What Is "PANS"?enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-QA-enHD-AR1.gifFind out what the experts have to say.PANS, Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome, panz, pediatric acute onset, neuropsychiatric syndrome, neuropsychiatric, neuro psychiatric, nueropsychiatric, syndromes, sindromes, nurosyciatric, pans, pandas, PANDAS, strep throat, scarlet fever, OCD, obsessive compulsive disorder, tourette syndrome, Tourette, tourettes, tic, behavior problem, emotional problem, change in personality, habit, ticks, strep, group A streptococcus, streptococcus, Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections, basal ganglia, obsessions, tics, bed wetting, bedwetting, wetting the bed, cumpulsions, compulsions, anxiety, spams, uncontrollable movements, tix, lyme, lyme disease, mycoplasma, chickenpox, chicken pox, flu, influenza, bacterial infections, viral infections, contagiousness, contagious, antibody, antibodies07/21/201012/21/201612/21/2016Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD09/14/2015f6e5e6fd-42b2-4420-8709-42489c1e428ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pandas.html/<p><em>A child at my son's school was recently diagnosed with something called "PANS." What is this?</em><br /> &ndash; <em>Winni</em></p> <p>PANS stands for <strong>P</strong>ediatric <strong>A</strong>cute-onset <strong>N</strong>europsychiatric <strong>S</strong>yndrome. Researchers are only beginning to study and understand this syndrome, so there are a lot of unanswered questions about what it is and what causes it.</p> <p>What we do know is that kids with PANS have severe symptoms of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ocd.html/">obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)</a> that come on very suddenly. They also may have sudden and severe <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anxiety-disorders.html/">anxiety</a>, mood swings, irritability, or uncontrollable movements. School performance might suffer, and some kids have sleep problems or a sudden case of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/enuresis.html/">bedwetting</a>.</p> <p>It's unclear why these symptoms happen. One theory is that an earlier infection may have led to the development of antibodies that &mdash; besides attacking the infecting germs &mdash; mistakenly targeted an area of the brain that controls behavior.</p> <p>In the past, some kids with these symptoms were diagnosed as having PANDAS (<strong>P</strong>ediatric <strong>A</strong>cute-onset <strong>N</strong>europsychiatric <strong>D</strong>isorders <strong>A</strong>ssociated with <strong>S</strong>treptococcus). This name was given because it seemed that symptoms were brought on by a streptococcus infection, like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strep-throat.html/">strep throat</a>.</p> <p>Now, however, researchers are finding that symptoms can be triggered by other infections (such as the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/flu.html/">flu</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chicken-pox.html/">chickenpox</a>, mycoplasma, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lyme.html/">Lyme disease</a>) or may be caused by something else entirely. Because of this, the new name "PANS" was coined to more accurately describe the syndrome (and put the focus on the symptoms, rather than the symptoms <em>and</em> cause). PANDAS, a term still widely in use, is now considered a type of PANS.</p> <p>PANS isn't contagious, so kids can't catch it from a classmate. If a contagious infection (like strep throat)&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 1em;">triggered someone's PANS, </span><em style="font-size: 1em;">that</em><span style="font-size: 1em;"> illness can be passed from one person to another.&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 1em;">But in general, you don't have to worry about your child developing PANS. Almost all school-age kids get infections and almost all recover with no complications. Similarly, most kids who have OCD did not get it as a result of PANS.</span></p> <p>Scientists are studying PANS to better understand the possible link between infections, OCD, and other symptoms.</p>
Getting a Strep Test (Video)The test for strep throat doesn't hurt, but it might make you gag a little. Watch how it's done in this video for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/video-strep.html/13abee51-711e-425f-941e-bfe5875381b9
Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderAll kids have worries and doubts. But some have obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in which their worries compel them to behave in certain ways over and over again. OCD can get better with the right attention and care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ocd.html/344575a2-b6b9-4cfc-b608-804289308f3c
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)Someone might say you're obsessed with soccer or something else that you really like, but when someone has a true obsession, it isn't any fun. Find out more about obsessive-compulsive disorder in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/ocd.html/2b0591fe-5ed3-45da-ac1e-0271b01af085
Scarlet FeverScarlet fever is an illness caused by a strep infection. It causes a red, bumpy rash that spreads over most of the body, and is treated with antibiotics.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scarlet-fever.html/0efc7920-0a3c-4f87-bf52-408d7ffafa0d
Strep ThroatStrep throat is a common cause of sore throat in kids and teens. It usually requires treatment with antibiotics, but improves in a few days.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strep-throat.html/4504e91d-3bbd-4d1a-beb8-516fc25df480
TicsA tic is a sudden, repetitive movement or sound that some people make, which can be difficult to control.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/tics.html/60b4ef80-7b59-480f-a554-4bf36a7e7e37
Tourette SyndromeTourette syndrome affects the body's brain and nervous system by causing tics - repeated, uncontrollable movements or involuntary vocal sounds.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/tourette.html/9284975c-c80d-4087-b057-b2276f072654
Word! Strep ScreenIf you've ever gone to the doctor with a really sore throat, you may have had a strep screen.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-strep-screen.html/60ce43f9-4ab2-45bb-9ad7-0755c742c1c7
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-behavioralHealthkh:genre-qAndAkh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseBacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61