Salmonella Infectionsenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-infectSalmonella-enHD-AR1.jpgSalmonellosis is a foodborne illness caused by the bacteria salmonella. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, and headache.salmonellosis, salmonella, samonella, food borne, foodborne, foodborn, intestinal, diarrhea, infections, GI bug, infectious, food poisoning, acute infections, food poisoning, raw eggs, eggnog, typhimurium, enteriditis, cleaning my kitchen counters, food safety, washing fruits, washing vegetables, raw meats, raw poultry, animal feces, turtles, iguanas, reptiles, salmonella marina, cutting boards, knives, cross-contamination, germs, bacteremia, sanitary habits, hand washing, getting my child to wash his hands, antibacterial soap, hot water, food preparation, immune system, antibiotics, gastrointestinal, gastroenterology, GI03/22/200012/06/201709/02/2019Rebecca L. Gill, MD11/11/2017fdb3d696-ad27-427b-84fc-8039b5218074https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/salmonellosis.html/<h3>What Is <em>Salmonella</em>?</h3> <p><em>Salmonella</em> is a kind of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/">bacteria</a>, with many different types. The type responsible for most infections in humans is carried by chickens, cows, pigs, and reptiles (such as turtles, lizards, and iguanas). Another, rarer form &mdash; called <em>Salmonella typhi</em> &mdash; causes <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/typhoid.html/">typhoid fever</a>.</p> <h3>What Is <em>Salmonella</em> Infection?</h3> <p><em>Salmonella</em> infection, or <strong>salmonellosis</strong>, is a foodborne illness caused by infection with <em>Salmonella</em> bacteria. Most infections spread to people through contaminated food (usually meat, poultry, eggs, or milk).</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of <em>Salmonella</em> Infection?</h3> <p>A <em>Salmonella</em> infection typically causes:</p> <ul> <li>nausea and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/">vomiting</a></li> <li>abdominal cramps</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a> (sometimes bloody)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a></li> <li>headache</li> </ul> <p>Because many different kinds of illnesses can cause these symptoms, most doctors will take a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-bac-culture.html/">stool sample</a> to make an accurate diagnosis.</p> <p><em>Salmonella</em> infections usually clear up without medical treatment.</p> <h3>How Do People Get <em>Salmonella</em> Infections?</h3> <p><em>Salmonella</em> bacteria are often found in the feces (poop) of some animals, particularly reptiles. People who have these animals as pets can get salmonellosis if they handle the reptiles and get the bacteria on their hands.</p> <p>Salmonella can spread to people in foods contaminated by infected animal feces. This can happen when foods such as poultry, eggs, and beef are not cooked enough. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safe-veggies.html/">Fruit and vegetables</a> can also be contaminated from feces in the soil or water where they're grown.</p> <h3>Are <em>Salmonella</em> Infections Contagious?</h3> <p>Yes. People with salmonellosis can spread the infection from several days to several weeks after they've been infected &mdash; even if their symptoms have disappeared or they've been treated with antibiotics.</p> <h3>Who Is at Risk for <em>Salmonella</em> Infections?</h3> <p>Not everyone who ingests <em>Salmonella</em> bacteria will become ill. Children, especially infants, are most likely to get sick from it. About 50,000 cases of salmonellosis are reported in the United States each year and about one third of those are in kids 4 years old or younger.</p> <p>People at risk for more serious complications from a <em>Salmonella</em> infection include those who:</p> <ul class="kh_lognline_list"> <li>are very young, especially babies</li> <li>have problems with their <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune systems</a> (such as people with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hiv.html/">HIV</a>)</li> <li>take cancer-fighting drugs&nbsp;or drugs that affect their immune system</li> <li>have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sickle-cell-anemia.html/">sickle cell disease</a></li> <li>have an absent or nonfunctioning spleen</li> <li>take chronic stomach acid suppression medicine</li> </ul> <p>In these higher-risk groups, most doctors will treat an infection with <strong>antibiotics</strong> to prevent it from spreading to other parts of the body. Antibiotics do not appear to help a healthy person whose infection is not severe &mdash; and may actually lengthen the amount of time the person will carry the bacteria.</p> <h3>How Are <em>Salmonella</em> Infections Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Because many different illnesses can cause similar symptoms (such as nausea, fever, cramping, and diarrhea), doctors may send a stool (poop) sample to the lab for testing.</p> <p>A severe <em>Salmonella</em> infection will require more testing to see which specific germ is causing the illness and which antibiotics can be used to treat it.</p> <h3>How Are <em>Salmonella</em> Infections Treated?</h3> <p>If your child has salmonellosis and a healthy immune system, your doctor may let the infection pass without giving any medicines. But any time a child develops a fever, headache, or bloody diarrhea, call the doctor to rule out any other problems.</p> <p>If your child is infected and has a fever, you may want to give <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/acetaminophen.html/">acetaminophen</a> to lower the temperature and relieve cramping. As with any infection that causes diarrhea, it's important to give your child plenty of liquids to avoid <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dehydration.html/">dehydration</a>.</p> <h3>How Long Does a <em>Salmonella</em> Infection Last?</h3> <p>Salmonellosis symptoms can take from 6 to 72 hours to start after someone ingests the bacteria. In most people, the illness lasts for 4 to 7 days after symptoms begin.</p> <h3>Can <em>Salmonella</em> Infections Be Prevented?</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">Hand washing</a> is a powerful way to guard against <em>Salmonella</em> infections. So teach kids to wash their hands well and often, particularly after trips to the bathroom and before handling food.</p> <p>Here are some other ways to protect your family from <em>Salmonella</em> infections:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Cook food thoroughly.</strong> <em>Salmonella</em> bacteria are most commonly found in animal products and can be killed by the heat of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/">cooking</a>. Don't serve raw or undercooked eggs, poultry, or meat. Microwaving is not a reliable way to kill the bacteria. If you're <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pregnancy-precautions.html/">pregnant</a>, be especially careful to avoid undercooked foods.</li> <li><strong>Handle eggs carefully.</strong> Because <em>Salmonella</em> bacteria can contaminate even intact and disinfected grade A eggs, cook them well and avoid serving poached or sunny-side up eggs (with runny yolks).</li> <li><strong>Avoid foods that might contain raw ingredients.</strong> Caesar salad dressing, the Italian dessert tiramisu, homemade ice cream, chocolate mousse, eggnog, cookie dough, and frostings can contain raw eggs. Unpasteurized milk and juices also can be contaminated with <em>Salmonella</em>.</li> <li><strong>Clean cooking surfaces regularly.</strong> Keep uncooked meats away from cooked and ready-to-eat foods. Thoroughly wash your hands, cutting boards, counters, and knives after handling uncooked foods.</li> <li><strong>Take care with pets.</strong> Avoid contact with the feces of <a class="kh_anchor">family pets</a> &mdash; especially reptiles. Wash your hands well after handling an animal and make sure that no reptiles are permitted to come into contact with a baby. Even healthy reptiles (especially turtles and iguanas) are not safe pets for small children and should not be in the same house as an infant.</li> <li><strong>Don't cook food for others if you are sick</strong>, especially if you have vomiting or diarrhea.</li> <li><strong>Keep food chilled.</strong> Don't leave cooked food out for more than 2 hours after serving (1 hour on a hot day) and store it promptly. Also, keep your refrigerator set to under 40&deg;F (4.4&deg;C).</li> </ul>Infecciones por salmonellaLa infección por Salmonella, o salmonelosis, es una enfermedad trasmitida por los alimentos y causada por bacterias del género Salmonella. La mayoría de las infecciones se contraen a través de alimentos contaminados.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/salmonellosis-esp.html/a874de83-d96e-47e6-923d-dd3210d29573
Being Safe in the KitchenCooking and baking are lots of fun - as long as you stay safe. Read this article for safety tips before you head into the kitchen.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/safe-in-kitchen.html/b6d4b44b-a395-42ab-8fa7-2d403a7fd4bb
Campylobacter InfectionsThese bacterial infections can cause diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Good hand-washing and food safety habits can help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/campylobacter.html/1b376c32-47d6-42a6-9eed-50dbd918e201
DiarrheaMost kids battle diarrhea from time to time, so it's important to know what to do to relieve and even prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/38efbf41-ac94-4d02-be5d-365f9b03cc12
Does My Child Need an Antibiotic? (Video)Antibiotics are powerful medicines that can help kids feel better -- but only when they have certain illnesses. Find out if an antibiotic is right for your child. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/antibiotic-video.html/70b4af23-70d6-4f1d-8a7f-8db8de0c537c
E. ColiUndercooked burgers and unwashed produce are among the foods that can harbor E. coli bacteria and lead to infection and severe diarrhea. Here's how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/e-coli.html/e50859c8-aed8-4e36-80cf-946493dc4f12
FeversFevers happen when the body's internal "thermostat" raises the body temperature above normal. This is often the body's way of fighting infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/42ab5a5d-1c03-493e-acf5-0ac569d1b946
First Aid: DiarrheaDiarrhea is common and usually not a sign of something serious. Find out what to do if your child has diarrhea.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea-sheet.html/e38697dd-26dd-4dcf-91a7-fdf384030fd5
Food PoisoningSometimes, germs can get into food and cause food poisoning. Find out what to do if your child gets food poisoning - and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-poisoning.html/3574049c-833d-4fb5-b597-6a9d1c4aae09
Food SafetyLearn why food safety is important and how you can avoid the spread of bacteria when you are buying, preparing, and storing food.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/c6a206a5-5abf-4711-bbc3-86943d8a9e36
Food Safety for Your FamilyWhy is food safety important? And how can you be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/0caf1e5d-2bda-4ba7-8855-560f9e30f791
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantWashing your hands well and often is the best way to keep from getting sick. Here's how to teach this all-important habit to your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/1751c1fa-461c-4b39-9003-a19c00f8549d
Listeria InfectionsListeriosis is a serious infection caused by eating contaminated food. It mostly affects pregnant women, newborns, and adults with weakened immune systems. Here's how to protect your family.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/listeria.html/2f32dca2-6ed4-4bed-b516-cb1060fc8231
Produce PrecautionsKids need daily servings of fruits and vegetables. Here's how to make sure the produce you buy and prepare is safe.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safe-veggies.html/178370f4-5486-499e-a6a5-c13f9ad98fa2
SalmonellosisSalmonellosis is an illness caused by a bacteria found in raw food, soil, water and the bowel movements of some animals, including reptiles. Find out how to prevent this illness.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/salmonellosis.html/df451bd6-869b-4f33-9613-363ce4dcd383
StomachachesLots of different problems can cause similar kinds of stomach pain - not all of them related to the digestive system. Here are some clues about what could be going on.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/stomachaches.html/f9b9598e-0232-4add-9fea-e6a8591cb740
Stool Test: Bacteria CultureA stool culture helps doctors determine if there's a bacterial infection in the intestines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-bac-culture.html/219b0003-f766-4465-88ea-71463f490add
Typhoid FeverWhile typhoid fever isn't common in the U.S., it can be a health threat elsewhere. Learn about this illness and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/typhoid.html/6325c23a-af58-42fc-9c80-74941c6afa2a
YersiniosisYersiniosis is an uncommon infection caused by the consumption of undercooked meat products, unpasteurized milk, or water contaminated by the bacteria.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/yersinia.html/f4d55002-6955-42e6-9733-a1432a613915
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseasekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61Gastrointestinal Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/stomach/00f6a5fa-9cac-45b3-b8c6-34813730a1eb