What Are Nebulizers and Inhalers?enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/What_are_Nebulizers_and_Inhalers_enHD_1.jpgFind out how these asthma tools help kids take their medicines.nebulizer, nebulizers, inhaler, inhalers, metered dose inhaler, metered dose inhalers, mdi, mdis, dry powder inhaler, dpi, dpis, dry powder inhalers, using an inhaler, using a nebulizer, face mask, facemask, face masks, facemasks, spacer, spacers, using a spacer, using spacers, asthma, my child has asthma, asthma medicine, asthma medicines, asthma medications, asthma medication, treating asthma, asthma treatment, CD1Asthma09/30/200404/12/201804/12/2018Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph, MD08/29/201740507968-313a-4352-8456-3a76547c875ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nebulizer-inhaler.html/<h3>What Are Nebulizers and Inhalers?</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/nebulizer.html/">Nebulizers</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/inhaler.html/">inhalers</a> are tools that help kids take their <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rescue-controller.html/">asthma medicines</a>. Most <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-basics.html/">asthma</a> medicines start out in liquid form. In order to work, they need to be breathed into the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/">lungs</a>.</p> <p>Nebulizers and inhalers turn liquid medicine into a mist so that kids can breathe it in. Some inhalers release the medicine in a fine powder form that also can be breathed in.</p> <p>These tools are effective when used properly. But each have their pros and cons &mdash;&nbsp;so talk to your doctor about which one is best for your child.</p> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"><!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-metadata.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/kh-video-controller.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/video/multi-asthma-how-to-web-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div> <h3>How Does a Nebulizer Work?</h3> <p>A nebulizer is an electric or battery-powered machine. It usually has four parts:&nbsp;</p> <ol> <li>the motor</li> <li>the mouthpiece or facemask</li> <li>the cup</li> <li>tubing</li> </ol> <p>Medicine is put into the cup, which is attached to the motor via tubing. The mouthpiece or facemask is then attached to the cup. When the machine is turned on, it sends a mist into the mask. The child can breathe in this mist.</p> <p>Kids don't have to "do" anything to receive the medicine except stay still and breathe in. It usually takes about 5 or 10 minutes to breathe in all the medicine. A child who doesn't stay still and cooperate, or who cries, may not get all the medicine needed. During treatment, it's important to help your child be as still and calm as possible.</p> <h3>How Does an Inhaler Work?</h3> <h4>Metered dose inhalers (MDI)</h4> <p>MDIs push out a pre-measured spray of asthma medicine. They look like mini aerosol cans. When a person squeezes the inhaler, a measured "puff" of medicine is released.&nbsp;</p> <p>MDIs require coordination when used on their own. A child must be able to activate the device and breathe in at the same time. If not, the medicine may end up in the mouth instead of in the lungs. That's why for younger kids many doctors recommend attaching the metered dose inhaler to a spacer.</p> <p>A spacer is a kind of holding chamber for asthma medicine. It attaches to the inhaler on one end and to a mouthpiece or mask on the other end. When someone pushes down on the inhaler, the medicine stays in the spacer until he or she is ready to breathe it in. So, it's possible for very young kids and even babies to take their medicines using a metered dose inhaler with a spacer because they don't have to "do" anything other than sit and breathe.</p> <p>With a spacer, it usually takes less than 30 seconds to get medicine into the lungs.</p> <p>Some MDIs have counters that indicate how many doses remain. If there's no counter, the number of doses already used should be tracked so that the inhaler can be replaced on time.</p> <h4>Dry Powder Inhalers</h4> <p>Dry powder inhalers deliver medicine as a powder. The powder is also breathed in, but it doesn't spray out. Kids need to do more of the work by inhaling the powdered medicine quickly and strongly. Most kids can do this when they're around 5 or 6 years old.</p> <p>Doctors tend to prescribe MDIs more commonly than dry powder inhalers.</p> <h3>What Else Should I Know?</h3> <p>Using nebulizers or inhalers can be tricky. So ask your doctor to show you how the device works before you first use it. Doctors might ask an older kid or teen to demonstrate using an inhaler and offer advice, if needed.</p> <p>If you have any questions or if you're concerned that your child isn't getting the right dose of medicine, talk to your doctor.</p>¿Cuál es la diferencia entre un nebulizador y un inhalador?Los inhaladores y los nebulizadores son dos aparatos usados para proporcionar medicación de rescate  o de control directamente a los pulmones de su hijo. El médico de su hijo decidirá qué tipo de aparato es mejor para su hijo.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/nebulizer-inhaler-esp.html/fb67fc5d-8d50-4f9c-89d8-70e9bd53622d
AsthmaAsthma is a lung condition that makes it hard to breathe. Learn all about asthma here. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asthma.html/fdec47a5-6cd6-4e9d-bd40-d8f4a3e7dc08
Asthma CenterVisit our Asthma Center for information and advice on managing and living with asthma.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/asthma-center.html/fcf87d3b-2976-44ee-843e-5d897168cc59
Asthma MedicinesAsthma medicine comes in two main types: quick-relief and long-term control medicines. Even if a child takes a long-term control medicine regularly, quick-relief medicine is still needed to handle flare-ups.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rescue-controller.html/aba24870-8ec7-4853-b988-e48b83a7fe01
Definition: InhalerAn inhaler is a device that gets medicine directly into a person's lungs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/inhaler.html/5c776866-dc7c-435a-9d9b-16c343e0db6a
Definition: NebulizerA nebulizer is an electrically powered machine that turns liquid medication into a mist so that it can be breathed directly into the lungs through a face mask or mouthpiece.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/nebulizer.html/2dafb888-6aa9-49a4-a843-39f6ec17ef41
Handling an Asthma Flare-UpHow can you prepare for an asthma flare-up? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/asthma-flare-up.html/299f548c-fa21-4edd-8681-ede63bc903f8
How Can I Deal With My Asthma?Asthma is more common these days than it used to be. The good news is it's also a lot easier to manage and control.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asthma-mgmt.html/79651480-4a69-4ed6-b096-969ddf016040
How Do Asthma Medicines Work?Two different types of medicines are used to treat asthma: long-term control medicines and quick-relief medicines. Read about how they work, and why people might need to take them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asthma-medicines.html/d38d996f-715b-475b-876a-87677b3e5c82
My Asthma Inhaler Doesn't Help. What Can I Do?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/inhaler-help.html/1800fda3-3996-4517-a360-5df66b1bb45f
What's the Difference Between a Nebulizer and an Inhaler?People use inhalers and nebulizers to get asthma medicine into their lungs. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/nebulizer-inhaler.html/ac16509d-2596-4f22-afa0-64cc7a07f6e9
Word! NebulizerA nebulizer may sound like a space gun, but you don't have to be on a spaceship to use it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-nebulizer.html/fd1452fc-364a-476b-bd6b-25f5b3b72baa
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-allergykh:clinicalDesignation-pulmonologykh:genre-qAndAkh:genre-videokh:primaryClinicalDesignation-pulmonologyAsthma Medications & Monitoringhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-center/meds-monitoring/bc3c116b-fa2f-46be-beaa-82e9b07defcbAsthmahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/asthma/38b75bab-a2d3-45f2-ab08-3ea24d139eb0Asthma Q&Ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asthma-center/q-a/0ce2ee98-a644-4adb-a3c3-f22f2cd9d5aa