Radial Dysplasiaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Design_928_Radial_Dysplasia_enHD_2.jpgBabies with radial dysplasia (also called radial club hand) are born with a short or missing radial bone. This makes the wrist turn in.Radial Dysplasia, dysplagia, dysplasia, Radial Club Hand, syndactyly, radial bone, radius, forearm, fore arm, short forearm, wrist turned in, turned in wrist, fistula, short radius, short radial bone, short arm bone, VACTERL, syndrome, webbed, joined fingers, webbed fingers, webbed toes, joined toes, digits, conjoined, polydactyly, Symbrachydactyly, Thumb Duplication, Thumb Hypoplasia, Radial Club Hand, ortho, orthopedist, orthopedic, orthopaedic, ortho surgery, extremities, upper extremities, hand surgery, foot surgery, Ulnar Club Hand, clubfoot, club foot, too many fingers, not enough fingers, conjoined fingers, conjoined toes, hand disorders, orthopedic surgeons, conjoined digits, skeletal disorders, skeletal dysplasia06/06/201810/31/201809/02/2019Jennifer M. Ty, MD06/01/20186fa65f17-f1df-47fb-8f7b-35cb8efeccb5https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radial-dysplasia.html/<h3>What Is Radial Dysplasia?</h3> <p>Babies with radial dysplasia (also called <strong>radial club hand</strong>) are born with a short or missing radial bone.</p> <p>The radial <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bone</a>&nbsp;(also called the radius) is one of the two forearm bones. The short or missing radial bone causes the hand and wrist to turn inward toward the thumb side of the forearm. It also makes the forearm shorter than normal.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Radial Dysplasia?</h3> <p>There are four types of radial dysplasia . Signs and symptoms depend on what type of radial dysplasia a child has.</p> <h4>Type I</h4> <p>This is the mildest form of radial dysplasia. The radius is just a little shorter than normal and the wrist turns in only slightly.</p> <h4>Type II</h4> <p>The radius is much smaller than usual and the wrist is more turned in.</p> <h4>Type III</h4> <p>A large part of the radius missing and there is more severe turning in of the wrist. The other bone of the forearm (the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ulnar-dysplasia.html/">ulna</a>) is curved and thickened.</p> <h4>Type IV</h4> <p>There is no radius at all. The wrist is very turned in.</p> <p>In all types, the thumb may be smaller than usual or completely missing. Radial dysplasia can happen on one or both sides.</p> <h3>What Causes Radial Dysplasia?</h3> <p>Radial dysplasia happens while a baby is developing in the womb. It may be part of a syndrome known as VACTERL syndrome.</p> <p>In this condition, the baby may have:</p> <ul> <li><strong>V</strong>ertebral (spine) differences</li> <li><strong>A</strong>nal atresia (an anus that does not open to the outside of the body)</li> <li><strong>C</strong>ardiac (heart) problems</li> <li><strong>T</strong>racheo-<strong>E</strong>sophageal fistula (a connection between the breathing and swallowing tubes)</li> <li><strong>R</strong>enal (kidney) issues</li> <li><strong>L</strong>imb differences in addition to the radial dysplasia</li> </ul> <p>Sometimes it can happen as part of other <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genetic</a> syndromes where there are other medical problems too.</p> <h3>Who Gets Radial Dysplasia?</h3> <p>Any baby can be born with radial dysplasia. It does not run in families.&nbsp;</p> <h3>How Is Radial Dysplasia Diagnosed?</h3> <p>A prenatal <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/prenatal-ultrasound.html/">ultrasound</a> might show radial dysplasia. Otherwise, doctors diagnose it when a baby is born.</p> <p>X-rays of the bones in the hands and arms will help doctors decide on the best kind of treatment. Other tests might be done to see if the radial dysplasia is part of a genetic syndrome.</p> <h3>How Is Radial Dysplasia Treated?</h3> <p>Treatment for radial dysplasia depends on how severe the changes are. Treatment may include:</p> <ul> <li>exercises</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/splints.html/">splinting</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/casts.html/">casting</a> to help stretch the arm and wrist</li> <li>surgery to center the wrist or to make the thumb better</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Even with challenges, children with radial dysplasia are very good about finding ways to use their hands well. Some tasks can be adapted, like having shoes with Velcro instead of laces. Work with the medical team to help your child learn what works best.</p>Displasia radialLos bebés con displasia radial (también llamada mano zamba radial) nacen con el radio más corto de lo normal o sin él. El acortamiento o la ausencia del radio hacen que la mano y la muñeca se curven hacia dentro, acercando el dedo pulgar al antebrazo. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/radial-dysplasia-esp.html/12930c8e-fdd6-4f85-9906-11aef2ae4b34
Going to an Occupational TherapistOccupational therapy helps children overcome obstacles to be as independent as possible. Learn more about OT.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/occupational-therapist.html/9ecadc70-436b-4573-a947-12df6b333021
Occupational TherapyOccupational therapy can help improve kids' cognitive, physical, and motor skills and build their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/e6873992-af60-4bab-82d9-3bd1fe9ad5a3
PolydactylyPolydactyly is when a baby is born with an extra finger on the hand or an extra toe on the foot. It can be on one or both hands or feet.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/polydactyly.html/684055dc-071c-4973-8ce6-9281a43185ae
SymbrachydactylyBabies with symbrachydactyly are born with short often webbed fingers. Some might be missing fingers.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/symbrachydactyly.html/afe1b0ce-964d-477a-a395-e1f81141358c
SyndactylySyndactyly is when a baby is born with two or more fingers or toes joined or "webbed" together. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/syndactyly.html/5edd8317-51f6-443c-b25c-5ec74bd7218b
Thumb DuplicationBabies with thumb duplication (or thumb polydactyly) are born with an extra thumb on one or both hands. Most will have surgery to fix the problem.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thumb-duplication.html/f0a9cba2-ac76-470e-9d43-4345a6d57493
Thumb HypoplasiaBabies with thumb hypoplasia are born with a thumb that is smaller than normal, or with the thumb missing completely.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thumb-hypoplasia.html/c8fbf7e7-948b-4209-b1ed-e038838968e2
Ulnar DysplasiaBabies with ulnar dysplasia (also called ulnar club hand) are born with a short or missing ulnar bone. This makes the wrist turn out.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ulnar-dysplasia.html/99df5db6-d7ab-419d-bae9-56fd26c29bcd
X-Ray Exam: ForearmA forearm X-ray can help find the causes of pain, tenderness, swelling, or deformity. It can detect broken bones, and after a broken bone has been set, help determine whether it has healed properly.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-forearm.html/3f91e95a-f371-4784-a41f-4ff7e87b91d2
X-Ray Exam: HandA hand X-ray can help find the cause of pain, tenderness, swelling, and deformity. It also can detect broken bones or dislocated joints.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-hand.html/64b6be7e-e187-4bd6-a004-a72afbdf6296
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:age-toddlerOneToThreekh:clinicalDesignation-generalSurgerykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedBones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97