Mosquito-Borne Diseasesenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/KH_generic_header_05_2.jpgMosquito-borne diseases are illnesses spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. mosquito-borne diseases, mosquito-borne infections, mosquito, mosquitos, mosquitoes, chikungunya dengue fever, EEE, eastern encephalitis, Eastern and western equine encephalitis, Japanese encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis, malaria, St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile, yellow fever, zika, encephalitis, fevers, bug bites, insect bites, mosquito bites, insect repellent, CD1Infectious Disease10/07/201902/20/202002/20/2020Mary L. Gavin, MD10/07/2019dcd6a947-6a9d-45b7-8f6a-50aa8a5b0a75https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mosquito-diseases.html/<h3>What Are Mosquito-Borne Diseases?</h3> <p>Mosquito-borne diseases are illnesses spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. They include:</p> <ul> <li>chikungunya</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dengue.html/">dengue fever</a></li> <li>Eastern and Western equine encephalitis</li> <li>Japanese encephalitis</li> <li>La Crosse encephalitis</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/malaria.html/">malaria</a></li> <li>St. Louis encephalitis</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/west-nile.html/">West Nile virus</a></li> <li>yellow fever</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/zika-virus.html/">Zika virus</a></li> </ul> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/">Viruses</a> cause most diseases spread to people by mosquitoes. Malaria is caused by a parasite.</p> <p>Different mosquitoes carry different diseases. How common these illnesses are depends on where people live or travel to, and the time of year.</p> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of Mosquito-Borne Diseases?</h3> <p>Signs and symptoms vary depending on the mosquito-borne disease. Most people don't get sick, or have only mild symptoms after being bitten by an infected mosquito.</p> <p>Signs and symptoms may include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/headache.html/">headache</a></li> <li>muscle pain</li> <li>joint pain</li> <li>rash</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/">vomiting</a></li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a></li> </ul> <p>Rarely, mosquito-borne diseases can cause serious problems, such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/encephalitis.html/">encephalitis</a>, a swelling of the brain.</p> <h3>How Are Mosquito-Borne Diseases Treated?</h3> <p>Most mosquito-borne diseases do not have specific treatments. Someone with a mosquito-borne infection should get plenty of fluids and rest. Doctors will treat symptoms, such as fever or pain, and watch for any problems.</p> <p>There are prevention medicines and specific treatments for malaria.</p> <h3>Can Mosquito-Borne Diseases Be Prevented?</h3> <p>The best protection against mosquito-borne diseases is to prevent bites by infected mosquitoes. Be sure to:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Use screens on doors and windows, and repair broken or damaged screens right away. Keep unscreened doors and windows shut.</li> <li>Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, shoes, and socks outside, and use mosquito netting over beds.</li> <li>Use <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/repellent.html/">insect repellent</a> as directed. Choose one with DEET or picaridin. For kids over 3 years old, you also can use oil of lemon eucalyptus.</li> <li>Limit time outside around dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active.</li> <li>Don't give mosquitoes places to breed. They lay their eggs in water, so get rid of standing water in things like buckets, trash cans, and tires. Empty and clean birdbaths, dog bowls, and flowerpots at least once a week.</li> </ul> <p>Vaccines can prevent some mosquito-borne illnesses, such as dengue fever, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis. Talk to your doctor if you live or travel to places where mosquito-borne diseases are found.</p>Enfermedades transmitidas por mosquitosLas enfermedades transmitidas por mosquitos se pueden contraer cuando te pica un mosquito infectado. Los virus causan la mayoría de las enfermedades que transmiten los mosquitos.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/mosquito-diseases-esp.html/f393c600-4538-495d-a598-4d6f3ec81e16
Bug Bites and StingsGenerally, insect bites and stings are harmless. Find out how to keep pests from ruining your fun.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bug-bites.html/3b3949de-2ab8-470e-871d-35c8e648835d
Dengue FeverYou're not at risk of this illness in the U.S., but if you live in or are traveling to a tropical country it's wise to take precautions against this virus.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dengue.html/2d7fd7a5-0b9c-4abe-b73a-2fe89a04026a
EncephalitisEncephalitis is a rare brain inflammation caused by a virus. The best way to avoid encephalitis is to prevent the illnesses that may lead to it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/encephalitis.html/795b42b2-aa4c-40bc-98b2-f823dc931441
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hey! A Mosquito Bit Me!There are thousands of different kinds of mosquitoes in many different sizes and colors. Learn all about mosquitoes and how they bite you in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/mosquito.html/1fc17e08-ebc2-41af-9402-b8ffc29fdae5
MalariaMalaria - a common infection in hot, tropical areas - is a leading cause of death worldwide. But if diagnosed early and treated, it can be cured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/malaria.html/fc44144e-3892-42a5-9d12-873fe5ef3ff1
Staying Healthy While You TravelWhen you're traveling with your kids, there's a chance that someone might get sick. But early planning and smart packing can help ensure your family stays healthy and safe.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/family-travel.html/109b54ad-f945-4862-b3fa-473beaa33789
West Nile VirusThe threat of West Nile virus has made getting a mosquito bite a cause for concern. What is West Nile virus, and what can you do to prevent it?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/west-nile.html/444f736f-d5c1-4f56-9ce3-7e3068410278
Zika VirusWith so much media coverage about Zika virus, it's natural to feel worried. The virus is of most concern for pregnant women and women who may become pregnant.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/zika-virus.html/3b1fd088-72d8-4e9d-a05e-b7e1fa760f44
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-infectiousDiseaseOutdoor Safetyhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/firstaid-safe/outdoor/d920ac5a-dabb-473c-9df7-ce1b97a9b043Parasitic Infections (Worms, Lice, etc.)https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/parasitic/6489d101-bb81-4fcf-ab14-b507a628cf66Bacterial & Viral Infectionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/bacterial-viral/401507d2-7822-44aa-8109-e54dc4c18e61Parks & Campinghttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/summerspotlight/parks/0124b6a2-43e4-4aa0-bb02-2c3369a06930