Giving Opioid Prescription Pain Medicine: What Parents Need to Knowenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P_Giving_Opioid_Medicine_enHD_1.jpgIf your child’s health care provider prescribed a prescription pain medicine that contains an opioid, you probably have many questions about how to use it safely. Get answers here.prescription pain medicine, opioid, opioids, opiod, opiods, percocet, hydrocodone with acetaminophen, Hycet, Lortab, oxycodone with acetaminophen, Roxicet, oxycodone and hydromorphone, Dilaudid, morphine, oxycodone, OxyContin, Oxy, hydrocodone, Vicodin, codeine, heroin, methadone, overdose, overdoses, overdosed, over dose, addiction, addicted, addicts, drug abuse, substance abuse, pain relief, pain meds, pain medicines, drug safety, give drugs safely, medicine safety, dispose of medicine, get rid of old medicine, prescription drug abuse, abusing drugs, getting high12/14/201707/17/201809/02/2019Elissa G. Miller, MD01/18/20186fe4b645-ff75-4d5f-87a1-eea091b74814https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/opioid-prescription-safety.html/<p>Sometimes children need medicine to help with pain after surgery or a procedure. Prescription opioid medicines are very good at controlling pain. They work by blocking pain messages from reaching the brain.</p> <p>There are risks to taking opioid pain medicines. They can cause serious side effects and lead to dependence, addiction, and overdose. The misuse of these medicines has contributed to the opioid crisis in America. Hundreds of people die from opioid overdoses every day, and millions are fighting addiction.</p> <p>You may be worried that your child could become addicted or be at risk for an overdose. By reading the information below and following the opioid safety checklist, you can give your child opioid pain medicine as safely as possible.</p> <h4>Opioid Safety Checklist</h4> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Give the opioids exactly as prescribed.</li> <li>Give the opioids only to the person they were prescribed for.</li> <li>Store the opioids in a locked cabinet away from children, friends, and visitors.</li> <li>Keep track of how much medicine is in the container so you know if someone else is taking the medicine.</li> <li>Safely get rid of any leftover opioids as soon as your child no longer needs them.</li> <li>Talk to your children about the risks of taking medicines that are not prescribed for them.</li> </ul> <h3>What Opioid Pain Medicines Are Prescribed for Children and Teens?</h3> <p>Opioid pain medicines prescribed for children and teens include:</p> <ul> <li>hydrocodone with acetaminophen liquid (Hycet&reg;) and pills (Vicodin&reg; and Lortab&reg;)</li> <li>oxycodone with acetaminophen liquid (Roxicet&reg;) and pills (Percocet&reg;)</li> <li>hydromorphone liquid and pills (Dilaudid&reg;)</li> <li>morphine liquid and pills</li> <li>oxycodone liquid and pills</li> <li>others &mdash; Ask your health care provider if your child is prescribed an opioid pain medicine that is not on this list.</li> </ul> <h3>What Are the Risks of Opioid Pain Medicines?</h3> <p>Someone who takes an opioid pain medicine for a few days might notice side effects like sleepiness, constipation, itching, and stomach upset. When opioids are taken as directed, these side effects may be inconvenient, but are not dangerous.</p> <p>If opioids are taken for longer, there are other risks, including:</p> <ul> <li>developing a tolerance (needing more opioid for the same pain relief)&nbsp;</li> <li>physical dependence (having symptoms of withdrawal when the opioid is stopped)&nbsp;</li> <li>addiction (when someone has very strong cravings and continues to take an opioid even when it causes problems with health, relationships, and money)</li> </ul> <p>Someone addicted to opioids will want to get more when the prescription runs out. This can lead to inappropriate or risky behavior, such as lying to a doctor to get a new prescription, buying opioids from a friend, stealing opioids from friends or family, or buying and using street drugs.</p> <p>Taking too much of an opioid or mixing it with other drugs and/or alcohol can lead to overdose and death.</p> <h3>Could My Child Become Addicted to Opioids?</h3> <p>Most kids and teens who take opioids for a short time as instructed by a health care provider do not get addicted. For example, a teen who has surgery or a broken bone and takes an opioid as prescribed is very unlikely to become addicted.</p> <h3>Why Do I Need to Lock Up the Opioids?</h3> <p>Sometimes people take opioids prescribed for someone else. For example, a teen might take a younger sibling's medicine or someone might take a friend's opioid to manage pain, anxiety, or sleep problems. They might think that prescription opioid medicines are safer than street drugs because health care providers prescribe them.</p> <p>But prescription opioids can lead to serious side effects, addiction, and overdose. Keeping the opioids locked up will help make sure they're taken only by the person they were prescribed for.</p> <h3>How Do I Safely Dispose of Unused Medicine?</h3> <p>Ask your health care provider or pharmacist how to safely get rid of any unused medicine. He or she may recommend that you flush the medicine, mix it with coffee grounds and then throw it away, or take it to a drug take-back program. The FDA has <a href="https://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm101653.htm">more information</a>.</p> <h3>How Can I Help Prevent Opioid Addiction in Our Family?</h3> <p>Talk to your kids about using <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medication-safety.html/">medicines safely</a>. Tell them that prescription pain medicines are safe only when prescribed by a health care provider and can be dangerous or addictive if used in any other way. Set a good example by never taking medicine that wasn't prescribed for you.</p> <h3>How Can I Get Help for Someone With a Substance Abuse Problem?</h3> <p>Call SAMHSA's National Helpline at 1-800-662-HELP (4357). This free and confidential service is available in English and Spanish.</p>Administrar medicamentos opioides con prescripción médica: lo que los padres necesitan saberA veces, los niños necesitan medicamentos para ayudarles a aliviar el dolor después de una operación o de un procedimiento médico. Los opioides que les receten sus médicos van muy bien para controlar el dolor. Actúan impidiendo que lleguen al cerebro los mensajes sobre el dolor.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/opioid-prescription-safety-esp.html/1e1fb409-3a6a-435a-91ed-6fb30edd36ba
Cough & Cold Medicine AbuseThe DXM in cough and cold medicines can cause feelings like out-of-body sensations. But even though these medicines are sold over the counter, there are serious health risks of taking too much. Find out more in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/dxm.html/f7b02791-5b66-42fc-be51-a2b79fe6f990
Cough and Cold Medicine AbuseChugging cough medicine for an instant high is a dangerous, potentially deadly practice.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cough-cold-medicine-abuse.html/53db978c-fbc5-4371-8cf4-49c033b1ccd4
Dealing With AddictionFind out what you can do if you think you or a friend has a drug or alcohol addiction - from recognizing the warning signs to suggestions to help you stay clean.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/addictions.html/1bb39666-6df9-4f2a-b2ab-62dc486fd6f3
DepressantsTaken medically, depressants help people get through problems like anxiety. But when used as a recreational drug, they can cause problems and affect some of the body's vital functions. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/depressants.html/c7277d74-b842-4501-9c51-897568944a84
Drugs: What Parents Need to KnowKnowing what drugs are out there, what they can do, and how they can affect someone is the first step in raising drug-free kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/drugs-information.html/76baba36-e95f-40b2-abdd-b2848e63f048
Drugs: What to KnowIt's not hard to find drugs, and sometimes it may seem like everyone's doing them or wanting you to do them. But there are downsides (and dangers) to taking drugs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/know-about-drugs.html/ebae1d42-3774-4b73-b613-e930c809dffa
Getting Rid of Old MedicinesMedicines can cause problems if they get into the water supply or the wrong hands. Find out how to dispose of old or unused meds safely in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/old-meds.html/2d73cba8-585e-4c05-84f5-1d8a0f3f02c8
HeroinHeroin is a highly addictive drug made from the seed pod of the opium poppy plant. Learn more about heroin and its effects in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/heroin.html/ed9d1d96-fc80-44b9-8598-2dfb7ea8a2b5
Medicines: Using Them SafelyGiving kids medicine safely can be complicated. Here's how you can help treat your child's illness while you prevent dangerous reactions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medication-safety.html/a9ab412d-9b81-4c9c-ab34-b597e0434e9a
Prescription Drug AbuseThere are many downsides to experimenting with prescription drugs. Find out more in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/prescription-drug-abuse.html/8af1d296-b2d9-4a12-98c9-090df749289f
Talking to Your Child About DrugsJust as you inoculate your kids against illnesses like measles, you can help "immunize" them against drug use by giving them the facts now.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-about-drugs.html/d59e47d1-2bc1-4e0e-ba26-c9c04bf9d511
What Medicines Are and What They DoYou've taken medicine before. But what is it?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/kidmedic.html/cba7ea15-1b72-4554-a1fa-28a4fd3b0245
What You Need to Know About DrugsDrugs are chemicals that change the way a person's body works. Some drugs help you feel better, but drugs also can harm you. Learn more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/know-drugs.html/8674c35c-27c3-4826-b7e0-ff8f79d64e31
Word! AddictionAn addiction is an urge to do something that is hard to control or stop.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-addiction.html/92f2c7de-2aea-4c6e-a7db-1bc65ab26ce4
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-emergencyMedicinekh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsWhen Your Child Has Surgeryhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/surgery/bf0ccfe3-e844-44b9-bf7e-d3e2a660e40aSick Kidshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/general/sick/3c1c9be2-f915-4f76-baac-ad2943a5a8e6Medicinehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/medicine/32be9cd2-a1c3-4c93-ba8f-8c6c871fdb24