Chest Wall Disorder: Poland Syndromeenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Poland_Syndrome_enHD_1.jpgPoland syndrome is a condition where a child is born with missing or underdeveloped chest muscles.pectus excavatum, ribs, chest, funnel chest, cobbler's chest, concave, caved-in, caved in, chest wall, chest wall malformations, chest wall disorders, chest wall deformity, deformities, pectus, sunken chest, chest muscles, poland syndrome, poland chest, 11/07/201712/01/201709/02/2019Cynthia Reyes-Ferral, MD11/11/20170292f53d-3f26-4a1d-ad23-52256f55426dhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/poland-syndrome.html/<h3>What Is Poland Syndrome?</h3> <p>Poland syndrome is a condition where a child is born with missing or underdeveloped chest <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">muscles</a>. The shoulder, arm, and hand also can be involved. Usually only one side of the body is affected.</p> <h3>What Causes Poland Syndrome?</h3> <p>The cause of Poland syndrome is unknown. It may be from a blockage of blood flow to the chest, shoulder, arm, and hand muscles while a baby is developing in the womb.</p> <h3>Who Gets Poland Syndrome?</h3> <p>Most of the time, Poland syndrome happens sporadically. This means it's not inherited from a parent. It is more common in males than females.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Poland Syndrome?</h3> <p>Sometimes, Poland syndrome is barely noticeable. In other cases, it can be quite severe. The condition can be apparent at birth or not noticed until puberty.</p> <p>Signs of Poland syndrome include:</p> <ul> <li>missing or underdeveloped chest and shoulder muscles</li> <li>abnormal ribs that sometimes can lead to breathing problems</li> <li>breast or nipple abnormalities</li> <li>missing or abnormally placed underarm hair</li> <li>hand abnormalities such as short or fused fingers</li> <li>shortened forearm bones</li> <li>heart, lung, or kidney abnormalities</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Poland Syndrome Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Health care providers diagnose Poland syndrome based on a physical exam. If needed, they might also order tests such as:</p> <ul> <li>blood tests</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-exam-chest.html/">chest X-ray</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cat-scan-chest.html/">computed tomography (CT) scan</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ekg.html/">electrocardiogram (ECG)</a> to test heart function</li> <li>pulmonary function tests to check the lungs</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetics.html/">genetic testing</a> to look for related syndromes</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Poland Syndrome Treated?</h3> <p>Treatment for Poland syndrome usually is based on how severe it is. It may include:</p> <ul> <li>implants or injections to fill out the underdeveloped chest area</li> <li>hand surgery to create the most useful hand</li> <li>surgery on the ribs to help with breathing problems</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Mild Poland syndrome usually does not need treatment. But when the condition is very noticeable or causes other problems, treatment may help and can improve a child's physical and emotional well-being.</p>Trastorno de la pared torácica: síndrome de PolandEl síndrome de Poland es una afección en que el niño nace sin músculos pectorales o con unos músculos pectorales muy poco desarrollados.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/poland-syndrome-esp.html/3897203a-5086-430e-9d33-80cb6e736384
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
CAT Scan: ChestA chest CAT scan is a painless test that uses a special X-ray machine to take black-and-white pictures of a patient's lungs, heart, blood vessels, airway passages, ribs and lymph nodes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cat-scan-chest.html/5a3d0a98-1595-4488-a3bb-9596196de15f
Chest Wall Disorder: Pectus CarinatumPectus carinatum, sometimes called pigeon chest, is a deformity of the chest wall in which the chest juts out.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pectus-carinatum.html/293832bd-0adc-4f38-9f82-44e0863274ee
Chest Wall Disorder: Pectus ExcavatumPectus excavatum is a deformity of the chest wall that causes several ribs and the breastbone to grow abnormally, giving the chest a "caved-in" appearance. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pectus-excavatum.html/a5179c80-23ac-4642-8be4-1314b03937dc
Pectus Excavatum: Vacuum Bell DeviceHealth care providers sometimes suggest that kids use a vacuum bell to help correct pectus excavatum, a condition that causes a caved-in chest.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vacuum-bell-device.html/36056d77-5b3b-43ab-9e32-594018f7e7ae
X-Ray Exam: ChestA chest X-ray is a safe and painless test that uses a small amount of radiation to take a picture of a person's chest, including the heart, lungs, diaphragm, lymph nodes, upper spine, ribs, collarbone, and breastbone.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-exam-chest.html/76e5f78f-c75a-4a3a-bca8-ba0d8e3a5f6c
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedBones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97