Radiation Therapyenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-radiationTherapy-enHD-AR1.jpgRadiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or X-ray therapy, is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment.radiation, radiation treatment, oncology, oncologist, cancer, cancers, cancer treatment, cancer treatments, my child is getting radiation, my child is getting radiation therapy, hair loss, alopecia, losing hair, losing his hair, losing her hair, side effects of radiation, side effects of radiation therapy, my child has cancer, radiotherapy, x-ray therapy, irradiation, internal radiation, external radiation, radiation side effects, radiation therapy side effects, CD1Brain Tumors, CD1Leukemia, CD1Lymphoma, CD1Oncology, CD1Brain Tumors, CD1Leukemia, CD1Lymphoma, CD1Oncology, CD1Retinoblastoma05/27/200301/08/201909/02/2019Eric S. Sandler, MD01/01/2019b9df7e63-811c-454a-b467-44a28efb1250https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/<h3>What Is Radiation Therapy?</h3> <p>Radiation therapy is a treatment for <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer.html/">cancer</a>. It works by preventing cancer cells from growing and by destroying them.</p> <p>The high-energy radiation used comes from:</p> <ul> <li>X-rays</li> <li>gamma rays</li> <li>fast-moving tiny particles (called particle or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/proton-therapy.html/">proton beam therapy</a>)</li> </ul> <p>Radiation therapy is also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or X-ray therapy.</p> <h3>How Does Radiation Therapy Work?</h3> <p>Radiation therapy can be either:</p> <ol> <li>external, given from outside the body</li> <li>internal, done inside the body</li> </ol> <p>External radiation therapy uses a large machine and special equipment to carefully aim the right amount of radiation at cancerous tumors.</p> <p>With internal radiation therapy, doctors inject or implant a radioactive substance into the area with the tumor or cancer cells. In some cases, the patient swallows the material.</p> <p>Some kids may need both external radiation and internal radiation.</p> <p>Besides killing cancer cells and shrinking tumors, radiation therapy also can harm normal cells. Normal cells are more likely to recover from its effects. The health care team will carefully check a child's radiation doses to protect healthy tissue.</p> <h3>What Happens During External Radiation Therapy?</h3> <p>For external radiation therapy, kids usually go to the hospital or treatment center 4 to 5 days a week for several weeks. They'll get small daily doses of radiation, which helps protect the normal cells from damage. The weekend breaks help the cells recover from the radiation.</p> <p>Before the treatment, the radiation therapist will mark an area on the skin with ink. This "tattoo" helps show the treatment area.</p> <p>Most of the time that a child spends on the radiation treatment table involves positioning. The treatment itself takes only minutes. When the child is in the right position:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>The radiation therapist leaves the room.</li> <li>The machine delivers the right amount of radiation to kill the cells.</li> </ul> <p>Parents aren't allowed in the treatment room, but can wait nearby for their child during therapy.</p> <h3>What Happens During Internal Radiation Therapy?</h3> <p>Most children who get internal radiation treatment stay in the hospital for several days. The radioactive material is:</p> <ul> <li>put into the tumor</li> <li>swallowed<br /> or</li> <li>injected into the bloodstream</li> </ul> <p>Doctors might do a minor surgery using <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anesthesia-types.html/">anesthesia</a> to place the material (for example, when treatment is in the uterus, esophagus, or airway).</p> <p>Internal radiation therapy is also called brachytherapy, interstitial therapy, or implant therapy.</p> <h3>Can Children Be Around Other People After Getting Radiation?</h3> <p>Parents may wonder whether they can touch, hug, and care for their child during and after therapy.</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Kids and teens who get external radiation therapy</strong> have no restrictions on contact with family members.</li> <li><strong>Kids and teens who get internal radiation therapy</strong> may have some restrictions. Radiation in the implant can send high-energy rays outside the patient's body. To protect others from exposure, the patient will be in a private room. Health care team members enter for short periods and work quickly to provide care. Visiting times might be brief, and young kids, pregnant women, and others might not be allowed into the room.</li> </ul> <h3>Does Radiation Therapy Cause Side Effects?</h3> <p>Radiation can damage healthy cells. This damage can cause <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/side-effects.html/">side effects</a> such as skin problems, tiredness, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/">anemia</a>. The type of side effects someone might get depends on the dose of radiation, whether it was internal or external, and the area treated.</p> <p>Many patients have no side effects. When problems do happen:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Most will go away after radiation therapy ends.</li> <li>They usually aren't serious.</li> <li>Treatment can help control them.</li> </ul> <h3>How Can I Help My Child?</h3> <p>It may help to take a tour of the radiation department to see the radiation technologists and equipment so your child can get familiar with them.</p> <p>When your child asks questions about cancer or treatment, be honest. Use age-appropriate terms and encourage your child to share his or her feelings.</p> <p>And you don't have to go it alone. The doctors, nurses, social workers, and other members of the cancer treatment team are there to help you and your child. Many resources are available to help your family get through this difficult time.</p> <p>You also can find information and support online at:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/coping">National Cancer Institute</a></li> <li><a href="https://www.acco.org/">American Childhood Cancer Organization</a></li> <li><a href="https://curesearch.org/Radiation-Therapy-in-Children">CureSearch</a></li> <li><a href="https://www.astro.org/Patient-Care-and-Research/Patient-Education/Patient-Brochures">The American Society for Radiation Oncology</a></li> </ul>RadioterapiaLa radioterapia es una forma de tratar el cáncer. Funciona impidiendo que las células cancerosas crezcan y destruyéndolas. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/radiation-esp.html/2d1fa78e-2b2f-4d92-97c3-a87b53a8a1ff
Can I Have Children After Cancer Treatments?When chemotherapy and other treatments attack cancer cells, they can affect some of the body's healthy cells too. As a teen, you'll want to know what this can mean to your fertility.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fertility.html/4543f264-b161-402f-8231-768ae12a4f1f
Cancer BasicsGet the basics on cancer and cancer treatments in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cancer.html/80768a55-ae26-44d5-82a5-675138383191
Cancer CenterFrom treatments and prevention to coping with the emotional aspects of cancer, the Cancer Center provides comprehensive information that parents need.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/cancer-center.html/92fcdf56-6935-42ac-a953-9eaf5f96fe2f
Cancer: Readjusting to Home and SchoolIf you've just finished a long hospital stay, you may have questions about reconnecting with friends and family. Get answers in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cancer-readjusting.html/5473fe0c-b8b9-4657-a320-1ab5d91bb9e0
ChemotherapyChemotherapy (chemo) is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of cancer cells.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/54f93018-4955-4463-b067-5621e285210f
Childhood CancerDifferent kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, most kids with cancer get better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer.html/fb37fd75-d961-43c2-b963-ef6f60486038
Coping With Cosmetic Effects of Cancer TreatmentIt's normal for kids to have hair loss, skin changes, or weight gain during treatment. This article offers tips for helping kids feel better about their appearance.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cosmetic-effects.html/901f4716-eb3c-4ce8-a36c-e60d8f586450
Dealing With CancerIt's unusual for teens to have cancer, but it can happen. The good news is that most will survive and return to their everyday lives. Learn about how to cope if you or someone you know has cancer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/deal-with-cancer.html/7bc989fa-70dd-47d8-8c21-c5359f1dca38
Effects of Cancer Treatment on FertilityWhile some cancer treatments have little to no effect on reproductive health, others are more likely cause temporary or permanent infertility.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-fertility.html/3b409a23-6f4e-47f5-9d9e-63ac4fed8be9
Late Effects of Cancer and Cancer TreatmentLong-term side effects, or late effects, happen to many cancer survivors. With early diagnosis and proper follow-up care, most late effects can be treated or cured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/late-effects.html/4f0ec7e2-6a0d-4c67-b4e7-f6e15de2816d
Nutritional Needs for Kids With CancerEating as well as possible and staying hydrated can help kids undergoing cancer treatment keep up their strength and deal with side effects. These tips can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-nutrition.html/12411d86-099c-4ca7-acc7-cb61405482f1
Radiation TherapyMore than half of all people with cancer are treated with radiation therapy. Get the facts on radiation therapy, including what it is, what to expect, and how to cope with side effects.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/radiation.html/4711ccb7-ee19-41a4-810b-938ce9b88a7b
Steroids for Treating CancerUnlike the steroids that body builders use, steroids used in cancer treatment are safe and help kids feel better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/steroid-treatment.html/2e913244-cf34-4cfd-987f-847382370bcf
Taking Care of You: Support for CaregiversIt's common to put your own needs last when caring for a child you love. But to be the best you can be, you need to take care of yourself, too. Here are some tips to help you recharge.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/caregivers.html/0b9a62ee-4f92-436b-b3ab-4b0f2ecdd005
What Is Cancer?When kids get cancer, it can often be treated and cured. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/cancer.html/ef4ba8b1-102b-48e8-bce2-e71e8c578610
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-oncologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-oncologyCancer & Tumorshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/cancer/088d4c52-cd61-4cca-af46-82de410d892aCaring for a Seriously or Chronically Ill Childhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/ill/079ac5d4-e734-4351-a7f0-3bd2b4dd9d93Cancer Basicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/cancer-basics/9ea0efb4-12d0-4d11-8b46-923deeb7b806Cancer Treatment & Preventionhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/treatment/9b82611a-8da8-4937-991c-407024862b68Doctor & Hospital Visitshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/doctor/f535fe49-643d-4fb4-ad2a-e20a2f64f48d