Seizuresenparents are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. Find out what you need to know about seizures and what to do if your child has one.seizures, seizure, my child is having a seizure, my child had a seizure, sezure, siezure, seisure, siesure, consciousness, altered consciousness, loss of consciousness, unconscious, falling, muscle spasms, drooling, frothing, loss of bladder or bowel control, fever, high fever, electrical currents, poisoning, head injury, brain disease, brain tumor, meningitis, 911, emergency, epilepsy, turn child on side, sponging, bathe your child in cool water, brain damage, deprive the brain of oxygen, my child has seizures, what should i do if my child has a seizure, emergency medicine, emergency room, neurology, CD1Emergency Medicine, CD1Neurosurgery, CD1Epilepsy, CD1Neurology03/22/200012/12/201609/02/2019Liya Beyderman, MD10/01/201617184860-dea1-4cd4-95ba-3cf34539cd44<p><span>Seizures are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain.&nbsp;</span>A seizure usually affects how a person looks or acts for a short time.&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">S</span><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">omeone having a seizure might collapse, shake uncontrollably, or even just stare into space. All of these are brief disturbances in brain function, often with a loss of&nbsp;or change in consciousness.</span></p> <p><span>Seizures can be frightening, but most last only a few minutes, stop on their own, and are not life-threatening.&nbsp;</span>A person who has had two or more seizures may be diagnosed with <a href="">epilepsy</a>, also known as seizure disorder.</p> <h3>Seizure Basics</h3> <p>Usually, electrical activity&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 1em;">in the brain involves neurons in different areas sending signals at different times. During a seizure, many neurons fire all at once. This abnormal electrical activity can cause different symptoms depending on the part of the brain involved, including unusual sensations, uncontrollable muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness.</span></p> <p>Some seizures may be due to&nbsp;another medical problem, such as a fever, an infection, a <a href="">head injury</a>, accidental poisoning, or drug overdose. They also can be caused by&nbsp;a <a href="">brain tumor</a> or other health problem affecting the brain. And anything that results in a sudden lack of oxygen or reduced blood flow to the brain can cause a seizure. In some cases, a seizure's cause is never found.</p> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"><!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//" type="text/javascript"></script> </div> <p><strong style="font-size: 1em;"><a href="">Febrile seizures</a></strong><span style="font-size: 1em;">&nbsp;can happen in children younger than 6 years old. While they can be scary to watch, these seizures are usually brief and rarely cause any serious or long-term problems, unless the fever is related to a serious infection, such as </span><a href="" style="font-size: 1em;">meningitis</a><span style="font-size: 1em;">.</span></p> <p><strong style="font-size: 1em;">Syncope</strong><span style="font-size: 1em;"> (SIN-ko-pee), or fainting, is not uncommon in older kids and teens. When it happens, kids might have a brief seizure or seizure-like spell. They might&nbsp;stiffen or even twitch or convulse a few times. Fortunately, fainting rarely is a sign of&nbsp;epilepsy. Most kids recover very quickly (seconds to minutes) and don't need specialized treatment.</span></p> <h3>If Your Child Has a Seizure</h3> <p>First, make sure that your child is in a safe place where he or she can't get hurt. Place your child on the ground or floor in a safe area, preferably on his or her right side. Also:</p> <ul> <li>Remove any nearby objects.</li> <li>Loosen any clothing around the head or neck.</li> <li><strong style="font-size: 1em;">Don't</strong><span style="font-size: 1em;"> try to wedge your child's mouth open or place an object between the teeth, and </span><strong style="font-size: 1em;">don't</strong><span style="font-size: 1em;"> try to restrain movements.</span></li> </ul> <p>Once the seizure seems to have ended, gently comfort and protect your child. It's best for kids to remain lying down until they have recovered fully and want to move around.</p> <p><strong>Call 911</strong> <strong>immediately</strong> <strong>if your child:</strong></p> <ul> <li>has difficulty breathing</li> <li>turns bluish in color</li> <li>has had a head injury</li> <li>seems ill</li> <li>has a known heart condition</li> <li>has never had a seizure before</li> <li>might have ingested any poisons, medicines, etc.</li> </ul> <p>If your child has previously had seizures, call 911 if the seizure lasts more than 5 minutes or is for some reason very alarming to you and you're worried for your child's safety.</p> <p>If your child is breathing normally and the seizure lasts just a few minutes, you can wait until it lets up to call your doctor.</p> <p>After a seizure, kids are often tired or confused and may fall into a deep sleep (called the postictal period). You do not need to try to wake your child as long as he or she is breathing comfortably. <strong>Don't</strong>&nbsp;try to give food or drink until your child is awake and alert.</p> <p>For a child who has febrile seizures, the doctor may suggest giving fever-reducing medicine like <a href="">ibuprofen</a> or <a href="">acetaminophen</a>&nbsp;to ease discomfort.</p> <p>After a seizure &mdash; particularly if it is a first or unexplained seizure &mdash; call your doctor or emergency medical services for instructions. Your child probably will<span style="font-size: 1em;">&nbsp;need to be seen by a doctor as soon as possible.</span></p>Crisis convulsivas (convulsiones)La expresión crisis convulsiva o "ataque convulsivo" se refiere a una disfunción cerebral súbita o repentina que hace que la persona se desplome, tenga convulsiones o presente otras anomalías de carácter temporal en el funcionamiento cerebral, que a menudo van acompañadas de cambios en el nivel de conciencia o de pérdidas de la conciencia.
A to Z: Seizure, AbsenceAn absence seizure (also called a petit mal seizure) is type of epileptic seizure that causes a person to briefly lose consciousness and stare ahead without moving, appearing "absent."
A to Z: Seizure, Tonic-ClonicA tonic-clonic seizure (also called a grand mal seizure) is a sudden attack that brings on intense muscle spasms and loss of consciousness. It is caused by abnormal brain activity and affects the entire body.
Breath-Holding SpellsKids who have these spells hold their breath until they pass out. Although upsetting to watch, the spells are not harmful and do not pose any serious, long-term health risks.
EpilepsySeizures are a common symptom of epilepsy, a condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Learn all about epilepsy, including what to do if you see someone having a seizure.
FaintingFainting is pretty common in teens. The good news is that most of the time it's not a sign of something serious.
Febrile SeizuresFebrile seizures are full-body convulsions caused by high fevers that affect young kids. Although they can be frightening, they usually stop on their own and don't cause any other health problems.
First Aid: FaintingFainting is a loss of consciousness that can be caused by many things. Here's what to do if your child faints or is about to faint.
First Aid: Febrile SeizuresFebrile seizures are convulsions that happen in some children with fevers. They usually stop on their own after a few minutes and don't cause any other health problems.
First Aid: SeizuresAlthough seizures can be frightening, usually they last only a few minutes, stop on their own, and are almost never life-threatening.
First-Aid KitA well-stocked first-aid kit, kept in easy reach, is a necessity in every home. Learn where you should keep a kit and what to put in it.
Word! SeizureYou might hear a seizure called a convulsion, fit, or spell.