em> can pass in a person's stool for about 4 weeks, even after the obvious symptoms of illness have gotten better.</p> <h3>How Is Shigellosis Treated?</h3> <p>To see if your child has shigellosis, the doctor will take a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest8.html/">stool sample</a> to test for <em>Shigella</em> bacteria.</p> <p>Shigellosis often goes away without treatment. Doctors sometimes give antibiotics to those who have serious symptoms or other medical conditions. Antibiotics can shorten the illness and help prevent the spread of bacteria to others.</p> <p>If the doctor prescribes antibiotics, give them as prescribed. Don't give your child nonprescription medicines for vomiting or diarrhea unless the doctor recommends them because they can make the illness last longer. You can give <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acetaminophen.html/">acetaminophen</a> (such as Tylenol) to reduce fever and make your child more comfortable.</p> <p>To prevent dehydration, follow your doctor's advice about what your child should eat and drink. Your doctor may recommend a special drink called an oral rehydration solution (such as Pedialyte), to replace body fluids.</p> <p>Children who become dehydrated or those with more serious symptoms may need treatment in a hospital.</p> <h3>How Can We Help Prevent Shigellosis?</h3> <p>The best way to prevent shigellosis and many other infections is to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">wash hands</a> well and often. This is especially important after using the toilet (or changing a diaper) and before eating or preparing food.</p> <p>If you're caring for a child who has diarrhea, wash your hands before touching other people and before handling food. (Anyone with a diarrhea should not prepare food for others.) Clean and disinfect any toilet used by someone with shigellosis often.</p> <p>Also:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Throw away diapers worn by a child with shigellosis in a sealed garbage can. Wipe the changing area with disinfectant after each use.</li> <li>Keep young children (especially those still in diapers) with shigellosis or any type of diarrhea away from other kids.</li> <li>Proper <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/">food handling</a>, storage, and preparation also can help prevent infections. Keep cold foods cold and hot foods hot to prevent bacterial growth.</li> </ul> <h3>When Should I Call the Doctor?</h3> <p>Call the doctor if your child has signs of shigellosis, such as watery diarrhea, diarrhea with blood or mucus, or belly pain.</p> <p>Also call the doctor if your child has diarrhea and shows signs of dehydration, such as:</p> <ul> <li>a dry or sticky mouth</li> <li>peeing less than usual</li> <li>no tears when crying</li> <li>dizziness or drowsiness</li> </ul>Infecciones por Shigella (shigelosis)Una infección por Shigella recibe el nombre de "shigelosis". Puede provocar diarrea líquida o diarrea con sangre y/o mucosidad.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/shigella-esp.html/06869d8b-517d-4820-83a6-19e88785e4e4
Adenovirus Adenoviruses can infect the lining of the eyes, airways and lungs, intestines, urinary tract, and nervous system. They're common causes of fever, coughs, sore throats, diarrhea, and pinkeye.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adenovirus.html/1364126a-08d4-49be-8630-eabbffc2e9e6
AmebiasisAmebiasis is an intestinal illness transmitted when someone eats or drinks something that's contaminated with a microscopic parasite.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/amebiasis.html/b310b6cc-8a54-4b7d-8101-b84231338943
Basic Blood Chemistry TestsDoctors order basic blood chemistry tests to assess a wide range of conditions and the function of organs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest5.html/e40eaa28-5011-4492-8c05-0c36af25989a
CholeraWhile cholera isn't common in the U.S., it can be a health threat elsewhere. Learn about cholera and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cholera.html/a35feea8-2e9d-4464-896a-e847cf2a4750
DiarrheaMost kids battle diarrhea from time to time, so it's important to know what to do to relieve and even prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/38efbf41-ac94-4d02-be5d-365f9b03cc12
E. ColiUndercooked burgers and unwashed produce are among the foods that can harbor E. coli bacteria and lead to infection and severe diarrhea. Here's how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/e-coli.html/e50859c8-aed8-4e36-80cf-946493dc4f12
FeversFevers happen when the body's internal "thermostat" raises the body temperature above normal. This is often the body's way of fighting infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/42ab5a5d-1c03-493e-acf5-0ac569d1b946
Food PoisoningDid you ever eat something that made you feel ooky? It might have been food poisoning.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/food-poisoning.html/0d519fd4-b93a-493c-8916-dea8923d5f22
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are the microscopic bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa that can cause disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/78b1159a-926b-4cce-aeaa-d5220def6a58
GiardiasisGiardiasis, one of the chief causes of diarrhea in the United States, is an intestinal illness caused by a microscopic parasite.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/giardiasis.html/f1cd6920-2964-4bd2-815f-d3b2a1ee3018
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantWashing your hands well and often is the best way to keep from getting sick. Here's how to teach this all-important habit to your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/1751c1fa-461c-4b39-9003-a19c00f8549d
RotavirusRotavirus infection affects most kids and is one of the most common causes of diarrhea. A vaccine to prevent it is now recommended for all kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rotavirus.html/f213231c-41fc-4b8c-9998-4ef4d479d5fa
SalmonellosisPeople often think of salmonellosis as food poisoning, but food is only one way the bacteria Salmonella can be spread.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/salmonellosis.html/4c9aa097-9055-452f-a15a-b78978d2a675
Stool Test: Bacteria CultureA stool culture helps doctors determine if there's a bacterial infection in the intestines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-bac-culture.html/219b0003-f766-4465-88ea-71463f490add
VomitingMost vomiting is caused by gastroenteritis, and usually isn't serious. These home-care tips can help prevent dehydration.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/20a54ee4-1e9e-4822-9631-614f8e08d622
Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands?Washing your hands is the best way to stop germs from spreading. Learn all about the best way to wash your hands in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/wash-hands.html/ae19eff8-ac7c-44be-bd9f-b2efe6953f6d
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61Gastrointestinal Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/stomach/00f6a5fa-9cac-45b3-b8c6-34813730a1eb