RASopathiesenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_08_2.jpgRASopathies are a group of genetic conditions caused by problems in the RAS pathway, which is one way cells in the body communicate.RASopathies, rasopathies, RAS pathway, syndrome, syndromes, genetic, genes, genetics, cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome, Costello syndrome,,Legius syndrome, neurofibromatosis , neurofibromatosis type 1, Noonan syndrome, Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines, brown spots on skin, NSML, LEOPARD syndrome, Noonan syndrome with loose anagen hair, Genetics, neurology, cardiology, endocrinology, oncology, ophthalmology, developmental medicine, unusual facial features, developmental delays, growth delays, heart problems, bone problems, gastrointestinal (feeding) problems, CD1Genetic Disorders, CD1Neurology, CD1MAP, CD1Dermatology09/03/201909/20/201909/20/2019Karen W. Gripp, MD09/02/2019e040eb43-57ae-45c5-ac93-1803c5f4c8e2https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rasopathies.html/<h3>What Are RASopathies?</h3> <p>RASopathies are a group of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genetic</a> conditions. They're called RASopathies (raz-OP-uh-thees) because they're caused by problems in the RAS pathway, which is one way cells in the body communicate.</p> <p>The individual RASopathies are rare, but as a group:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>They're among the most common genetic conditions.&nbsp;</li> <li>They cause most genetic-related learning and development problems.</li> </ul> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of RASopathies?</h3> <p>RASopathies are a type of syndrome (SIN-drome). Syndromes are diseases, conditions, or disorders that involve a particular group of signs and symptoms.</p> <p>All RASopathies can affect a child's:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/">heart</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/">brain</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eyes.html/">eyes</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/skin-hair-nails.html/">skin</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones and muscles</a></li> </ul> <p>Signs and symptoms of a RASopathy include:</p> <ul> <li>unusual facial features</li> <li>developmental delays</li> <li>growth delays</li> <li>heart problems</li> <li>bone problems</li> <li>gastrointestinal (feeding) problems</li> </ul> <p>RASopathies also can increase a child's risk for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer.html/">cancer</a>.</p> <h3>What Are the Kinds of RASopathies?</h3> <p>RASopathies include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cardiofaciocutaneous-syndrome.html/">cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/costello-syndrome.html/">Costello syndrome</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/legius-syndrome.html/">Legius syndrome</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nf.html/">neurofibromatosis type 1</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/noonan-syndrome.html/">Noonan syndrome</a>, including: <ul> <li>Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines (brown spots on skin), formerly called LEOPARD syndrome</li> <li>Noonan syndrome with loose anagen hair (hair in its active growth phase)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <h3>What Causes RASopathies?</h3> <p>The body's protein cells communicate with each other in many ways. Good communication ensures the cells work as they should. When groups of proteins communicate with each other, they create a <strong>pathway</strong>. The signals the cells send along the pathway can cause them to:</p> <ul> <li>copy themselves to make more cells</li> <li>die off when the body doesn't need more cells</li> <li>work in a different way</li> </ul> <p>Changes in the genes (our genetic "blueprints") in the RAS pathway cause the RASopathies. These happen when there's a problem in one of the steps in the pathway. Cells react in ways they shouldn't &mdash; for instance, multiplying when they should die off.</p> <p>Sometimes, a RASopathy runs in families. A parent who has one has a 50% chance of passing it to a child. Other times, the change is "spontaneous." This means that a child has the condition but the parents do not. This is called a new mutation.</p> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <p>The problems caused by RASopathies vary. Even children with the same condition can have differences in the problems it causes and how severe the problems are.</p> <p>Children with RASopathies are cared for by a health care team that includes specialists in:</p> <ul> <li>genetics</li> <li>neurology</li> <li>cardiology</li> <li>endocrinology</li> <li>oncology</li> <li>ophthalmology</li> <li>developmental medicine</li> </ul> <p>RASopathies are lifelong conditions. But medical care can help with many of the symptoms and problems they cause.</p>Rasopatías Las rasopatías son un grupo de afecciones de origen genético. Se llaman rasopatías porque se deben a problemas en la vía RAS, que es una de las maneras en que se comunican las células de nuestros cuerposhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/rasopathies-esp.html/4735f7ce-b9f3-4b9c-9251-4652292d877b
All About GeneticsRead the basics about genetics, including how certain illnesses, or increased risks for certain illnesses, pass from generation to generation.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/0a35cfc5-5d12-46d2-b0a9-ffae83cace5c
Cardiofaciocutaneous SyndromeCardiofaciocutaneous (CFC) syndrome is a rare genetic condition. It affects the heart, facial features, and skin.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cardiofaciocutaneous-syndrome.html/025fbcbd-487d-40e5-9494-c8f5cc7a504f
Costello SyndromeCostello syndrome is a very rare disorder that affects multiple organ systems. It causes causes problems that affect a child's heart, muscles, bones, skin, brain, and spinal cord.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/costello-syndrome.html/15ec341b-a363-46ee-85c0-6820406219f6
Genetic TestingAdvances in genetic testing help doctors diagnose and treat certain illnesses. The type of test done depends on which condition a doctor checks for.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetics.html/cbe49a95-6833-41f4-881a-c26287c4a33c
Legius Syndrome Legius syndrome is a rare genetic condition. Kids who have it have multiple café-au-lait spots on their skin and might be slower to walk, talk, and reach other milestones than most kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/legius-syndrome.html/bb79c62d-f4f1-4ea5-8757-a6372e4c3ce3
Neurofibromatosis Type 1Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic condition that causes benign tumors in and under the skin, often with bone, hormone, and other problems. Learn more about how it's diagnosed and treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nf.html/433de099-c8cd-4cf0-b6dc-3734a70c9d45
Noonan Syndrome Noonan syndrome is a condition that some babies are born with. It causes changes in the face and chest, and usually includes heart problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/noonan-syndrome.html/5e0e06a5-ddd6-4a24-8218-a6a31a55caff
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-geneticskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-geneticsBrain & Nervous Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/brain/d6b00a11-9db0-403c-bc41-00bcdf022537Cancer & Tumorshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/cancer/088d4c52-cd61-4cca-af46-82de410d892aGenetic, Chromosomal & Metabolic Conditionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/genetic/d50d4cf8-0cb6-4a6b-8d58-1fe7996c491eCaring for a Seriously or Chronically Ill Childhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/ill/079ac5d4-e734-4351-a7f0-3bd2b4dd9d93