Autism Spectrum Disorderenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-autismPDD-enHD-AR1.jpgAutism spectrum disorder affects a child's ability to communicate and learn. Early intervention and treatment can help kids improve skills and do their best.autism spectrum disorder, ASD, spectrum, pervasive developmental disorder, pdd, autistic spectrum disorders, developmental disorders, developmental disorder, autism, autistic, delayed speech, delayed language development, communication disorders, social disorders, repetitive motions, trouble with building relationships, playing with other children, pdds, asperger's syndrome, aspergers, rett syndrome, childhood integrative disorder, pdd-not otherwise specified, pdd-nos, pddnos, biological problems, neurological problems, cold mothers, facilitated communication, fc, inattention, my child has trouble paying attention, can't pay attention, idea, individuals with disabilities education act, iep, individualized education plans, autistic, developmental delays, adverse reactions to rubella vaccines, pertussis immunizations, food allergies, yeast, candida albicans, exposure to environmental toxins, biochemical imbalances, genetic disorders, immunologic problems, speech patterns, repeated words or phrases, social skills, repetitive movements, rocking back and forth, temper tantrums, my child doesn't speak, rituals, early intervention programs, arc, idea, individuals with disabilities education act, facilitated communication, fc, individualized education plan, iep, neurology, developmental medicine, behavioral medicine, general pediatrics, orthopedics, orthopaedics, autism spectrum disorder, ASD, CD1Developmental Pediatrics, CD1Autism04/26/200003/25/201909/02/2019Diane E. Treadwell-Deering, MD03/22/2019a7b0ca96-5b1f-412c-9da9-80bf22c8bba6https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/<h3>What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?</h3> <p>Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a brain disorder that starts early in life. It affects social communication and interaction and is accompanied by repeating and narrow patterns of behavior or interests.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder?</h3> <p>Children with ASD often have problems with:</p> <ul> <li>body language and eye contact</li> <li>social interactions</li> <li>building and maintaining relationships</li> <li>sensory input</li> <li>rigid behavior</li> <li>intense and unusual interests</li> </ul> <p><span style="font-size: 1em;">In toddlers, parents might notice:</span></p> <ul> <li>delayed speech</li> <li>using only a few gestures (waving, clapping, pointing)</li> <li>not responding when someone calls their name</li> <li>avoiding eye contact</li> <li>not sharing enjoyment or interests with others</li> <li>unusual ways of moving the hands, fingers, or whole body</li> <li>being very focused or attached to unusual objects</li> <li>little to no imitating of others or pretending</li> <li>unusual sensory interests</li> <li>rituals such as repeating things over and over or lining up objects</li> </ul> <p>Milder symptoms may not be recognized until a child is older and has problems with:</p> <ul> <li>forming friendships</li> <li>pretend play</li> <li>knowing how to act in different social situations</li> <li>unusual, intense interests in specific topics or activities</li> </ul> <p>No two people with ASD have the same signs and symptoms. Many things can play a role, such as language delays, thinking and learning problems, and behavioral challenges. For this reason, autism is described as a "spectrum."</p> <h3>How Is Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Public awareness of the signs of autism and new screening tools have made early identification of autism easier. Doctors look for signs and symptoms at every <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkups.html/">checkup</a>, ask about concerns parents may have, and do a screening test at the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-18mos.html/">18-month</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/checkup-2yrs.html/">2-year</a> visits.</p> <p>If any concerns are found, doctors will suggest a complete evaluation. This usually involves a team of experts. The team may include:</p> <ul> <li>medical doctors who treat developmental disorders</li> <li>psychologists</li> <li>occupational therapists and speech therapists</li> </ul> <p>They'll observe and evaluate the child to understand his or her language/communication, thinking, emotions, development, physical health, social skills, and self-help skills. They'll also ask the family about their concerns and the child's birth, growth, development, behavior, and family history.</p> <h3>What Causes ASD?</h3> <p>The exact cause of ASD is unknown. It's likely that many different things in combination lead to changes in the way the brain develops before a baby is born. The strongest evidence supports the role of a person's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genes</a>.</p> <p>Other things, such as problems during pregnancy or at birth, might play a role. Many children with ASD also have an intellectual disability.</p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/autism-studies.html/">Vaccines</a> do not cause autism.</p> <h3>How Is Autism Spectrum Disorder Treated?</h3> <p>The earlier treatment for kids with ASD starts, the better. Depending on a child's needs, treatment may include behavior therapy, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/speech-therapy.html/">speech therapy</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/">occupational therapy</a>, medicine, and extra help with learning. The goal is to help kids:</p> <ul> <li>communicate better</li> <li>play with others and learn social skills</li> <li>lessen repetitive or bad behaviors</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/special-ed-support.html/">improve learning</a></li> <li>be safe and take care of their bodies</li> </ul> <h4>Before Age 3</h4> <p>Before age 3, kids might be eligible for services through their state's early intervention program. Families work with a team of experts on an Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP). This plan outlines goals and comes up with a treatment plan.</p> <p>A team of therapists provides therapy at home or in daycare to eligible families.</p> <p>Services may also be available in hospital-based clinics or in community centers. Insurance companies may reimburse for many services.</p> <h4>After Age 3</h4> <p>Kids ages 3 to 5 years old with ASD who qualify are entitled to free preschool services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Therapy and/or extra learning help is offered through local school districts or other learning centers &mdash; either at home or in a classroom.</p> <p>When kids reach kindergarten age, parents can ask to switch to an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/iep.html/">individualized education program (IEP)</a> through the local school district. An IEP can include learning goals along with behavioral, social, and self-care goals. Special education services are available until a child's 21st birthday.</p> <p>Hospitals, medical centers, and clinics that provide children's health services often have services for kids with ASD. Both public and private behavioral health clinics may have specific services for them. Freestanding autism centers in the community may offer some services that benefit kids with ASD.</p> <p>Sometimes medicines are used to treat symptoms like aggression, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adhd.html/">hyperactivity</a> and inattention, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anxiety-disorders.html/">anxiety</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-depression.html/">depression</a>, and sleep problems.</p> <p>There isn't much research to show the benefits of many therapy approaches to ASD &mdash; such as diet changes; supplements; and music, art, and animal therapies. Tell your doctor and other team members about any other therapies you're using or considering so you can discuss the risks and possible benefits.</p> <h3>How Can I Help My Child?</h3> <p>If your child is diagnosed with ASD, many resources and support services can help. Your doctor and care team can point you in the right direction.</p> <p>These age-specific autism checklists also can help guide you. Click a link to learn more:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/autism-checklist-preschoolers.html/">Autism Special Needs Checklist: Babies &amp; Preschoolers (Birth to age 5)</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/autism-checklist-bigkids.html/">Autism Special Needs Checklist: Big Kids (Ages 6&ndash;12)</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/autism-checklist-teens.html/">Autism Special Needs Checklist: Teens and Young Adults (Ages 13&ndash;21)</a></li> </ul>Trastorno del espectro autista El trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) es un trastorno cerebral con el que se nace. Afecta a la comunicación y a la interacción social y va acompañado de patrones de comportamiento e intereses restringidos y repetitivos. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders-esp.html/a47782e1-670f-499f-9a67-33860195ed6e
504 Education PlansIf your child has special needs in the classroom, he or she may be eligible for a government-supported learning plan.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/504-plans.html/0af3e773-e353-4673-a384-b0e9b4a5c1f2
Autism Checklist: Babies & Preschoolers (Birth to age 5)When your child is diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, there's a lot to learn. This 7-step checklist can help you find the best path forward.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/autism-checklist-preschoolers.html/873ebfd6-9dd9-4584-88d4-32aa750f6f2f
Autism Special Needs Checklist: Big Kids (ages 6-12)Having a plan for the future can help your big kid reach his or her full potential. Follow this 8-step checklist to help your child succeed during the elementary school years. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/autism-checklist-bigkids.html/f4ed40fc-9101-471c-864a-bab28c7dd876
Autism Special Needs Checklist: Teens & Young AdultsAs your child moves toward adulthood, learn the tools you need to make the transition as smooth as possible. This 6-step checklist can help. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/autism-checklist-teens.html/c804c650-ec73-4d76-bdd7-d67370bfaf47
Autism Spectrum DisorderAutism spectrum disorder makes it hard for kids to learn and communicate. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/autism.html/e5b59ee1-49c8-4737-8d10-3532f954229e
Delayed Speech or Language DevelopmentKnowing what's "normal" and what's not in speech and language development can help you figure out if you should be concerned or if your child is right on schedule.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/not-talk.html/0c41b2d1-1773-4a32-aeca-9a09589718ab
Going to a Speech TherapistYou might visit a speech therapist if you're having trouble speaking or understanding others. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/speech-therapist.html/949b7d74-02e5-451d-b374-bf774e71c3de
Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)Some kids may be eligible for individualized education programs in public schools, free of charge. Understanding how to access these services can help you be an effective advocate for your child.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/iep.html/ef341e68-df36-41ee-a535-d8b3906379f7
Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderAll kids have worries and doubts. But some have obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in which their worries compel them to behave in certain ways over and over again. OCD can get better with the right attention and care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ocd.html/344575a2-b6b9-4cfc-b608-804289308f3c
Special Education: Getting Help for Your ChildKids with special needs may quality for services to help with learning. Here is a guide to getting the help your child needs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/special-ed-support.html/c21b6734-3db7-4dc6-a608-cb1575f8190e
Speech-Language TherapyWorking with a certified speech-language pathologist can help a child with speech or language difficulties.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/speech-therapy.html/9bcaa854-6c27-4d01-80c3-176d24a1ac3e
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicinekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicineLearning Disordershttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/learning/ec5e6230-07cd-48f8-8d19-78d04d52dc5dLearning & Educationhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/positive/learning/1953e128-6bf3-4f0f-99cd-c4e81f4501ed