Orofacial Cleftsenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_01_2.jpgA cleft is when tissues of the mouth or lip don't form properly when a baby is developing in the womb. The good news is that orofacial clefts are treatable.cleft lip, cleft palate, oral clefting, cleft lip and palate, birth defects, fetal ultrasound, feeding, obturator, oral surgery, speech therapy, dental care, orthodontia, reconstructive surgery, anterior palates, posterior palates, cosmetic surgery, plastic surgery, unilateral, bilateral, otitis media, ear infections, myringotomy tubes, ear tubes, alveolar ridge defect, orthopalatal expansion, osteotomy, orthognathic surgery, teasing, self-esteem, CD1Perinatology, CD1Cleft Lip & Palate03/27/201906/17/201909/02/2019Brian C. Kellogg, MD and Ani Danelz, CCC-SLP06/03/20195234ad6b-601b-4d61-8a13-d294f3877f55https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/orofacial-clefts.html/<h3>What Is a Cleft?</h3> <p>A cleft is when a baby is born with an opening in the lip and/or roof of the mouth (palate). A baby with a cleft might have:</p> <ul> <li>only a cleft lip</li> <li>both a cleft lip and a cleft palate (PAL-it)</li> <li>only a cleft palate</li> </ul> <p>Cleft lip alone and cleft lip with a cleft palate happen more often in boys. A cleft palate without a cleft lip is more common in girls.</p> <p>Together, these are called <strong>orofacial clefts</strong>. Most kids can have surgery to repair them within the first year or two of life.</p> <h3>What Are the Types of Clefts?</h3> <h4>Cleft Lip</h4> <p>A <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cleft-lip.html/"><strong>cleft lip</strong></a> may just look like a small opening on the edge of the lip, or it could extend into the nose. It may also extend into the gums.</p> <p>A cleft lip can be a:</p> <ul> <li><strong>unilateral cleft lip:</strong> a split on one side of the lip</li> <li><strong>bilateral cleft lip:</strong> splits on both sides of the lip</li> </ul> <p>Clefts can range in size:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Some are just a small notch in the lip (an <strong>incomplete cleft lip</strong>).</li> <li>Others extend from the lip through the upper gum and into the nostril (a <strong>complete cleft lip</strong>). This can make the baby's nose look wider and shorter than normal, especially when there are clefts on both sides of the lip.</li> </ul> <p><strong style="font-size: 1em;">Read more about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cleft-lip.html/">cleft lip</a>.</strong></p> <h4>Cleft Palate</h4> <p>A <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cleft-palate.html/"><strong>cleft palate</strong></a> is when a baby is born with a cleft in the roof of the mouth. This leaves a hole between the nose and the mouth. It can be:</p> <ul> <li><strong>a complete cleft palate:</strong> going from behind the front teeth to the back of the palate</li> <li><strong>an incomplete cleft palate:</strong> affecting just the back of the palate, near the back of the throat</li> </ul> <p><strong>Read more about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cleft-palate.html/">cleft palate</a>.</strong></p> <p>Another kind of cleft palate, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/submucous-cleft-palate.html/"><strong>a submucous cleft palate (SMCP)</strong></a>, happens when the cleft is underneath the mucous membrane, the tissue that covers the palate. This makes it harder to see.</p> <p><strong>Read more about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/submucous-cleft-palate.html/">submucous cleft palate</a>.</strong></p> <h4>Cleft Palate With Cleft Lip</h4> <p>A <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cleft-palate-cleft-lip.html/"><strong>cleft palate with a cleft lip</strong></a> is when a baby's lip and palate (roof of mouth) both do not form properly during pregnancy. How serious the defects are can vary depending on the type of cleft lip and the type of cleft palate.</p> <p>For instance, one baby might be born with:</p> <ul> <li><strong>An incomplete cleft palate with an incomplete unilateral cleft lip:</strong> The baby has a cleft on one side of the lip only that does not extend to the nostril, and a cleft in the roof of the mouth that does not go all the way to the back of the palate.</li> </ul> <p>But another baby might have:</p> <ul> <li><strong>A complete cleft palate with a complete bilateral cleft lip:</strong> the baby has clefts on both sides of the lip that reach the nostrils and a cleft in the roof of the mouth that goes all the way back.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Read more about <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cleft-palate-cleft-lip.html/">cleft palate with cleft lip</a>.</strong></p>Hendiduras orofacialesUna hendidura es una abertura en el labio y/o en el paladar con la que un bebé nace. La mayoría de los niños pueden tener una cirugía para repararlas en el primero o segundo año de vida. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/orofacial-clefts-esp.html/b973f1fc-5c79-43f0-932b-d44a74a2b28d
All About GeneticsRead the basics about genetics, including how certain illnesses, or increased risks for certain illnesses, pass from generation to generation.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/0a35cfc5-5d12-46d2-b0a9-ffae83cace5c
Birth DefectsSome birth defects are minor and cause no problems; others cause major disabilities. Learn about the different types of birth defects, and how to help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/eeaa74ff-3f65-4df3-8757-9df2d014c2ee
Cleft LipA cleft lip is when a baby's lip doesn't form properly during pregnancy. Most kids can have surgery to repair one early in life.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cleft-lip.html/4504c0c5-b614-4b52-815a-56cb0918aaeb
Cleft PalateA cleft palate is when a baby is born with a cleft (gap) in the roof of the mouth. Most kids can have surgery to repair them early in life.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cleft-palate.html/2431459d-334d-4b0e-8666-63877dda7793
Cleft Palate With Cleft LipA cleft palate with a cleft lip is when a baby's lip and palate (roof of mouth) don't form properly during pregnancy. Most kids with cleft lip and palate are treated successfully with no lasting problems. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cleft-palate-cleft-lip.html/26b5f5ef-cb99-4339-84fd-84d0f5a36dbf
Going to a Speech TherapistYou might visit a speech therapist if you're having trouble speaking or understanding others. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/speech-therapist.html/949b7d74-02e5-451d-b374-bf774e71c3de
NasopharyngoscopyA nasopharyngoscopy is an exam doctors do to view the back of the throat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nasopharyngoscopy.html/22466c5c-4ed1-4c82-9dc7-377db07c055b
Plastic SurgeryLots of images may come to mind when you think of plastic surgery. This special type of surgery involves a person's appearance and ability to function.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/plastic-surgery.html/28683383-7c39-4693-b5c3-440da04e2b6a
Prenatal Test: UltrasoundA prenatal ultrasound is a safe and painless test that shows a baby's shape and position. It can be done in the first, second, or third trimester of pregnancy.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/prenatal-ultrasound.html/457905ff-e58b-4c93-80f9-3169939f08e2
Speech-Language Therapy for Children With Cleft PalateSpeech-language pathologists help kids with speech problems related to a cleft palate. Find out what they do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/speech-therapy-cleft-palate.html/7c2474bd-f03b-4ed9-a431-263aa4c7f8ce
Submucous Cleft PalateIn a submucous cleft palate, the muscles of the palate don't form properly, but the tissue that lines the roof of the mouth does. This makes these clefts harder to see.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/submucous-cleft-palate.html/8b509965-ab8f-4641-8c59-e69f41ecc65d
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